A carrier of hepatitis C – what does it mean? On average, about 2% of people infected with this viral disease. According to statistics, this figure is growing every year. A person acquires the hepatitis C when the virus in the patient’s blood enters the bloodstream of a healthy host.
Usually the spread of hepatitis b contributes to anti-social type of life, for example drug use. About 40% of young people infected in obtaining venous drug content.
Chronic stage of the virus is evident in 80% of cases of hepatitis C. It is most dangerous for the human body, as it leads to cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. Today, scientists presented a lot of drugs to cure hepatitis C With early detection of the disease and the treatment may complete recovery of the patient. Approximately 70% of the infected is cured forever and live a full life, forgetting about this illness. Unfortunately, modern medicine has not yet got an effective vaccine against hepatitis C.
Methods of infection
A sick or infected person to be sources of infection. Hepatitis C can be transmitted in the following circumstances:
- when addicted people use the same needle to inject drugs intravenously;
- while touching the contaminated device for tattooing, piercing piercing the blood of an infected patient;
- when using multiple people shared razors, nail devices, and dental supplies;
- treatment of hemodialysis (use of device “artificial kidney”);
- the probability of acquiring the virus sexually is only about 5%;
- the implementation of medical intervention associated with blood;
- getting hepatitis to the fetus from a pregnant mother is only 3% (often the infection occurs at the exit of the fetus during extraction from the birth canal);
- transfusion materials of the blood (the infection is quite rare).
If you do not observe the sanitary and hygienic rules in hospitals, by place of infection can be any room of medical institutions. At the time of the in this constant manipulation that affect the body’s tissues, the infection will be inevitable.
To get in everyday life hepatitis C is impossible. The risk of infection by airborne droplets way is no: you cannot contract HIV through shaking hands, hugging, while eating and shared dishes. The incubation phase of hepatitis C may vary from 2 to 3 weeks, sometimes several months to years. The beginning stage is often accompanied by unbearable pain in the joints, fatigue, lethargy, problems with the digestive system, fever, and sometimes a manifestation of jaundice.
Usually the disease is detected incidentally during diagnosis of other diseases. After the acute phase has passed, people suffering from hepatitis can be cured at all, or be a carrier of this virus.
The transition to the chronic stage of the disease is very slow for many years, damaging the liver. In such cases, manifested by fibrosis (scarring of connective tissue), the liver does not change for a long time.
One of the first symptoms may be the following:
- increase or swelling of the abdomen;
- the manifestation of jaundice;
- vascular formation in the abdomen;
- the increase in fatigue.
Similar symptoms can also occur in liver cirrhosis. If the person is a carrier of hepatitis b, it will significantly worsen the condition of infected.
Diagnosis of the disease
To identify the hepatitis C virus you must take a blood biochemistry, tests for detection of antibodies and genotyping, a General analysis of blood, do ultrasound to check the abdominal cavity of the body and many other surveys. Studies should only be performed by medical professionals, self-medicate to deal with life-threatening.
In the presence of all required deliverables the specialist will be able to deliver more accurate diagnosis and determine the stage of development of malicious processes in the body. Carriers of hepatitis b will complicate the assessment and treatment of the patient. After the assessment of the state of the liver and all the necessary manipulations, the doctor will prescribe the correct and safe health treatment.
Carefully observing all prescribed by the specialist procedure, a carrier of hepatitis b and C should categorically renounce the use of alcoholic beverages and narcotic drugs. The whole process treatment should take place under the guidance of a doctor-hepatologist, which will help to avoid unpleasant consequences and additional costs.
For the cure of hepatitis it is useless to use traditional medicines: only professional medical treatment can help to get rid of the virus. Carrier of hepatitis C be sure to consult with your doctor about specific precautions in his family.
Prevention of hepatitis C can be a visit to specialized dental clinics, where they will be handled properly all the tools for treatment. You should always use your own personal hygiene products (toothbrushes, razors and other items). Do not use if the administration of drugs shared needles.
Should choose nail salons, or salons, where artists work only with gloves or be careful handling the workflow and hands. Through sexual contact with a carrier of hepatitis C, you must use a condom to reduce the risk of Contracting the virus.