The main culprits for the occurrence of angina are bacteria and viruses: adenoviruses, streptococci, pneumococci and staphylococci. The latter cause the disease more often. They are able to enter the body upon contact of a child with an infected object or by airborne droplets. Microorganisms do not immediately make themselves felt. They can be present in the body for a long time and do not cause health problems. But once there are favorable factors for their active reproduction, inflammation begins.
Factors include a sharp decrease in immunity, occurring against the background of local or general hypothermia, poor nutrition, overwork or other diseases.
Otitis, sinusitis, rhinitis, adenoiditis, and even dental caries can be the cause of angina in children. It often occurs as an exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis or develops after contact with an infected person.
Symptoms of tonsillitis
There are several types of sore throats, which are classified according to the causative agent of the disease and the depth of the tonsils, but they are united by the following symptoms:
- temperature rise;
- sore throat, manifested when swallowing;
- weakness and general malaise;
- sore throat;
- sleep disturbance and appetite.
Obvious signs of angina in a child can be detected by examining the oral cavity – this is redness of the palate, pharyngeal walls and tonsils. Tonsils often grow in size and become loose, and a patina may form on their surface. Sore throat in children is accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes and the occurrence of a hoarse voice. In some cases, vomiting, coughing or diarrhea may occur.
When herpes sore or viral sore throat on the tonsils does not form plaque. They are covered with small red blisters that turn into sores.
Treatment of angina
You should not put a sore throat on a par with a common cold or ARVI. This disease is dangerous and can lead to complications. Her treatment must be approached seriously and it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Penicillin drugs are often prescribed – Ampioks, Amoxicillin, Flucloxacillin, or less toxic cephalosporins – Ceftriaxone, Cefix, and macrolides – Azicide, Azithromycin, Sumamed, Hemomycin. Antibiotics for sore throat in children should be taken according to the scheme and not stop their use even after improving the condition.
Therapy is complemented by local treatment. To do this, conduct daily gargle with infusions of herbs chamomile, eucalyptus, calendula, sage, or antiseptic solutions – furatsilina, potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide. It helps to clear tonsils from plaque, accumulation of pus and nikrotichesky tissues. Rinsing with solutions reduces inflammation and has an antimicrobial effect. Sprays can be used as a local treatment, for example, Ingallipt, Lugol, and for older children lozenges or lozenges.
Herpes or sore throat in children is treated with antiviral drugs – Vatsiklovir, Acyclovir. Be sure to include in the treatment of drugs to improve immunity, as well as antipyretic and antihistamines. Additionally, local treatment is carried out: irrigation of the tonsils, inhalation or rinsing.