Which specialists to go and what to do: pain in the joints of the hands and feet

Aching joints hands and feet for different reasons. If this happens, it’s time to consult a doctor. This symptom indicates a serious disease. The exception is injury of the limb. In this case, the pain associated with damage to soft tissues.

Unpleasant symptom is often the result of serious diseases. Among them include arthritis, arthrosis, osteoarthritis and gout. These diseases are not alone. Without proper treatment, the aggravation of the situation, until the destruction of the cartilage.

Боли в руках и ногах

Diseases, accompanied by pain syndrome

Pain in joints of hands and feet — frequent companions of many diseases. The intensity and nature of the symptom, the help of the experienced professionals to make the preliminary diagnosis after talking with the patient. To determine the exact cause, use the diagnostic event.

Disease accompanied by pain:

  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • gout;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • arthritis.
Disease Clinic
Rheumatoid arthritis of knee joints belongs to a group of autoimmune lesions of the body. As a result of the disease is the destruction of cartilage own cells. Arthritis is characterized by gradual symmetrical development. The lack of treatment leads to deformation and contortion. Eventually lose mobility.
Gout is accompanied by the accumulation in the cartilage of the uric acid crystals. The causes of the disease associated with the consumption of large amounts of meat. The first affects the joints of the feet, as the progression of the disease involved cartilage in the hands. The hallmark of gout is a burning throbbing pain, worse at night. Why am I experiencing this illness? This phenomenon is caused by food abuse causing excessive production of uric acid.
Aching joints hands and feet due to osteoarthritis. This disease develops due to wear of joint tissue. Pathology progresses after age 60. Localization of pain noted in the thumbs, with the involvement of elbow and shoulder cartilage.
Arthritis — causes and pathology caused by infectious lesions of the body. It provokes a persistent inflammatory process. The disease is acute or chronic. Strong pain is fixed in the period of exacerbation.

The joints of the hands and feet of the sick not only due to illness but also injury. In this category include fractures, sprains and dislocations. The intensity of the manifestations depends on the extent of damage. The damaged area swells, the skin is fixed redness.

The aim of medical intervention is the reduction of pain syndrome and mild inflammation.

The main methods of pain relief

To what doctor to address, the sudden development of pain syndrome. To begin with, the patient should visit a therapist, who will redirect it to a relevant specialist. If the pain associated with severe injury, the issue is solved by trauma. In other cases, you must see a surgeon, orthopedist, or rheumatologist astrology. After determining the cause of the disease, the specialist assigns the optimal treatment regimen.

There are several basic principles in addressing the pathologies of the cartilages:

  • orthopedic treatment;
  • therapeutic exercises;
  • physiotherapy;
  • intraosseous blockaz;
  • drug exposure;
  • proper nutrition;
  • sanitary-resort treatment.

This is a classic example of the anti-pathological processes in cartilage. The emphasis is on medical interventions and proper nutrition. If you do not follow the diet, medications will not give visible result.

The doctor in the composition of optimal regimens must adhere to the “gold standard”. It includes the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They are administered intravenously or intramuscularly, this method of application allows to achieve an accelerated therapeutic effect. Local NSAIDs are permissible, but only as additional therapy. To reduce the negative impact on the stomach, along with anti-inflammatory drugs used Omeprazole. After childbirth and during breastfeeding, NSAIDs does not apply.

In the period of exacerbation to treat the disease should hormonal corticosteroids. Additionally appointed chondroprotectors that accelerate the recovery process of the affected cartilage.

Drug therapy is accompanied by proper nutrition. The exception of sharp, fatty and salty foods reduces the severity of the inflammatory process.

Drug therapy of the disease

Aching joints hands and feet for many reasons. Regardless of the provoking factor, the standard drug therapy involves the use of following groups of drugs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormone, corticosteroids, drugs based on hyaluronic acid and chondro.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs actively reduce inflammation and prevent pain. The most popular drugs are Ibuprofen, Voltaren, Nimesulide and Diclofenac. In order to avoid negative reactions on the part of the stomach, after the use of NSAIDs are used proton pump inhibitors. They protect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.

To treat disease, use of hormonal corticosteroids. They are used by the doctor. This is due to the potent substances that are part of the drugs. Popular medications are Chondroitin Sulfate and Glucosamine. The main feature of the drugs is prolonged use.

Hyaluronic acid, or rather, tools based on it are used together with chondroprotectors. Its action is aimed at restoring the shell of the articular cartilage. The most popular drugs are Duralan, Hyalart, Giesta and Permatron. Chondroprotectors have the same effect.

In the case when the pills don’t help, as an exception to the use of narcotic analgesics.

Auxiliary therapy

Терапия для суставов

Treat pain need not only through medical intervention. Widely used additional methods, including physical therapy. The main procedures include phonophoresis of medicines, ozokerite and paraffin application, baths, therapeutic massage, and ultraviolet and infrared radiation.

Additionally, it is recommended to do the exercises from complex physical therapy. Experts advise to follow a specially selected mechanotherapy. The mechanical effect on the joints of the knees leads to a gradual return of mobility.

To enhance the positive effect, it is recommended to follow a proper diet. Dominated by those products, which is based on the vitamins of groups b and C. the Tablets are powerless, in that case, if the patient continues to eat a provoking food.

What food is the best, depends on the disease that triggered the pain.

Tips alternative medicine

With the development of pain must consult a doctor. Drug therapy selects only specialist. It is appropriate to Supplement people’s recipes. Good action different cereal, pine needles and cabbage leaves.

Oatmeal helps in that case, if badly swollen joints. Apply the flakes in the form of compresses. This main ingredient is brewed in water, and further boiled on a slow fire. The average cooking time is 6 minutes. When the porridge is thick, it is removed from the heat and allow to cool. Then on a piece of cloth laid out ready flakes and applied to the affected area. This should be done once a day, in the evening, the pre-fixing the canvas with plastic wrap.

Pine needles used in healing baths. Suitable oil of the coniferous tree. It is characterized by a calming and relaxing effect. The tool has a positive effect on the joints of the elbows. For the preparation of aromatic baths is enough to add a few drops of oil in hot water. It is recommended no more than 20 minutes.

Folk remedies from any illnesses contain basically cabbage leaves. They are used in pure form, by applying on the affected area. Cabbage helps to eliminate the inflammatory process.

To eliminate pain at the joints of the elbow allow a techniques. To use them you should stick to the basic therapeutic tactics and not to self-medicate. The affected joints is a serious process that requires skilled intervention.