01.03.2024

Melbourne toddler suffering from strep A and rushed to hospital had symptoms dismissed as common fever days earlier

A toddler is lucky to be alive after she spent two months in ICU battling a deadly infection that a doctor initially misdiagnosed as a fever. When Melbourne mother Sandeep Kaur took her sick 16-month-old to the GP, she was told her little girl Girsirat had a fever and assured there was no need for concern.

Within three days, Girsirat’s condition deteriorated and she was rushed to hospital after her hands, lips and feet turned blue and her skin became discoloured.

Girsirat was diagnosed with strep A and spent the next two months fighting for life in ICU suffering from various complications, including kidney failure, necrosis on her fingertips and severe swelling which left her unable to walk.

Her experience comes as authorities issue an urgent warning about the sickness following an unseasonal spike in severe cases across Australia.

Toddler Girsirat (pictured) is on the mend after being struck down with Strep A, an infection that almost claimed her life

The bacterial infection causes sore throats, scarlet fever, skin sores, affecting 750million worldwide and claims 500,000 lives each year.

If left untreated, the infection can enter the blood stream and cause life-threatening sepsis.

Cases of severe strep A in Aussie children have soared more than 500 per cent since the pandemic and almost the claimed of the life of Melbourne toddler Girsirat.

Ms Kaur has spoken out about the harrowing ordeal in the hope other parents spot symptoms early and get a second opinion if needed.

‘It was terrible, we never expected that,’ she told Seven News.

‘It was a very hard time for us. The GP said it was just a fever she’s having.’

Girsirat is still recovering from the life-threatening ordeal

‘It was such a difficult time, our baby had drains in her leg, two operations and required dialysis for 12 days,’ Ms Kaur said.

‘Thankfully, her fingertips were saved but she is yet to fully recover. I hope that a vaccine can be made for Strep A so no other child has to endure this.’

Strep A can cause severe life-threatening infections including toxic shock syndrome, flesh-eating disease as well as the post-infectious illnesses of acute rheumatic fever, rheumatic heart disease and kidney disease.

The number of children admitted to hospital with strep A rose from 23 in 2020 to 107 in 2022, according to Murdoch Children’s Research Institute found.

The elderly, pregnant women and Indigenous Australians are also at high risk.

Girsirat spent two months in ICU after her initial symptoms were misdiagnosed as a fever

Girsirat spent two months in ICU after her initial symptoms were misdiagnosed as a fever

It’s believed a combination of environmental factors and viruses in circulation has contributed to the concerning rise also seen in the northern hemisphere, despite the difference in seasons.

Reduced social contact during the pandemic may have also impacted on children’s immunity to Strep A.

‘Increases in Strep A cases have been reported around the world, occurring during, and outside of, typical spring peaks,’ Murdoch Institute’s Dr Yara-Natalie Abo said.

‘More research is needed into whether new strains might be responsible.’

‘Strep A most commonly causes mild symptoms like sore throat, but in some children it can cause life threatening sepsis which requires early recognition and treatment. The global burden of Strep A is an unmet public health challenge.’

The recent spike in strep A cases in Australia has renewed calls for a vaccine.

Murdoch Children’s Research Institute researchers are currently working towards an effective and accessible vaccine which they hope will be available to the public within five years.

‘We would like to think in the next 12 to 24 months, we could show proof of concept of a good vaccine that we can then take through to further trials,’ Professor Andrew Steer said.

‘A vaccine for strep A will save hundreds of thousands of live every year and prevent millions of infections that send children and adults to the hospital or doctor.’

HOW DOES STREP A SPREAD?

What is Strep A?

Group A Streptococcus (Group A Strep or Strep A) bacteria can cause many different infections.

The bacteria are commonly found in the throat and on the skin, and some people have no symptoms.

Infections caused by Strep A range from minor illnesses to serious and deadly diseases.

They include the skin infection impetigo, scarlet fever and strep throat.

While the vast majority of infections are relatively mild, sometimes the bacteria cause an illness called invasive Group A Streptococcal disease.

What is invasive Group A Streptococcal disease?

Invasive Group A Strep disease is sometimes a life-threatening infection in which the bacteria have invaded parts of the body, such as the blood, deep muscle or lungs.

Two of the most severe, but rare, forms of invasive disease are necrotising fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome.

Necrotising fasciitis is also known as the ‘flesh-eating disease’ and can occur if a wound gets infected.

Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a rapidly progressing infection causing low blood pressure/shock and damage to organs such as the kidneys, liver and lungs.

This type of toxic shock has a high death rate.

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