Very few people can boast of a perfect bite. Most of us there are certain anomalies. Unfortunately, they are not only aesthetic drawback. Certain pathologies of the occlusion (occlusal contact) may cause impaired, pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, tooth decay, etc. to Correct a malocclusion as early as possible is preferable – until the dental system is not yet completely formed. In modern orthodontics developed several effective methods of correction of the occlusion. One of them is a well-known non-removable devices – braces. Wearing them is connected with certain inconveniences.
Trays or aligners are an alternative to braces. Modern orthodontic devices of this type appeared relatively recently – about a dozen years ago.
As such, Capa is known for quite a long time. Applied for whitening teeth and preventing their premature erasing when bruxism (night teeth grinding). In addition, Capa has long used by boxers to protect the dentition from mechanical injury.
Aligners are removable and virtually transparent plate characterized by a certain degree of elasticity. They can be worn directly on the teeth and help to correct minor malocclusions, and to consolidate the results of orthodontic treatment after removal of braces.
Mouth guards are made of biocompatible (hypoallergenic) material – bioplastic or biosilicon. They are characterized by a high degree of elasticity, but not to injure the gums. The undoubted advantage of aligners is transparent. They are almost invisible when communicating with someone, which eliminates psychological discomfort.
To achieve the desired effect it is advisable to wear a mouth guard at least 18-22 hours a day, removing only while eating, and hygiene (brushing teeth).
Typically, the patient immediately issued a set of aligners, numbering from 2 to 30 copies. Capa, as a rule, require replacement every two months as correction of the malocclusion.
Indications for mouth guards for teeth straightening
The aligners help to cope with the following anomalies:
The types of aligners
There are several varieties of the cap orthodontic Apparatuses are made individually for each patient. First, the dentist makes an individual a cast, and then with the use of modern digital technology produces a 3D model of the patient’s jaws. In the dental laboratory for fabrication of aligners apply a thermoplastic material to soften in hot water. When the material acquires the desired plasticity, it is worn on the model. Cooling down, he takes the form of the jaw.
Material aligners are divided into bioplastique and silicone. These synthetic compounds have certain similarities – they are almost invisible on the teeth, do not cause the patient discomfort (especially after getting used), transparent and do not cause allergic reactions.
Time-of-use aligners are divided into night and around the clock. The first doctor recommends that you wear just before bedtime with a slight defect of dentition. Second are constantly taking off only for meals and for cleaning teeth.
It is important
According to the testimony of KAPA made on one jaw or on both at once.
Aligners are separated by age. Children’s mouth guards have the disadvantage of the child can retrieve the device at any time, so parents need to explain to the child the need for constant wearing of the device. However, they need to wear relatively short-lived, because in the period of formation of bite the teeth are aligned very quickly. First malocclusions can manifest itself in 5-6 years. So how can setting the braces in this age period is impossible, the only way to become a Kappa-trainers.
The first trainers are made of extremely stretchy material. Wear them 1 hour a day and put on before bedtime. They likewise assist to get rid of bad habits – biting a pencil or breathing through the mouth. In the next phase are made more dense aligners for the correction of occlusion. They are not more than 1 year. Such trainers are suitable for teenagers, despite the fact that the formation of the dentition is completed.
Aligners for adults are also made for the correction of occlusion, but the wear they have much longer – from 8 months to 2 years. Mouth guards for children and adults have, in fact, only one difference – the size.
It is important
Before you make an individual Aligner, the patient will need to treat caries and other diseases of the oral cavity.
Addiction to capam occurs in the shortest possible time, since the devices do the tooth row is only slightly thicker. In rare cases, patients on 1-2 day have problems with pronunciation of certain sounds.
The advantages and disadvantages of aligners
- mouth guards help prevent damage to the enamel of the teeth;
- aligners can’t change the natural shade of the enamel;
- computer simulation models makes it possible to accurately distribute the load in the dentoalveolar system in advance taking into account potential movement of the teeth.
- the efficiency cap is very high, and comparable to traditional braces;
- the devices have absolutely no effect on the pronunciation of certain phonemes;
- the aligners do not injure mucous membranes;
- fixtures are practically invisible to others;
- the tray is extremely easy to use and maintenance;
- aligners do not cause the slightest discomfort to the patient.
- the cost (production costs more aligners braces);
- the tray is practically useless for correcting significant anomalies.
- the patient can often remove the tray or not sufficiently attentive to their cleaning, which adversely affects the treatment process.
Care Burr and General recommendations
The process of cleaning the aligners is simple – enough of them daily with warm water (too hot can cause deformation of the unit) and cleaned the inner side of the conventional toothbrush. Even if the cap looks perfectly clean, neglected its purification impossible. In microscopic pores can accumulate disease-causing microorganisms, which in the future may harm the teeth.
Morning and evening mouth guards need to be removed to carry out regular brushing and Flossie (dental floss), and then returning the aligners to their former place.
It is advisable to stop Smoking, as nicotine can stain sets in yellowish color. To remove nicotine patina is quite problematic.
It is advisable to abandon chewing gum – it will inevitably stick to the aligners.
Plisov Vladimir, dentist, medical columnist