The drugs in question are included in one pharmacological group of antihistamines. They are used as therapy to quickly relieve symptoms during allergic attacks. They contain an identical active substance, therefore they are analogues of each other. They are produced in the same dosage form, have general indications, contraindications, are taken according to a similar scheme. Forbidden to pregnant and lactating women, children under one year of age.
Despite the similar properties, there are certain differences between them:
Composition. These drugs contain the same active components, but different excipients. Due to this, the effect on the body may differ.
The country of manufacture. Cetrin is available in India; Cetirizine is a Russian drug.
Price. The cost of the first medicine is a little more expensive and is about 170 rubles per pack of 20 tablets. The second tool can be purchased for about 70 rubles, which is its plus.
In addition, the production technology is different, the degree of purification of the starting components, which may affect the occurrence of side effects.
Both drugs are quite effective and are equally popular. Patient reviews confirm that after use, significant relief is felt. You can start treatment with a cheaper Russian Tsetrin, and if necessary replace it with a more expensive one. But do not forget if one of the drugs does not fit, that is, the probability that the other does not fit, since the active component is identical. In this case, you should look at the drugs with a different composition.
Before use, consult a doctor. Only he can choose the necessary drug, the exact dosage and duration of treatment. This will minimize all adverse reactions and speed up the treatment process. This is especially true of the elderly, as well as those who have chronic diseases of the internal organs.
Allergic reactions affect a huge number of people of different ages. Unpleasant symptoms may come at the most inopportune moment. To alleviate the condition, special medicines are used. The pharmaceutical market is filled with a variety of allergy medications, so many are wondering what is best to choose. On the positive side, Cetrin and Cetirizine have proven themselves. This article will help to understand their basic properties, similarities and differences.
Characterization of the drug Cetrin
It is an anti-allergic drug that is part of the group of antihistamines. Slows and alleviates the course of allergy symptoms, helps reduce itching. In addition, it eliminates the increased permeability of blood vessels and the release of fluid into the tissues, which leads to a decrease in edema, and also relieves smooth muscle spasms.
It is made in the form of tablets, film-coated, syrup and drops for oral administration. After administration, it is rapidly absorbed, the action occurs after 20 minutes.
Indications for use include:
- Seasonal or persistent allergic inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
- An allergic reaction to plant pollen.
- Nettle fever.
- All types of allergic dermatosis with concomitant itching and skin rashes.
- Quincke’s edema.
Application is unacceptable in the following cases:
- Children under the age of six (syrup is available for children from one year old).
- The period of gestation, breastfeeding.
- Renal failure at the stage of life-threatening.
- High susceptibility to incoming components.
Use with caution in case of chronic kidney pathologies, persons with urinary retention, with epilepsy, as well as elderly people.
During the reception, unwanted side effects can be detected:
- Gastrointestinal aggravation, including diarrhea.
- Nausea, dry mouth.
- Headache, dizziness, general weakness.
- Decreased sensitivity, upset taste.
- Spasmodic muscle contraction.
- Fainting conditions.
- Aggressive behavior, irritation to others, apathy, depression.
- Decreased visual clarity, involuntary oscillatory eye movements.
- Increased heart rate.
- Weight gain.
- Excessive liver function.
When the occurrence and intensification of adverse reactions, the reception should be stopped by informing the doctor. In case of overdose urgently do gastric lavage, induce vomiting, take activated charcoal.
Characterization of the drug Cetirizine
It is a drug that blocks histamine receptors, which leads to an easier course of allergic reactions. Practically does not affect nerve impulses and the production of serotonin, does not cause hypnotic effect. Available in tablets, drops, syrup. It begins to act an hour after administration.
Indications for use are:
- Seasonal allergic diseases, accompanied by damage to the eyes, nose, skin, respiratory tract.
- Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, skin.
- Angioneurotic edema.
Contraindicated in renal failure, pregnancy, lactation, intolerance to the components. Use with caution in children under one year of age and older people with kidney problems.
The drug is tolerated in most cases calmly, exceptions may be:
- Dry mouth.
- Tendency to sleep, fatigue.
- Violations of the digestive system.
During therapy, it is recommended to avoid work requiring increased care, potentially hazardous activities, as well as restrict driving by road. This is due to a possible deterioration in the speed of reactions.