Diabetes affects more than 30 million people in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control, and about 25% don’t know they have it.
You may have diabetes and not know it.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that happens when your blood sugar, or your glucose, is too high. This can happen when your body does not regulate sugar well because it does not produce enough insulin or because your body does not process sugar efficiently.
Risk factors include being overweight, having a family history or having gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
“If you are over the age of 45, or you have risk factors, it’s important to be screened regularly,” says Dr. Sanaa Khan Deshmukh, an endocrinologist at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital in Park Ridge, Ill.
But what if you don’t fall into one of these categories?
Dr. Deshmukh outlines 15 subtle symptoms that may indicate diabetes. Talk to your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms:
- Increased need to urinate; more urine volume
- Being very thirsty
- Increased hunger
- Bad breath, especially an unpleasant sweet and fruity smell
- Bleeding or swollen gums, receding gum line and mouth pain
- Blurry vision
- Bruises and cuts that take a long time to heal
- Losing weight without trying
- Increased fatigue
- Dizzy or fainting spells
- Yeast and fungal infections (eye styes, athletes foot, vaginal infections, jock itch and ringworm)
- Dark spots around your neck and armpits
- Tingling or numbness in your hand and/or feet
- Itchy, dry skin
- Sexual dysfunction
It’s important to not let diabetes run amok for too long, as it can cause damage to just about every system and organ in your body.
Dr. Deshmukh offers the following tips to prevent or control diabetes:
- Lose weight. Even 5% of your overall weight can make a huge difference for obese people.
- Maintain a healthy, balanced diet with a reduced amount of refined sugars.
- Walk as much as possible, and especially after every meal.
- See your doctor if you notice any changes in your body. A simple blood test can determine if you have diabetes or pre-diabetes.