It’s here – cold and flu season. Getting more of the “sunshine vitamin” could help you stay healthier this winter. A global study reports that vitamin D may help protect against cold and flu.
Scientists at Queen Mary University of London led the study that involved 11,000 participants in 25 clinical trials in 14 countries, including the U.S., Canada, U.K. and Japan. Some of the individual trials showed protection against respiratory illnesses and others showed no effect, but collectively the data showed definitive evidence of the vitamin D benefits.
The researchers discovered:
- Vitamin D supplementation had the most effect in those who have the lowest vitamin D levels and when given daily or weekly rather than in less frequent doses.
- In people with the lowest baseline vitamin D levels, daily or weekly supplementation cut the risk of acute respiratory infection in half.
- Those with higher baselines also benefited, experiencing a 10% risk reduction.
How does vitamin D help ward off respiratory infections? It’s thought that vitamin D may boost levels of natural antimicrobial substances in the lungs.
“Colds, flu and other upper respiratory infections are one the most common reasons people see their primary care provider,” says Dr. Brittani Gierisch, from Aurora Health Center in West Allis, WI. “It’s also a main reason people miss work.”
The sun is a great source of vitamin D. Your skin naturally produces the vitamin when exposed to sunlight. But the sun isn’t around as much at this time of year. You can also get vitamin D from salmon, tuna, cheese, eggs and milk and other fortified foods.
“The best way to fight the flu is to get your flu vaccination,” says Dr. Gierisch. “However, vitamin D supplementation is safe and inexpensive, so it may be worthwhile – especially for people who live in northern climates where exposure to the sun is limited in the winter – to help fight respiratory infections.”