The human papillomavirus (HPV) – a widespread disease that is transmitted sexually, and around the world millions of women are infected with this virus. The world health organization (who) notes that this disease is one of the main reasons for the development of cervical cancer (cervical carcinoma). (The cervix is called the lower narrow part of the uterus, passes into the vagina).
Every year around the world hundreds of thousands of people striking for HPV and cervical cancer related to HPV kills thousands of women. This malignant tumor is the leading cause of death for women in developing countries, and the prevalence ranked second after cancer of the uterus among all malignant tumors of the female genital organs.
The HPV affects both women and men – genital develop warts, including genital warts. Usually the warts are not malignant. Types of HPV there are more than hundreds, and cancer can lead to name a few. Papillomas can occur on the genitals, but also on the skin of the body, the face and neck, the mucous membrane of the mouth, nose, throat, in the bladder. Papilloma is formed as a hard or soft tumor on the stem to 1-2 cm in size, with a rough surface, resembling a cauliflower.
In malignant tumor can be reborn only those genital warts that are long stored and is caused by certain type of HPV. The immune system, most types of human papilloma virus do not cause disease.
Infection with papilloma (HPV).
Most often HPV infection is sexually transmitted during any contact: genital, oral or anal sex. The human papillomavirus is mostly threatening to the women who had early sexual activity, having many sexual partners, or when their partner promiscuous. Often carriers of the virus are men, because they have an HPV infection is usually asymptomatic.
Sometimes this virus can be spread to women, leading a moral lifestyle and women who have not had sexual relations ever. Recent studies have shown that HPV can infected child at birth from the mother, and also the pathogen can be transmitted contact-household, or the other way (through a kiss, a touch, hygiene items). And the disease may not emerge immediately, but only many years after infection.
Diagnosis of HPV.
Since the illness usually doesn’t manifest itself, to determine whether the infected woman human papillomavirus, mainly helps cytological examination of the cells of the cervix – PAP smear, also called Papanicolaou test (American doctor Georgios Papanikolaou, a Greek by origin, first applied the method of staining cells to examine them under a microscope).
A PAP smear taken from the cervix – the doctor with a spatula or brush scrapes cells. Then these cells are examined in the laboratory under a microscope to detect infection, inflammation or malignancy. It is found that such preventive care has reduced the incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer.
The world health organization reports that Cytology is still the main method of early diagnosis of cervical pathology. Thanks to this study tracks the slightest changes in the cells. If any of the changes, conduct a colposcopy – using a special instrument with a magnifying lens to examine the affected part. In case of suspected cancer, do a biopsy and start treatment.
Now used more sophisticated research methods that allow you to make a more accurate diagnosis of the disease. Scientists continue to develop more effective and affordable methods for diagnosis of HPV infection. In addition, we are constantly searching for a vaccine to prevent HPV for the treatment of infected people.
Treatment of human papillomavirus.
Treatment of HPV infection is carried out in several ways: antiviral drugs (including topical) and drugs that enhance the immune system. To remove infected and damaged tissue is used electrocoagulation, cryotherapy and laser therapy.
Prevention of papillomas (HPV).
Prevention of HPV – moral way of life. Experts suggest HPV is to not have sex before marriage and say that the best protection against cervical cancer is the mutual dedication of the spouses.
Knowledge about the disease, which causes HPV also serve prevention. You should know that the disease is treatable, even if there are external signs of HPV and when the disease progresses. The who reports that discovered at a very early stage, cervical cancer is almost always curable.
Regular gynecological examination of women and PAP smear. American scientists for research on cancer advise women to undergo such examination of 18 or with onset of sexual activity. This helps to detect signs of cervical cancer and the time to begin treatment. Such examination and accurate diagnosis helps women to avoid two extremes: 1) to underestimate the seriousness of the disease and neglect the doctor’s recommendations, which will lead to the development of cancer and 2) to avoid panic and not to expose themselves needlessly operations.
Smoking cessation and good nutrition. Important role in HPV prevention played by the Smoking cessation and proper nutrition: include in your diet more vegetables and fruits, cereals and bread products. Studies have shown that to reduce the risk of cervical essential vitamins: a, E and C, folic acid.