In order for a first-aid kit for children to be a useful object in the house, it is important to follow a number of rules when collecting it. All drugs must be labeled “allowed from 3 to 7 years old” or other, including this particular age. It is important to constantly check the shelf life and integrity of the packaging of drugs, if the medicine is overdue even for a day, you need to throw everything out.
If the children are sick or have developed an acute emergency, there is no time to read the instructions and search for data on the Internet or at the doctor. Therefore, it is necessary to sign the dose and method of taking the drug, if there is no such data on the package.
It is forbidden to transfer drugs for children in other boxes and jars, especially with adult drugs and vice versa. It threatens with drug poisoning.
Do not use adult forms of drugs, even if you can reduce the dosage. It threatens with side effects and overdose. To dispense drugs you should always have a measuring spoon, syringe or cup. Preparations in the first-aid kit can be divided into groups – against pain, high fever, cough and rhinitis, etc.
By the period of three years, many children begin to attend kindergarten, which leads not only to new acquaintances and emotions, but also to new and frequent diseases in the adaptation period. In order to be able to provide assistance promptly and quickly, while safely providing assistance, you need to have on hand a special first aid kit designed for a preschool child. It should include not only dressing materials with a thermometer to measure the temperature, but also some medications to eliminate severe pain, reduce a runny nose or cough, alleviate the general condition. Let’s put together a preschooler’s first-aid kit.
First aid kit for children and adults: what is the difference?
Usually, an adult first-aid kit, if it exists at all, consists of bandages, patches, and possibly Aspirin and Analgin, complete with activated carbon, preparations for diarrhea. But the first-aid kit for children, especially those who have reached the age of three, should be special; the use of adult preparations, especially those that have been kept since the time of the “King of Peas”, is prohibited.
It is necessary to allocate a separate box, signing it and collecting inside all the medicines that may be needed if the children fall ill. All medicines should be selected strictly according to age, and they should be stored in a cool, dry place (closed cabinet shelf, a separate box on the wall). Some medicines require refrigerated storage on a separate shelf.
Temperature-reducing drugs for children
The most common causes of medication in childhood are fever due to overheating, poisoning, infections or other problems. At the age of 3 to 7 years, drugs with paracetamol in syrups or powders actively help with fever. They are effective in the presence of viral infections, help to eliminate not only the temperature, but also pain, but do not have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Also, the temperature is actively reduced when using drugs with ibuprofen. The tool is active in viral and microbial infections, helps to eliminate both pain and heat, and inflammatory processes.
Drug administration is indicated only when the temperature rises above 38.5 and above, or at any temperature against the background of susceptibility to seizures and the presence of serious neurological pathologies. Systematically not used, shown only in the presence of fever.
Remedies for pain in the ears, pharynx and not only
To relieve pain in the ears as a result of inflammation, it should be stored in the first-aid kit Otipaks drops, they will help to alleviate the condition until the child is examined by a doctor. To relieve pain in the pharynx, Miramistin solutions, Tantum Verde spray, Bioparox, Hexoral-spray are used.
Often, children develop a skin rash and severe itching, vesicles. To cope with such allergic symptoms can antihistamines in drops or syrup, tablets. You can put in the first-aid kit Fenistil or Tavegil.
As an emergency first aid tool for acute reaction, Suprastin tablets are needed (for children under 6 years, the dosage is 1/3 tablets).
If you have a cold or cough
Runny nose and cough are among the most frequent manifestations of ARVI that interfere with the normal life of the child. To normalize the appetite and ease sleep, a general condition, often require medications for a cold and a remedy to eliminate cough. Frequent rinsing with seawater or salt solutions can alleviate a runny nose. Spray should be placed in the first-aid kit. In addition, vasoconstrictive droplets or sprays can be effective in the acute stage of a head cold.
You can put in a first aid kit Nazivin children, Otrivin-Bebi, Nazol, or other age-appropriate drugs.
When coughing, the main task will be to transfer a dry and painful unproductive cough into a wet one, with agitating. To do this, put in the first-aid kit ACC-children, Ambroxol go Lazolvan, Ambrobene. Ideally, it is worth buying an ultrasonic or compressor inhaler with which you can breathe various solutions. They are effective in the common cold and cough, spasm of the bronchi and many other processes.
As the dry cough passes into a wet one, you need the use of expectorant drugs that help the secretion of sputum and improve condition. Erespal or Gerbion in syrups will be useful.
Preparations for the digestive system
In the presence of diarrhea or vomiting, it is prohibited to use any drugs without a doctor. In the first aid kit for poisoning and intestinal infections, only sorbents can be used (spectrum, polypheps and others), as well as special powder bags for preparing glucose-salt solutions for unsoldering.
You can also use glucose solutions and saline in vials. There should be no antibiotics, intestinal antiseptics and other drugs (antidiarrheal, antiemetic) in the children’s first-aid kit. Their use without a doctor’s admission can only worsen the condition of children, which will lead to hospitalization.