Calcium is the health of human bones and teeth. This statement is familiar even to children. Calcium-based preparations are an excellent way to normalize blood coagulation, reduce muscle contraction and ensure important vital processes.
Calcium gluconate is a common medication that helps in violation of calcium metabolism.
There are two forms of release, allowing to fill the lack of substance: tablets and injections. It is important to know how and when it is best to use the drug so as not to harm the body.
Calcium Gluconate in tablet form
The first form of release is tablets. Contains 500 mg of active substance. Advantages: it has no taste, the tablet can be easily swallowed. Packaging options: 10 and 20 pieces each. The drug is prescribed for children and adults.
Tablets are taken before or after meals. It is important to chew the tablet and drink it with milk. The daily dose for adults is 9 g per day, it must be divided into 3 doses. The dosage for the baby is 0.5 g, the child under 4 years old is 1 g. Then, every 2 years, 0.5 g is added.
Important information: during pregnancy and lactation, the maximum dose is 9 g per day. The elderly should consume no more than 2 g per day.
Calcium gluconate in the form of injections (solution)
The injections are for intravenous or intramuscular administration. Positive influence:
- Bringing the body to normal work.
- Restoring the function responsible for the exchange of calcium.
- The beneficial effects on the work of the heart.
Injections are recommended for use by people over 14 years old. Intravenous administration is carried out in a hospital, the intramuscular method is suitable for independent use. The drug is able to relieve colds and allergic reactions.
The drugs have the same indications for use and side effects. Information is presented in the table.
|Low amount of calcium in the body
|Lowering blood pressure
|The permeability of cell membranes exceeds the permissible value
|There are malfunctions in the nerve impulses
|An excess of ions (in case of overdose)
|Vitamin D deficiency
|Conditions requiring increased calcium intake
|Malfunctioning of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, diarrhea)
|Long stay in bed caused by taking various drugs
|Tooth growth period
Cases in which pills and injections complement the main therapy:
- Itching of the skin.
- The presence of urticaria.
- Blood stop in gynecological diseases.
- Relieving the symptoms of dystrophy.
- Removal of toxic substances from the liver.
When taking any dosage form, it is important to monitor compliance with the prescribed dose. This will help to avoid the development of various complications.
The drug should not be taken simultaneously with:
- Medicines containing iron.
The reason for the restrictions is that calcium minimizes the effect of the described preparations.
Comparison of drugs, how they differ from each other
Differences of drugs are given in the table.
|Who is suitable for
|Adults and children
|Adults, children are prescribed only intravenous form
|The likelihood of developing a necrotic tissue reaction
|There is a risk with intramuscular administration of the drug (if the rules are not followed)
|Method of admission
|Before or after a few minutes
|Pills are taken every day
|Various administration schemes are possible: every day, after 1 day, after 2 days
|The need for large amounts of water
|There is a need, this avoids the development of urolithiasis
|No need for increased fluid intake
What is suitable for various occasions
Intravenous administration of the drug is warranted in the following cases:
- Often there are allergic reactions.
- There are kidney diseases (nephritis).
- Lesions of the liver.
- Vascular permeability is at a high level (the drug serves to stop blood flow).
- Poisoning of a different nature.
- Itching of the skin.
Intravenous administration of the drug can relieve boils, persistent colds. For the treatment of rheumatism, a dosage of 10 ml (in a vein) is used.
Important information: children are shown only the introduction of the drug into the vein. The reason is that intramuscular injection can cause tissue necrosis. Wounds will heal for a long time.
Calcium gluconate is injected into the muscle if taking the pill for some reason is not possible. It is important to choose the softest part of the muscle. The medicine should be administered slowly, the required time is 3-5 minutes. Be sure to use a clean syringe, which is cleaned from drops of ethyl alcohol.
The benefits of injecting into a muscle:
- Lack of pain.
- There are no bumps or bruises.
- Speed of action.
- Instant penetration into the bloodstream.
Before injections, it is important to exclude renal failure and impaired functioning of the heart and lungs. It is also important to prevent taking the drug with excess calcium in the body.
Calcium gluconate in the form of injections helps with allergic reactions if the cause of the disease is a lack of calcium ions. The medicine can be prescribed for adults and children. The main condition – it is also necessary to use antihistamines.
Colds are also treated with a drug. You can give pills or prescribe injections. Positive reviews indicate the effectiveness of the drug during the growth of the child.