Urine of a healthy person has a transparent straw-yellow color and does not contain any impurities. In some cases, the biological fluid may acquire a dark brown color. With the fluctuations in the saturation of urine can face any person – it could be a physiological phenomenon.
However, in some circumstances, the change in hue may indicate violations of the functional activity of some organs and the development of pathological processes. In our article we describe the main natural and pathological reasons for the darkening of urine shade what to do in case if a person stood out urine beer color and how to prevent the development of serious illness.
Which leads to fluctuations in the color of urine?
The biological liquid, which allocates a properly functioning body, light yellow color. Depending on diet and amount of fluid consumption in her tone there was a slight hesitation.
Sometimes the person notes that his urine is in color like strong tea or beer. In some cases this phenomenon is caused by reasons of natural environment and some pathological factors.
Natural cause of darkening of urine is an increase the levels of urochrome (pigment derived bile pigments).
This can be caused by:
- the increased sweating during intense exercise or in hot season;
- consequence development in the body inflammatory processes, which provoke an increase in body temperature;
- vomiting or diarrhoea over a long period;
- toxemia of pregnancy;
- inadequate intake of fluid lost.
To change the usual color of urine is capable of and some foods and medication.
The presence of the “beer” color is observed in case of excessive alcohol consumption:
- leguminous fruits;
- strong black tea.
Of medicines, the application of which there is a change in color of urine may be noted:
- activated carbon;
- b vitamins;
- drugs, which contain molecules derived aromatic hydrocarbons – lisola and phenols.
At the color of urine can influence any other synthetic medicines, which contain pigments
There are also unnatural causes fluctuations in the color of urine with pathological nature.
These include a rather unpleasant and in some cases dangerous disease:
- infectious-inflammatory diseases of the urinary organs – urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, vaginitis (in women), prostatitis (in men);
- kidney stones gallbladder and kidneys;
- the liver;
- diseases of the blood;
- kidney failure;
- autoimmune disorders;
- the presence of tumors in the urinary tract.
Let us consider the sequence of the circumstances under which different people have excreted the urine color resembling beer.
What kind of disease is evidenced by the darkening of urine in a child?
Hue children’s urine depends on the consumption of baby foods. Therefore, when allocating the child’s dark biological fluids need to remember what he ate the day before. If this symptom is accompanied by pain when emptying the bladder, nausea, high body temperature indicates the development in children the pathological process of bacterial or viral origin.
Most of these clinical signs observed during infections of the urinary tract, which takes second place after colds.
Feature of the child’s body is that inflammation is not localized in a particular place – it affects the lower and upper sections of the urinary tract.
When you change the hue of the children’s urine should contact the advice of a practicing pediatrician – he will examine the child, will appoint the necessary studies and appropriate course of remedial measures
Why dark urine in men and women?
“Beer” shade of urine in women can occur if there are problems with the genitourinary organs, this phenomenon contributes to the development of:
- Endometriosis – proliferation of cells of the inner layer of the uterine walls (endometrium) outside of it. This pathological process is widespread among women of reproductive age.
- Pyelonephritis – nonspecific inflammation of the renal tubules. His development of disease-causing microorganisms.
- The ureteritis – inflammation of the walls of one or both ureters. Most often the disease provokes the infection spread from the urinary canal or bladder.
- Colpitis, vulvitis – inflammation of the mucous membranes of the genital tract.
To establish the true cause darkening of the urine, the woman needs to pass a comprehensive examination. Representatives of a strong half of mankind, the urine may acquire a brown tint if you have problems with the prostate gland.
Features of the anatomical structure of the male urethra is such that it goes through the prostate secretion and seminal fluid the various impurities contained in their structure, can affect the coloration of urine. Dark urine and in the presence of men of bad habits.
Rich brown urine in men of the older generation is observed in the adenoma of the prostate – this case requires urgent consultation of the doctor-urologist or andrologist
Special attention for both men and women should be paid to the appearance of these characteristic symptoms, such as:
- loss of appetite;
- high temperature;
- constant feeling of thirst;
- yellowness of skin and sclera;
- increased urge to empty the bladder;
- pain in the process of urine;
- arterial hypertension;
- severe pain in the right hypochondrium;
- weight loss;
- headache and muscle pain;
- discoloration of feces.
In the presence of these clinical signs man is in need of emergency care.
Dark urine during pregnancy
In the period of carrying a baby change the hue of the urine is a physiological phenomenon. However, a pregnant woman must undergo periodic laboratory testing of this biological substance to exclude the presence of pathogens that provoke the development of infectious diseases. In some cases, the urine darkens in the presence of the expectant mother severe morning sickness – in this period there is the dehydration of the female body.
A pregnant woman should consume per day no less than two liters of fluid and the urine becomes normal color
What to do when you change the color of urine?
When the urine has acquired a dark brown hue and is showing signs of a pathological condition, manifested by high fever, vomiting, pain in abdomen, urination disorder – you should immediately contact a doctor! If the color change of the biological liquids occurred by natural causes – should eliminate them, and the urine will become normal color.
However, to ensure no serious health concerns, you should take the urine and blood. Urine color of beer is typical for viral hepatitis, it is caused by high concentration of bile pigments – designated medical term “bilirubinuria”. This case is a pathological condition characterized by yellowness of the skin and sclera (the outer membranes of the eye).
Brown urine may occur with hemolytic anemia – this disease is characterized by an increase of the disintegration of red blood cells. Increased destruction of red blood cells causes an increase in circulating blood levels of bilirubin and jaundice.
The dark brown tinge may indicate cirrhosis of the liver or the functional activity of the kidneys which reduces the excretion of toxins.
In the end all of the above, I want to note once again that the shade of urine is possible to define many disorders of the human body, but more complete information will provide the laboratory study of this biological fluid.
After receiving final data for this analysis you need, without any hesitation, visit a qualified physician. This is the most optimal steps you need to do to maintain their health.