The disease is virtually absent in countries with strict traditions, where alcohol is not welcome. In the same countries where alcoholism is practically the norm, the life expectancy of alcoholics is extremely low. And causes of death from cirrhosis are among the most frequent causes across the globe.
Long-term disease characterized hepatotoxic liver disease, called alcoholic cirrhosis. Subjected to intoxication in hepatocytes that die due to the increase in the level of ethanol in the blood.
What causes alcoholic liver cirrhosis?
The answer to this question, of course, obvious. The alcoholic liver cirrhosis is a consequence of the irrepressible uncontrolled consumption of alcohol. If the person is abusing a similar drink in 10-15 years, then 35% of people seen alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver.
The development of the disease is actually difficult. Cirrhosis is when all of the negative influences of different factors. So, cirrhosis of the liver can develop when the combination of the predisposition at the genetic level and long-term alcohol consumption, even in small doses. Gastroenterologists note the increasing risks of disease with available human gastro-intestinal diseases.
Ethyl alcohol, getting into the human body, exposes the liver is a very serious danger. After all, she has to fight the resulting free radicals. When this occurs, the damage to the liver cells. This place is formed of connective tissue that accumulates around the still healthy cells. They can no longer perform the functions for which intended. Thus, there are areas of healthy liver cells surrounded by connective tissue, normal liver function is disrupted, causing liver failure.
The symptoms of the disease
Signs of liver cirrhosis depend on the stage of development of the disease. The pathogenesis of the disease differs slow flow, so the symptoms of cirrhosis at first can be completely invisible. So, the initial stage of subcompensation defies diagnosis. There is very rarely a disorder, we can mention reducing cravings, the urge to nausea, symptoms of dyspepsia, weight loss. An important indicator will be a slight increase in the liver.
Decompensatory stage was more revealing. Following are the signs of alcoholic cirrhosis:
- syndrome fatigue;
- the gradual development of cachexia;
- in men, the appearance is similar to the female type;
- a manifestation of a tachycardia;
- venous diseases.
Alcoholic cirrhosis in the later stages becomes symptoms such as hepatic encephalopathy, damage to brain cells caused by alcohol. They can lead to personality changes, and impaired consciousness.
The consequence of alcoholism can become cirrhotic changes in the liver in the form of malignancy – hepatocellular carcinoma.
Therapeutic measures in cirrhotic patients
In order to begin treatment for alcoholic liver cirrhosis, you need to consult some experts, among which should be gastroenetrology, hepatologist, surgeon, psychiatrist and others.
The doctor, the patient and his relatives need to know that at the moment it is irreversible and an incurable disease. In the case of disease, the treatment aims to correct the complications and slow down the process of its development.
The path of treatment is chosen individually for each patient, the main requirement is a complete rejection alkogolesoderzhaschie drinks.
In the process of treatment is an important factor in dietary supplements and complexes of vitamins.
As maintenance therapy is applied Ademetionin conducive to the protection of cells and their partial recovery. Widely used glucocorticoid hormones, medications and drug products containing ursodeoxycholic acid.
Surgical complications at different stages of the pathogenesis of cirrhosis require a liver transplant, spleen removal, the establishment of a Blakemore tube, excision and suturing of the bleeding vein shunt operation. But none of these medical actions will not cure the disease, it may improve several symptoms and improve survival.
Prediction and prevention of the disease
How many people live suffering from alcoholic cirrhosis? This question concerns all who have faced this disease. The exact answer will not give any one doctor, but what is clear is that alcoholic cirrhosis compared to cirrhosis of other etiology has a more favorable prognosis. Support of family and friends, your own emotional state and the condition of the patient, and, more importantly, the financial situation play a significant role.
The life expectancy of the sick will still depend on the lifestyle itself. The use of alcoholic beverages, for example, in even small quantities when carrying out medical procedures will not bring relief and the expected results.
In terms of overall survival is also an important role plays the age and gender of the patient. For example, women with a diagnosis of “liver cirrhosis”, regardless of its causes, live much less than men with the same diagnosis.
Among preventive measures the first and most important place takes immediate drastic refusal of alcohol beverages. The exception is the terminal stage of the disease.
The patient must reconsider your diet. It should be of high protein content. As the diet recommended by table # 5.