25.11.2020

On the big toe bursitis: understanding the pathology

Bursitis of the big toe is a pathological process due to genetic predisposition. During the progression of the disease is a deformity with subsequent bending of the affected joint. Experts believe that pathology is tied to genetics, but this is not the only trigger.

Bursitis of finger can lead to partial or complete disability. The risk group also includes people whose work is connected with permanent stay on his feet.

What is the reason for the development of the disease

What is bursitis and is it dangerous? Pathology leads to the development of the inflammatory process in the joint capsule. If treatment is not available, the deformation of the finger, which leads to partial or complete disability. According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, these people are assigned the disability, depending on the severity.

Joint capsule under the influence of certain negative factors is able to change its structure. Previously, experts believed that the bursitis of the big toe develops as a result of excessive consumption of salty foods. Studies conducted later refuted this hypothesis. Joint capsule is extremely rare inflamed due to accumulation of salt crystals.

Bursitis of the foot develops due to metabolic abnormalities and previous injuries of the joints. A fundamental factor in the formation of the disease is hallux valgus. This pathology is associated with wearing uncomfortable shoes, with the result that bone sticks out to the side, and the finger is deformed. Not the last role in this process is played by genetics.

Bursitis of the foot is a congenital curvature of its arch. This process should be flat and inconsistency of parts of the foot muscles. Main precipitating factor is genetic predisposition. Visual symptoms are recorded not only in the region of the thumb and little finger.

Of pathology

Bursitis of the big toe accompanied by accumulation of fluid in the articular capsule. Over time it begins to rot, causing a number of unpleasant manifestations.

The symptoms of inflammation of the joint follows:

  • pain syndrome;
  • anemia in the lower part of the leg;
  • the bulging bones;
  • flushing of the skin.

The insidiousness of the disease is in an unstable manifestation of pain syndrome. Often it is poorly expressed, in connection with which the person does not give it any importance. To confirm the development of a pathology it is necessary to sit on the ground and in a position to take a few steps. Bursitis of the big toe from “answer” marked pain syndrome.

Pathology has several stages of development. In the later stages the symptoms are pronounced, they are represented by a visible curvature of the affected area, acute inflammatory process and the formation of blisters. A person is not able to wear shoes that were previously comfortable and fit well. This is due to the widening of the joint due to excessive accumulation of synovial fluid.

At the final stage of the symptoms are accompanied by suppuration, acute pain during walking. From a physiological point of view of the observed apparent deviations from the inflamed joint of the foot, changing the shape and development of osteoarthritis. Symptoms of acute pain hinder movement. Man is not capable of performing his usual actions. Movements become inhibited, which leads to disability.

The current legislation of the Russian Federation provides for the assignment of disability with the development of irreversible processes.

Methods of therapeutic effects

To treat the disease must be in the early stages of its development.

Therapeutic methods Medicines and other means
Choosing the right shoes will reduce the load on the foot. Women with curvature of the bottom of the feet, avoid shoes with high heels.
The use of orthotic Shoe inserts. When severe deformation of the specialists insist on the use of special orthopedic insoles and soft linings.
Bursitis of the foot is eliminated anti-inflammatory ointments and gels. The most popular are Nise gel, diclofenac and voltaren.
If there is excessive accumulation of synovial fluid is puncture with subsequent aspiration of fluid. To infections to treat the disease need antibiotics. To reduce inflammation lower leg in the cavity is injected kenalog or other steroid hormone. The main goal of medical therapy is the elimination of the inflammatory process.
During the recovery period the patient attends the physiotherapy. Among them include electrophoresis, paraffin and ozocerite. If you have developed bursitis of the foot – treatment thisprocedure will be adjuvant therapy. It is used in complicated forms of the disease.

If conservative treatment is ineffective, experts prescribe surgery. Treat the pathology is quick and painless lets bursectomy. Is a surgical procedure in which eliminates the deformed area of bone. This is done by incision, and is performed using electrocautery excising. In advanced stage osteotomy is used. It allows you to cure the disease by addressing the valgus angle.

To cope with the pathology of the impossible. At home it is acceptable to use people’s techniques, but they should not be the main component of the curative treatment. Bursitis be treated with medication or surgically.

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3 thoughts on “On the big toe bursitis: understanding the pathology

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