The term “maternity capital” is well known and is, it can be said, heard by many citizens of the Russian Federation, but when it comes to specific cases, many questions arise. One of such cases is the birth of two (or more) children at once during the first birth, because the birth is first, but at the same time the child appears second. And is not doubled the sum for such double happiness? How and in what amount is maternity capital paid in this case?
To begin with, we clarify the term itself – Maternity capital. In fact, these are some funds paid by the state to families where the second, third or subsequent children were born or were adopted after January 1, 2007. At the expense of these funds, it is possible to improve housing conditions, as well as they can be spent on educating children or on a future mother’s pension.
As you can see, the list of possible spending of these funds is very limited, but such is the law and there have been no cases of refusal of this remuneration. Of course, maternal capital cannot significantly improve the general financial situation of the family, but this is not its main goal. This is more like a stimulating, premium payout for improving demographics in a country.
You can get this capital only 1 time, at least for the second, at least for the third or for the next of the children born after 01/01/2007. Moreover, it will not be possible to use these funds immediately, but only after 3 years from the birth of a child, although there are exceptions here, which we will discuss below
Maternity capital is not issued in cash, these funds are in the accounts of the Pension Fund (PFR), and the right to dispose of them gives a certificate that must be issued in a pension fund.
Initially, the amount of maternity capital was 250,000 rubles. But annually the size of these payments is recalculated and increases taking into account inflation. To date, this amount is 429,408 rubles.
If the parents give birth to twins, even if they were the first birth, the amount will remain the same, because the reward is given for the birth (adoption) of the second child, and not for the order of birth. At the same time, who was the first, who is the second, when twins were born, the state does not matter. Contrary to the erroneous opinion that the twins born will bring a double amount, it is necessary to clarify that the payment is made only once, if the second or subsequent children appeared in the family after 01.01.2007, it does not matter whether they were born in the same birth or not. So at birth twins, even if this is the first birth. the family will receive maternity capital in the usual amount.
The start of the Maternity Capital program is January 1, 2007. It was from this date that payments began to be made for the birth or adoption of a second or subsequent children. The program completion date, as set forth in the Maternity Capital Act, is December 31, 2016. Further, it may be extended or will undergo any changes. Perhaps payments will be made only in certain regions where the demographic situation is most vulnerable. There can be many options, but until the end of 2016, this program will operate in the form in which it operates now.
Who can be given maternity capital
As a rule, a certificate for maternity capital is issued for the mother who gave birth or adopted a second or subsequent children from the beginning of 2007. The fathers also have the right to receive these payments. As the sole adoptive father, the same requirements for registration are presented, plus a judicial opinion on adoption. And they rely all the same payments, as in other cases. Maternal capital may also be issued to a father if the mother has lost the right to receive it, as well as if birth or adoption has taken place since January 1, 2007 and before that maternity capital has not been paid.
In the event of the death or deprivation of the parents of their parental rights, the right to receive maternity capital passes to children (in equal shares).
Conditions for obtaining
The main conditions for obtaining maternity capital are only 2 factors – this is citizenship and the time of birth / adoption of the child. Requirements for obtaining maternity capital:
- The person for whom the certificate will be issued (usually the mother) must be a citizen of the Russian Federation.
- The citizenship of the child born, on which maternity capital will be registered, must be Russian, and it must be registered immediately after birth.
- Children undergoing registration must be born or adopted in the period from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2016.
The same requirements apply to parents and children in families where twins appeared.
Documents for obtaining a certificate
In order to manage the funds provided by the parent capital, first you need to issue and receive a certificate. This document is registered, it can only be obtained by a person with this right. The transfer of the certificate to third parties is not provided. To obtain a certificate, you need to contact the office of the Pension Fund of Russia at the place of registration.
There, for registration of maternity capital, including if twins were born, it will be necessary to fill out the relevant applications and attach the following documents:
- Passport of the person with the right to receive capital;
- Birth certificates of all children in the family;
- In adoption – a court decision on adoption;
- Certificate of compulsory pension insurance;
- Documents proving the Russian citizenship of children and the person receiving the certificate.
As a rule, it is not required to leave the originals of documents in the Pension Fund department, employees only make copies and return the originals to the owners. You can also immediately bring along with the originals and copies of documents. If this procedure is not provided for in any branch of the Pension Fund, the visitor has the right to make copies of it himself, to notify them and notify them by mail.
Terms of registration and receipt
You can start issuing a certificate at any time, even tens of years after the birth or adoption of a child, for whom capital will be issued, this issue is not limited by law. But more often this is done immediately after registration from the hospital. About one month is allotted for consideration of an application for a certificate. And another 5 calendar days to notify the applicant of the decision on his application. At the end of this period, the applicant receives a response authorizing the receipt of a certificate, or a reasoned refusal with an explanation of the reasons. In case of disagreement with the decision, the applicant may file a claim with a higher authority of the Pension Fund at the place of residence or in court.
Having received a certificate for maternity capital, a parent receives the right to use these funds only 3 years after the birth / adoption of the child. on which capital is issued. However, there is an exception to this rule that allows the use of maternity capital assets earlier. If the family needs funds to pay off the mortgage loan taken for the purchase or construction of housing, then you can contact the Pension Fund for maternity capital as soon as a certificate is issued, without waiting three years.
Maternal capital can be spent in parts at different times, or vice versa can be kept on the account for years, in this state also does not limit its citizens. Moreover, the amount of maternity capital or its balance is annually indexed for inflation.
At the moment, the State Duma has a bill on the creation of special accounts for all certificate holders on maternity capital, so that you can take advantage of the percentage of the total amount even before three years have passed or even if the entire amount remains on the account unclaimed. So far, such a law has not been adopted and it remains to adhere to the general rules on maternity capital.
Payments of maternity capital in case of death
In the end, we will touch upon such an unpleasant, but also demanded topic, as the payment of maternal capital in the event of the death of one of the twins or the second (or more) child on whom the capital was to be issued. The question arises: will maternity capital be paid in this case? The law provides for a similar situation as follows: if the child for whom the maternity capital was to be executed died during childbirth, then the capital is not paid. If the child lived for several days and died during the first week, then a birth certificate must be issued for him, which means that registration of maternity capital is also possible.
Maternal capital is a means of remuneration and stimulation by the state of its citizens to the birth of more than one child. Thus, the state solves demographic problems and at the same time supports its citizens. Maybe someone is not happy with the amount of payments, someone does not like limiting the goals for which this amount can be spent, but somehow the state gives its citizens additional opportunities and support for the birth of several children.