Hair loss in men occurs quite often in our hectic days as the main cause of baldness is stress. Men experience all in itself, and this is reflected not in the best way their health and appearance. Fortunately, in many cases, you can avoid this unpleasant condition, using cosmetics and special medical facilities.
Baldness or alopecia is the pathological loss of hair, which in men is more common than in women, and leads to noticeable thinning or complete absence of hair on the head or other areas of the body. The first signs of alopecia are observed at the age of 15-25 years. The reason for this unpleasant phenomenon is often emotional tension (stress) or chronic fatigue. Usually the problem of hair loss cannot cope with special cosmetic products, but often have to resort to medical treatment.
Causes of hair loss in men
- Stress, prolonged nervous strain, such as, bad work environment, delayed payment of wages or unemployment.
- The lack of vitamins and minerals in connection with unbalanced diet, lack of vegetables and fruits in the diet or dairy products, monotone with a predominance of carbohydrates and heavy fats.
- Endocrine pathology (most often thyroid disease), metabolic disorders.
- Heredity, ie, if dad is bald, the son in the future, too, will be bald at a young age (androgenetic alopecia).
- Hormonal disturbances.
- Age-related changes.
- Down syndrome (a genetic disease, characterized by the characteristic appearance of patients and dementia).
- Addison’s disease (adrenal pathology).
- Some connective tissue diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus).
Types of baldness in men
In medicine there are several types of hair loss: any hair loss is only in one place, either multiple foci or from the entire surface of the hairy area of the head. In addition, the alopecia is cicatricial and Narusova, depending on the degree of violation of functions of hair follicles. In scarring alopecia, they will atrophy when nedubrovo — function declines, but saved.
The most common type of baldness in men is androgenetic alopecia, which is based on genetic inheritance of disease. It is found approximately in 90% of cases. The cause of her increased sensitivity of hair to influence of male sex hormones (androgens) in blood, no changes in the hormonal composition is not detected. If androgen levels are elevated — this is an indication for an adequate examination. Androgenetic alopecia in the pilosebaceous apparatus is reduced in size and the hair is reduced to a vellus parameters and can grow only one centimeter in length.
This kind of baldness is characterized by several types of loss of hair.
The first classification of the stages of baldness — it is a classification on the Norwood — Hamilton.
According to this classification allocate seven stages. From the first to the third stage, the hair falls out at the temples with the formation of “bald patches”, the fourth through sixth stages formed the foci of alopecia on the crown and the merging of lesions on the crown and at the temples. At the seventh stage of the merge all the lesions.
Besides, there are baldness type horseshoes, jacks and mixed type.
Baldness the type of a horseshoe in which the hair starts to thin out from the front of the head from the temples. Then the process involves all of the frontal-parietal region. The area of baldness resembles a “horseshoe”.
Baldness the type of socket the hair thinning centers in different areas of the head, but the crown appears the area that resembles a nest. But as a result of the expanding area of baldness, anyway, takes a horseshoe-shaped appearance.
The mixed type occurs most often, the hair falls out at the same time and in the temples, and in the parietal area.
A rare form of baldness. The hair loss begins against the background of complete well-being and also self stops: a completely bald man can grow hair in one month, and then again fully to fall out.
It begins usually with a small spot. The hair can occur on the head, in some cases, the process extends to the whole body. In one area of the body the hair can recover, and the other at the same time to fall. The pathological process is accompanied by dystrophy of the nail plate.
The causes of this disease are not fully understood. Trichologists believe that the main factor in this case is immune failure (autoimmune reaction). Often a major role in the development of disease is attributed to infectious agents.
How to treat male pattern baldness
Baldness treatment is directed primarily at restoring normal functioning of hair follicles. In mild cases this may occur spontaneously and not require medical intervention, but there are patients in whom after the end of treatment (complete cure) the disease comes back.
Typically treat the entire area of the body affected by the pathological process. The result from the treatment can only be expected in 6-9 months.
Very good for hair growth multivitamin, and in severe cases, shows the b vitamins in injections and work with a psychologist.
Of drugs, able to stop hair loss in men. The choice is strictly individual.
All drugs used in this pathology, can be divided into the following groups:
- Drugs that cause contact dermatitis (dietilovyi live surikovoy acid, etc.).
- nonspecific irritants (dithranol, Croton oil).
- Nonspecific and specific immunosuppressants.
- External drugs that have a direct impact on hair follicles.
Pharmacological action of all these drugs, one way or another, aimed against hair loss and restoring of growth, i.e. the restoration of normal structure of hair follicles. In severe cases, transplantation was performed (transplantation) hair.
Sometimes a good effect in the treatment of hair loss can be achieved by the use of folk remedies such as onion juice, which is rubbed into the skin of the scalp, or decoction of onion peel. But it is better before doing this consult with a doctor to exclude more serious pathology.
Prevention of hair loss in men
In the prevention of hair loss you should regularly take a multivitamin and do a hydrating mask (with burdock or milk products) at least once in two weeks. To improve blood circulation in the problem area you should perform a self-massage of the scalp. This massage, in addition to everything else, and nervous tension will help to get rid of. Every night before sleep, the hair should be brushed with a special brush, but wet hair to comb it is impossible. To try as much as possible to dry your hair and not subjected to the action of natural conditions. What’s also important to try and maintain thick beautiful hair is proper balanced diet.