Slow heart rate less than 60 beats per minute — usually manifests itself so markedly as rapid heart rate, but it may present no less of a danger to humans. For some groups of people, including trained athletes, congenital hypotensive or elderly patients – low pulse or bradycardia, in certain limits is considered normal.
But the concept of the norm always means that the health of the person in order, therefore, if a low frequency heart rate (HR) is associated with some disease, you need to take action.
Rare causes of palpitations
Heart rate sets a special nerve plexus in the right atrium – the sinoatrial node, located at the confluence of the body superior Vena cava. The sinus node is called the primary pacemaker, his work affects the autonomic nervous system. With the prevalence of influence of sympathetic nerves accelerates the heart rate, while parasympathetic influence is the deceleration rate.
One of the most “neuromolecular” States is considered a low heart rate and high blood pressure arising as a result of several external and internal reasons.
The most frequent provoker of this condition is prolonged use the hypotensive (antihypertensive) or other drugs with the effect of slowing heart rate. These include:
When you cancel these drugs or replacing them by other means from the high pressure low pulse rate quickly returns to normal.
But there are more serious pathological causes of weak pulse at high pressure. These pathologies can have cardiac (heart) or noncardiac origin:
- a variety of heart block;
- conduction disorders of the heart;
- the weakness of the sinus node;
- pathology of the myocardium and the surrounding layers (endocarditis, pericarditis, etc.);
- cardiosclerosis, atherosclerosis;
- heart defects;
- rarely, myocardial infarction (heart rate may decrease, and HELL to rise in the first 24 hours);
- vascular disorders;
- diseases of the brain, thyroid, kidney, liver, etc.
Marked reduction in heart rate (below 50) at high pressure can occur from high blood pressure when getting outside in the bitter cold, the state can also trigger excessive mental stress and chronic fatigue.
A variety of etiological factors suggests the need specialist advice, so as to independently establish the cause of low pulse and a high pressure is not possible.
Why the older person is below 50 beats/min?
The aging of the body it is a natural slowing of the functional activity of all systems, including cardiovascular. Therefore, the sinus node will not generate the same heart rate as in younger years. The heart adapts to economical consumption of energy and oxygen than several prolongs the wear and tear on the myocardium.
All is well until, while bradycardia does not cause concern. If an elderly person is found very low (below 50 beats/ min) pulse associated with high blood pressure and symptoms such as:
- weakness in the legs, dizziness and other signs of circulatory disorders;
- shortness of breath, cold sweat;
- oppressive pain in the chest,
you need to see a doctor and find out why at high pressure such a low pulse. Without a thorough diagnostic it impossible for the selection of adequate treatment. Might have to go more in-depth study of the pulse — daily monitoring to see happen if the seizures bradycardia with even lower rates.
Bradycardia in an older person can indicate the age of the infarction, worsening of heart contractility, conduction, automaticity and other abnormalities.
When serious slowing an elderly person may require implantation of an artificial pacemaker – a pacemaker.
What are the dangers of a weak heartbeat?
When the heartbeat isn’t uncomfortable, it’s hard to imagine what threat a low pulse. About the dangers of a weak heart rate speak not only of the above diseases. In some cases, the sharp decrease pulse can threaten human life, so how can lead:
- to cardiac arrest;
- to acute ischemia of cerebral vessels, ischemic stroke;
- to myocardial infarction.
Even if you cut these emergency situations, the risk of acquisition of different kinds of ischemia due to prolonged severe bradycardia remains high.
First aid at home
In situations where the pressure was high and pulse is low, it is worth remembering that you can do at home and what not to do. The first step is to find out how high the pressure and how is low pulse. If these readings are within optimal tolerance range, the first aid may not be necessary.
The basic guideline remains the feel – if it is good, no reason to worry if a man is bad, rendered first aid.
Measuring blood pressure and heart rate (blood pressure and pulse) and received these figures:
- HELL > 150/100 mm Hg.St.;
- Heart rate < 40 beats per minute
immediately call the doctor. Before his arrival provide the patient fresh air, release from tight clothing items. Some experts suggest to put mustard to the neck and the ankles for 2-3 minutes.
Low heart rate and high blood pressure is a serious situation that absolutely can not show self-confidence and to be treated independently. It must be remembered that the means accelerating pulse, as a rule, increase the pressure. So at home you should refrain from taking medications that contain caffeine, soft drinks and similar stimulants trying as quickly as possible to raise the pulse.
It is impossible to aspire to a rapid decrease in blood pressure, since its sharp drop can result in myocardial infarction, stroke or acute renal failure.
What pills to take?
Given all of the above risks, it can be concluded that the tablets with a low pulse and high blood pressure can be taken only by prior agreement with the doctor. Most likely, it will not drugs emergency care, and antihypertensive drugs prolonged action:
All these tablets belong to prescription medicines, so their use without prior consultation of a physician is prohibited.
Is it possible to use origaudio drugs?
For high blood pressure many high blood pressure take funds from hypotensive and simultaneously soothing and reducing the pulse effect. Consider whether you can take these drugs with a low pulse.
Drops of sage belong to the pharmacological group of sedatives and other hypnotics and sedatives according to the international classification of medicines. Sage has not only sedative but also antispasmodic and vasodilator effect that can be used at high pressure. But a side effect of the drug called slowing of the heart rate, so when a low pulse to take it should not.
Antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive medications Inderal represents a group of non-selective beta blockers, one of which is a slowing of the pulse by reducing the rate of excitation of the sinus and slow conduction of atrioventricular node.
The contraindications to Anaprilina specified aetiology with a number of heartbeat less than 50 beats/min. it is Easy to conclude about whether it is possible in this case to use Inderal.
Antihypertensive Concor also applies to beta-blockers, although selective. It is not recommended if heart rate below 60 beats per minute according to the instructions. So apply Konkor, despite a good antihypertensive effect, high blood pressure with low pulse is impossible.
How to lift with normal blood pressure?
Low heart rate under normal pressure can be stabilized not only medicines, but also light gymnastic exercise or a walk in the fresh air that is easy to do in good health. If heart rate does not cause discomfort and does not fall below 50 beats per minute, you do not ask the question – how to raise the heart rate, because such a pulse may be your individual norm. But it is better to clarify this fact to the doctor.
What to do with reduced AD?
When the pressure is reduced and against this background there is a low pulse must be applied:
- tonic agents – tincture of ginseng, Siberian ginseng, Echinacea, leuzea, etc.;
- drugs based on caffeine;
- in severe cases, the atropine – only under the supervision of a physician.
In the case of the fall of man fainting when bradycardia and low pressure, the first thing you should do is to call a doctor. And to the victim provide emergency first aid to put your feet up on a horizontal surface without a pillow, free from tight clothing and give the access of air.
- High pressure pulse rarely happens low and is usually an indicator of heart problems.
- The risk of rare heart rate is the consequences, which may cause an excessively slow heartbeat – cerebral ischemia, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest.
- Antihypertensive therapy at low pulse is a little complicated, even for specialists, and in any case not tolerate self-medication.