Circumcision (circumcision) is a surgical operation in which the foreskin is removed from the male penis. This procedure is optional, but sometimes it is carried out for various reasons: medical, religious, etc. Today, circumcision is performed using a traditional scalpel or a modern laser. Which one is better and safer?
Today, the laser is a safer and more modern way to remove the foreskin – it does not cause bleeding, gently excises soft tissues, and has a short rehabilitation period. Therefore, it is preferable to choose this method.
The scalpel method is suitable for those who are not ready to pay a large amount for the procedure. Sometimes a medical operation is performed free of charge in public hospitals.
Before the operation, you will need to take some tests (for genital infections, HIV, a blood and urine test) and undergo a series of examinations to eliminate contraindications. It is also necessary to consult a doctor and decide with him whether to use a circumcision method – laser or scalpel. Sometimes it happens that the foreskin can only be removed with a scalpel. Together with the doctor, the patient decides how much of the foreskin can be removed.
Circumcision should be performed by an experienced surgeon. The inexperience of the doctor can lead to serious complications. It is best to pay money and have surgery in a specialized clinic. It should be borne in mind that the clinic must have a license.
The laser method is used not only in circumcision, but also in the removal of various cosmetic defects (moles, papillomas, warts, etc.), erosion of the neck of the shirt. The laser beam “burns” the layers of the skin, as a result of which the neoplasms are eliminated.
During the operation, the surgeon pulls the foreskin and pulls it tightly. Then it acts on the skin with a laser beam, and the foreskin is excised. Self-absorbable sutures and a disinfectant dressing are applied to the site of exposure.
The operation is performed under local anesthesia and lasts 20-30 minutes.
The advantages of laser cutting are:
- Minimum invasiveness. The laser beam dissects soft tissue as smoothly as possible, without shredding, unlike a scalpel. Due to this, pain and swelling in the first days after surgery are not so pronounced.
- Lack of bleeding. Blood vessels coagulate under the influence of a laser, so bleeding does not occur.
- Sterility. Laser radiation heats the layers of the skin, and as a result of this, all pathogenic microorganisms die under the influence of high temperatures.
- Fast recovery. Rehabilitation after laser circumcision lasts several times shorter than after scalpel surgery. Patients return to their usual way of life (with some restrictions) in 3-5 days.
- High aesthetic result. After laser cutting, no seams, scars and scars remain, as the edges of the wound are sealed and self-absorbable sutures are applied.
- Safety and minimal risk of complications. After laser exposure, inflammatory processes and other pathologies are very rare, therefore this method is the safest.
The disadvantage of this procedure is only its relatively high cost – scalpel circumcision is much cheaper.
The scalpel is the main surgical instrument during operations. It is a small sharp knife, with the help of which cutting and excision of soft tissues is carried out.
Before the operation, the patient must be given painkillers. Then the penis is bandaged with a special thread near the head, so as not to accidentally touch the scalpel with tissues that do not need to be cut off.
After bandaging, the surgeon pulls the foreskin and excises it with a scalpel. After that, self-absorbable sutures are applied to the site of exposure. In the past, soft tissues were wetted with swabs during surgery to stop bleeding. To date, the operation also uses coagulators (electrodes), which cauterize blood vessels and stop bleeding.
A laser and a scalpel are used to remove the foreskin of the penis – due to this, the risk of developing infectious diseases of the genitourinary system is significantly reduced, the hygiene of the penis is improved (as dirt and various secretions, which are a favorable medium for the reproduction of bacteria, cease to accumulate under the head), and sexual intercourse is lengthened.
Both methods are equally popular today. The scalpel method is chosen by many patients, since it is more familiar, and many know its principle of action.
However, this method, in comparison with a laser, has several disadvantages:
- Causes bleeding (but blood droplets are cauterized by electrodes).
- There is a risk of infection.
- The operation lasts 2 times longer.
- A doctor may accidentally cut off an extra area of skin.
- Longer rehabilitation period (up to 1 month).
- Unpleasant sensations after surgery are more pronounced than after laser exposure.
Both laser and scalpel circumcision can be performed at any age – even babies can be operated on a few days after birth.
The contraindications for both procedures are the same:
- Oncological diseases.
- Blood diseases, bleeding disorders.
- Immune Disorders
- Viral and catarrhal diseases.
- Infectious and inflammatory pathologies.
- Genital infections.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
- HIV and AIDS.
- Unhealed circumcision injuries.
After circumcision (in any way), visit the sauna, bathhouse, pool for a while, take a bath (wash in the shower), and exercise. Typically, restrictions are removed 2 weeks after surgery.