Pets – cats and dogs live in many people. However, the joy and positive emotions gives communication with the smaller brothers, can dampen such an unpleasant phenomenon as allergies to their hair. What to do if you are suddenly faced with a similar problem? Is it possible to avoid its occurrence in advance?
Causes of hypersensitive to animal hair
Allergic to animals is quite common. It is believed that it affected about 15% of all people. In children, this form of Allergy is more common than in adults, and is more severe.
Most common allergic to dog and cat hair. However could be allergic to other animals, such as rodents, which are also often kept at home, as well as an Allergy to wool, especially those that are made from camel hair and sheep wool.
For a long time it was believed that the allergic to wool tied by the hair of animals, of which it is composed. But then it turned out that it is not. Of course, the hair animals can also contain allergens, however, often responsible for allergies are those substances that are contained directly in the hair, and of substances in other substances produced by the body of Pets. As a rule, proteins contained in urine, feces, secretions of the sebaceous and sweaty glands, the pieces of the epidermis (the top skin). And the dander is simply the object that successfully absorbs these allergens. Thus, instead of Allergy to animal dander, most people faced with the so-called epidermal Allergy.
Allergy to cat fur in adults and children
Cats are well known for their cleanliness. And indeed it is – every day, any self-respecting yourself kitty wash “without water and without myltsa”, licking his fur. As a result, wool animal, no visible impurities. This purity is achieved with the help of special enzymes contained in the saliva of cats. And they just remain on their fur. Meanwhile, contained in the saliva of cats substances are strong allergens for humans. Also the cat when washing partially carries allergens from the skin on their fur.
Another source of allergens are urine and faeces, and small beads and pieces that fall on the paws and fur of a cat, when she walks to her needs in the tray.
All these factors make the cat among the most allergenic of all Pets. And the palm keep heavily shedding cats, the fur literally flies in all directions. Also found that cats allergene murok female. In addition, different breeds of cats have different allergenicity, although these differences should not be exaggerated. After all, allergies can cause even the widely publicized hairless breed because of allergies, as we have seen, is not actually wool, and highlight the various glands of the body of the animal.
Allergic to dog hair
Dogs are considered to be less allergenic than cats. Perhaps this is due to the fact that dogs are paying less attention to his own toilet. Consequently, their hair not so much soaked with my own drool.
However, every day there are dogs on the street. This means that they can bring with them dirt, feces, bacteria and pollen. All these substances can also cause severe allergies. Like cats, dogs are considered to be less allergenic breed with a hard and little shedding the coat. Also the allergenicity of the dog depends on its size – smaller breeds are a lesser danger in terms of allergies.
Allergic to camel hair
Uncommon and allergic to woollen products made from the wool of farm animals. This applies, for example, wool sheep, and camel. In most cases, allergies occur on poorly cleansed wool, containing traces of the animal, saliva, urine, etc. Interestingly, allergic to camel hair is more typical for inhabitants of Northern areas than for those where there are camels.
Symptoms of Allergy to animal fur
Symptoms of Allergy to animal fur is largely similar to the symptoms observed in allergic to various volatile substances – house dust, pollen, aerosols. Primarily affects the respiratory system and eyes, a few less common skin inflammation, blisters, redness, and other manifestations of allergic dermatitis.
The most common allergic manifestations caused by the dander are:
- asthma attacks,
- allergic rhinitis,
It is also possible and severe symptoms associated with systemic reactions such as anaphylactic shock, angioedema.
Not just an Allergy can manifest itself at the first contact with the animal. Often between the first manifestation of the symptoms of allergies and Pets in the house takes a significant amount of time for which there is sensitization of the organism proteins-allergens
What to do if you are allergic to animal fur
The most important rule, just for those who wish to get rid of allergies is to get rid of the source of Allergy. Of course, if we are talking about a camel blanket or fleece, there’s nothing special in this case does not occur. However, if we are talking about Pets, then the problem could be much more.
Of course, you can try to look for other animal owners, or to surrender it to a shelter. But many people are not psychologically prepared to part forever with your pet, especially if he actually became a member of the family. And trying to adapt to the troubles associated with his presence. In some cases, it is quite possible, especially if an allergic reaction to the animal are of a moderate nature, or we are not talking about little children who have allergies are especially dangerous. In addition, there are a number of methods that reduce the allergenicity of an animal to its owners.
First of all, it is necessary to reduce the concentration of allergens in the apartment. For this you should regularly to do damp cleaning. Dry cleaning with a vacuum cleaner in this case will not work, because after it, a significant part of the dust and allergens only rises. You should also remove from the apartment all the objects, which are able to settle the dander is the carpets, heavy curtains fleecy, plush things, etc. the Animal should be regularly, at least once a week (a possible, and often), to wash, preferably with a special hypoallergenic shampoo. The dog or cat should be fed properly and time to treat a sick animal secretes a lot more allergens. After contact with the pet should wash their hands. Avoid contact with the animal’s saliva on the face. And, of course, do not allow the pet to sleep where people sleep.
In some cases, the animal may not be the direct cause of allergies. For example, the cause of allergies may be particles of food or litter. This possible cause should also be checked. Dogs or cats, it is often on the street can bring on the fur of a huge amount of the strongest allergen – pollen. In such cases, cats should be kept home, and the dogs to walk in special vests.
People who want to have your four-legged friend in advance to think about the possible problem with allergies. Therefore, before you take the animal, you need to check if it causes Allergy. You need to consider that sensitization takes some time, so if the first contact with a pet Allergy symptoms do not exist, it still about what does not speak. Thus, to take the animal home with you only after a few episodes of contact with him, or if there is a possibility to get it back.
Completely hypoallergenic breeds of cats and dogs to date does not exist, however some breeds are less allergenic than others. The cat is the Cornish Rex and the Devon Rex, Siberian, Balinese, Javanese and Oriental cats. Hypoallergenic hairless breeds (canadian and don Sphynx) greatly exaggerated their breeders, but they too can contribute to this list. Dogs have a reputation like that enjoyed little or no moulting breed or breed rough coat Terriers, Schnauzers, poodles. In addition, Allergy sufferers is desirable to have a “slobbery” dog breeds – bulldogs, mastiffs, and dogs that bark too much.
Principles of treatment of allergic to wool in General similar to the methods of treatment for other forms of Allergy. The basis of the treatment is to take antihistamines, is designed to neutralize the main biochemical agent responsible for allergic reactions is histamine. On prescription can be used medication with corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory ointment, decongestant drugs containing alpha-agonists. In some cases, a course of desensitization, during which the body gets used to incoming allergens in gradually increasing doses.