Vitamin deficiency is a disease that occurs due to the complete absence of any one vitamin in our diet. The regular use of sandwiches, fast food and sweet soda leads to a lack of vitamins in the body. The reason can also be poor ecology and modern products, in which there are less and less vitamins.
What are the symptoms of vitamin deficiency? In order not to confuse your ailment with vitamin deficiency, read in our material the main signs of a lack of vitamins.
Paying attention to the symptoms, you can find out what kind of vitamin is missing in your body.
- Pallor, peeling, hair loss, nausea and loss of appetite. Reason : Biotin deficiency in the body.
- Chronic weakness and fatigue, dizziness, anemia. Reason : lack of B12 (cobalmin) in the body.
- Reduced immunity (especially to colds), frequent bruising on the skin (for no apparent reason), bleeding gums, poor wound healing. Reason : Vitamin A deficiency (Ascorbic acid).
- Graying and hair loss, peeling of the skin, loss of strength, burning sensation in the feet, gastrointestinal disorders. Reason : Pantothenic acid deficiency.
- Cracks on the lips, seizures, cheylosis, inflammatory processes on the skin (dermatitis), impaired color perception, anemia. Reason : lack of B2 (riboflavin).
- Anemia, weakness, fatigue, upset stool, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, during pregnancy – miscarriage, congenital diseases of the newborn. Reason : folic acid deficiency.
- Decreased appetite, poor sleep, excessive irritability, weakness, impaired heart function, edema. Reason : Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency.
- Decreased immunity, a tendency to bronchopulmonary colds, worsening visual acuity (especially at dusk), dryness, acne and peeling of the skin, dryness of the inner surfaces of the vagina, impaired reproductive function of the ovaries, furunculosis, impaired hair structure and growth. Reason : Vitamin A (retinol) deficiency.
- Deterioration of blood coagulability, tendency to bleeding. Reason : Vitamin K deficiency.
- Impaired growth and preservation of bones and teeth. Increased nervous irritability and a tendency to muscle cramps, especially gastrocnemius. Tendency to bone fractures and their slow fusion. Reason : lack of vitamin D (calciferol).
- Anemia-anemia, sharp headaches, leg cramps, increased tendency to destroy red cells, infertility. Reason : lack of vitamin E (tocopherol).
- Decreased appetite, excessive irritability, frequent nervous breakdowns. Depressive state, frequent headaches, anemia, changes in the mucous membranes of the tongue, dermatitis, appearance of age spots on the arms and legs, increased tendency to dental caries, predisposition to seizures, sclerotic vascular changes. Reason : lack of vitamin B 6 (pyridoxine).
- Decreased appetite, lethargy, apathy, sleep loss, irritability, nervousness, pallor and dryness of the skin, inflammatory skin changes under the influence of light (photodermatosis), frequent dizziness, exhaustion, painful weight loss. Reason : lack of PP (niacin).
How to avoid a lack of vitamins?
To feel good, you need to eat well, so it is very important to adhere to a balanced diet rich in nutrients. However, most people do not receive many vitamins and minerals that satisfy the basic needs of the body. Here’s what you should pay attention to first.
Do you constantly feel tired, weak and short of breath? You may be iron deficient. You are not alone, as it is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in the world, especially among women, preschool children, vegetarians and vegans.
Every cell in your body needs iron to saturate the blood with oxygen. To raise iron levels, eat oysters, chicken, turkey, iron-rich cereals, spinach and lentils. To improve iron absorption, consume it with foods rich in vitamin C, such as oranges, bell peppers, strawberries, and kale.
This nutrient deserves a place under the sun due to its ability to strengthen bones, fight infections, improve brain health and cheer up. Vitamin D is only produced when your skin is exposed to sunlight.
Fortunately, vitamin D deficiency can be avoided by not only spending time in the sun every day, but also by consuming milk, yoghurts, egg yolks and oily fish.
If your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells to function properly, then vitamin B12 deficiency may be the cause. But your diet can help you avoid or eliminate a deficiency.
Vitamin B12 is found only in foods of animal origin – milk, yogurt, cheese, fish, chicken and turkey. Vegetarians, vegans, and seniors should look for fortified foods: vegetable milk, breakfast cereals, and meat substitutes, or eat supplements.
This powerful mineral is essential for maintaining healthy teeth and bones, as well as for controlling the functions of muscles, nerves and hormones. If you do not have enough calcium to support these important functions, the body will take it from the bones, which will increase the risk of osteoporosis.
That is why your plate must have cheese, yogurt, milk, fish, tofu, leafy greens and fortified foods. Keep in mind that you will also need enough vitamin D and magnesium to get the most out of this mineral.
Electrolytes are found not only in sports drinks. Magnesium is an indispensable electrolyte and mineral that is needed for every function, tissue and cell of your body. It is found in whole grains, herbs, cashews, black beans and even dark chocolate.
Avoid unpleasant symptoms and health problems associated with vitamin deficiencies from food. Be healthy!