A healthy adult heart makes 60-90 beats a minute. Increased his rhythm indicates tachycardia. It is physiological or pathological.
During pregnancy tachycardia is one of the variants of the norm, if there periodically and it is not accompanied by painful symptoms.
Tachycardia in women: definition, causes, signs
The increase in heart rate happens as a natural reaction of the organism to different factors, and because of the pathological changes in it. Causes of rapid heart rhythm in women:
- physical activity;
- excessive consumption of black tea, coffee, alcohol;
- acute inflammatory process accompanied by fever;
- changes in the hormonal background.
Physiological tachycardia does not require medical intervention and goes away after you correct the causes that caused it. Pathological manifests itself when a serious malfunction of the system and without timely therapy contributes to the emergence of serious consequences.
Painful increased heart rhythm known by such symptoms:
- fatigue, lack of energy;
- discomfort in the chest area;
- unfounded anxiety;
- the heartbeat is felt even without a special examination.
A long course of illness is compounded by loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, fainting. Required state correction to avoid the development of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure.
What is dangerous during pregnancy?
During gestation increases the blood volume load on the cardiovascular system increases. The slight deviation of the physiological parameters from normal values. Danger is a condition resulting from disease.
If we talk about what a dangerous tachycardia in pregnancy in the later stages, it should be noted that it provokes an increase in heart rate (heart rate) in the fetus. This disrupts normal development, can lead to a premature birth or miscarriage.
In the period of gestation a woman should regularly visit the gynecologist to control your condition, because in the initial stages tachycardia is not felt. Compliance with the recommendations of the expert will save the pregnancy and preserve the health of the mother.
Why is there during pregnancy tachycardia, just until set. The probability of development depends on the state of women’s health, her lifestyle, the environment.
The main provocateur of rapid heart rhythm is the increase in the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline. In addition to the physiological hormonal surges occurring in the pregnant woman’s body, identify the following causes of tachycardia:
- bronchial asthma;
- habits harmful to health;
- allergic to drugstore complexes of vitamins and other medicines;
- elevated TSH levels in some illnesses of the thyroid gland;
- iron deficiency anemia;
- dehydration as a result of toxemia with vomiting or failure to comply with drinking regime;
- inflammatory processes in the body;
- temperature rise;
- overdose of the drug.
- significant blood loss due to such causes: placental abruption, trauma, ectopic pregnancy;
- pathology of the cardiovascular system.
Of particular concern is tachycardia in pregnancy accompanied by dyspeptic disorders, unconscious conditions, numbness of limbs, pain in the chest, irritability, drowsiness, dizziness. Sudden rapid heart beat at rest is also an indication for additional examination by a cardiologist.
40 weeks of gestation, a woman’s body has experienced a major metamorphosis. Depending on the period, the causes of tachycardia in pregnancy are changing. It is important to notice deviations from the norm and know how to help themselves.
In the early stages
Tachycardia in pregnancy in the early stages is developing quite rare. Usually provoke increased physical activity, anxiety, alcohol or Smoking. Such attacks are sporadic and the rest are.
Persistent tachycardia in the 1st trimester indicates the presence of any health problems. The reason for the urgent medical advice are pain during attacks, severe deterioration, nausea, dizziness, disruptions of the heart.
To alleviate health with slight palpitations, you should take a comfortable position to sit or lie down, relax, drink a Cup of herbal tea. Helps breathing exercises. Pregnant woman are advised not to smoke and to avoid alcohol, including alcohol and drugs. This will save not only tachycardia, but also violations of a child’s development.
In the last months
In the process of development of pregnancy the growing uterus is more and more pressure on the abdominal organs, and supports the diaphragm moves the heart, constricts blood vessels, blood volume of the embryo increases. Taken together, these factors increase the workload on the heart and blood vessels of the mother.
For these reasons, the tachycardia in pregnancy in the later stages is common. Normal heart rate increases after even minor physical exertion, by excitement, not accompanied by other symptoms and is alone.
Likely to develop in women meteozavisimosti, especially if before pregnancy had a tendency to hypotension. Often tachycardia in pregnancy occurs after eating. To avoid this, it’s necessary to eat small portions 5-6 times a day. The danger is heart rate over 100 beats per minute at rest. The situation requires the treatment prescribed by the attending doctor.
Acceleration of heart rate as a sign of pregnancy
Considered tachycardia a symptom of early pregnancy would be wrong. In the first trimester is a symptom of a pathology or the effects of lifestyle and not a physiological pattern. Sometimes a woman feels a pulsation in the abdomen, palpitations and involves the conception. But with equal success it can be a manifestation of fibroids or other tumors, bloating, premenstrual syndrome.
A more reliable method of determining pregnancy at home test for levels of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in the urine. When the embryo in the wall of the uterus, the amount of the hormone begins to grow. It detects and deposited on the test strip indicator.
Other alleged signs of pregnancy can be symptoms of the disease. Swelling of the Breasts, absence of menstruation during the month, a feeling of pulsation in the abdomen is a serious reason for consultation.
What to do when an accelerated heartbeat at home?
Attack palpitations can come suddenly, when a woman is home alone and need to do self-help. What to do for tachycardia during pregnancy? Doctors recommend the following techniques:
- To provide access of fresh air to go outside to sit by the open window.
- Make a few slow, deep breaths.
- Of medicine can I take Valerian.
- Use the impact of cold on the face — wash, compress. Can be a few seconds to obmanulsya into the icy water.
To restore emotional balance will help tea, knitting, reading. Tonic effect has a special gymnastics for pregnant women. You should note that in every trimester it is recommended that your set of exercises.
Treatment was required and what should it be?
Episodic rapid heartbeat during pregnancy not threaten health. Enough relaxation to improve health. Supervision by physicians and the correction requires a heart rate that is unreasonably increased. Treatment of tachycardia in pregnant women takes into account gestational age and the condition of the patient.
On the first and second trimester increased heart rhythm often causes unstable hormones. Treatment is the use of sedative drugs of vegetable origin and preparations that strengthen the immune and cardiovascular system. In the third trimester in addition to sedatives, use of complexes of trace elements and vitamins.
The medications tachycardia of the heart during pregnancy prescribed by your doctor. Use the following group of drugs:
- Sedatives. Preference is given to herbal remedies: Magnesium B6, Valerian in pill and tincture, Magnerot, Hawthorn, Novo-Passit. The indication for their use is tachycardia in pregnancy.
- Antiarrhythmic drugs, for example Propranolol. These drugs help to normalize the heart rate.
Treatment of ventricular and paroxysmal tachycardia types of pregnancy need to spend in hospital. If a seizure happened at home, the expectant mother should take Validol, go to fresh air. At the hospital physicians continue therapy arrhythmic drugs in the form of tablets and intravenous injection.
The review of reviews pregnant about the problem
Many women are faced with the problem of palpitations in the period of carrying a child. Quite often the attacks overtake at night. Also noted the dependence of heart rate from magnetic storms. For reviews tachycardia in pregnancy responds well to treatment by such means:
- Magnesium B6;
- decoctions lemon balm, motherwort;
- breathing exercises;
- fresh air.
Hawthorn, according to women, ineffective. Many during his admission felt the side effects in the form of fatigue, sleepiness. Also experienced moms are advised not to expect instant effects of the drugs, since most of them have a cumulative property.
Some women reported the occurrence of “white coat syndrome”. The attacks of tachycardia are evoked by a visit to the clinic, outside the walls of health came to normal.
- During pregnancy tachycardia is common.
- The risk of its development increases with time.
- To prevent expectant mothers are advised to observe the regime of work and rest, time to eat, control weight, take prescription vitamin complexes and try to worry less.