Pathological changes in the upper Airways cause a lot of inconvenience and give serious cause for worries. Therefore, you should pay attention to any negative symptoms and timely treatment of the identified pathology.
Sore throat and dry cough for a long period of time can be signs of many diseases, which include laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis and tonsillitis in the chronic form. They are caused by bacterial and viral microflora in the absence of timely treatment are able to remain in the human body is constantly in the form of a carriage. This becomes a major factor in the development of frequent colds, especially in autumn-winter and spring periods. Any short-term hypothermia, mental and physical fatigue, stress, and pathogenic microflora is out of control immune system.
In addition, the sore throat and dry cough for a long period of time can be present in neurosis of the larynx, diabetes, allergies, the initial stage of bronchial asthma, thyroid disease and even herniated in the cervical spine. How to identify the cause of this condition, and what to do, how to treat this disease, we will talk in this article. If you have any questions, you can ask them the specialist using the form to comment.
When the disease persists sore throat and dry cough for a long time?
In what forms of pathologies lasting sore throat and dry cough, mentioned above. Now let us consider more details on each type of pathology. In various diseases there are specific groups of symptoms that identify the disease and differential diagnosis. By comparing the typical groups of traits can easily make a preliminary diagnosis. But for the patient this information will be useful in the selection of the corresponding profile of the expert.
Let’s start with the inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, because in practice they lead the list of causes of prolonged dry cough and sore throat:
- acute pharyngitis and nasopharyngitis is characterized by a sore throat, intechange, nasal congestion, General malaise and fever up to subfebrile figures;
- laryngitis and tracheitis can be distinguished by a characteristic change in the tone of voice with the defeat of the vocal cords and the slit (the voice becomes hoarse and low, and sometimes is lost altogether);
- the lesions of the Palatine and nasopharyngeal tonsils are always accompanied by high body temperature (above 38.5 degrees Celsius), muscle and headaches, severe muscle weakness, trouble swallowing;
- the chronic form of obstructive bronchitis also can give this symptom, but here to the fore the complaints of the patients for shortness of breath and difficulty when making a breath.
It is always worthwhile to eliminate the possibility of allergic reactions. Usually allergies develop gradually over a long period of time – from 2 weeks to 3 months. All this time, inhalation potential allergen (trigger) a person may experience sore throat and dry cough, which are complemented by nasal congestion, sneezing, watery and reddish eyes. Body temperature is maintained within normal limits. All the symptoms disappear almost immediately, if the patient is recommended to the intake of antihistamines.
To conduct this test at home can anyone for a long time concerned about unreasonable scratchy throat and dry cough without sputum. Enough to buy over the counter pills “Kestin”, “Effective” or “Ketotifen” and take each day 1 tablet.
If within 2-3 days the symptoms will be, then you should immediately run to the allergist to identify the allergen. If this is not done, then in the near future, the probability of development of bronchial asthma or allergic reactions of immediate type (anaphylactic shock, angioedema).
Allergic form of sore throat is always closely interrelated with the action of allergens. The symptom appears at certain times with always the same circumstances. For example, when injected in a particular room or when you exit to the street, filled with plants. When Troubleshooting action trigger signs are themselves.
Neurological nature constant sore throat and dry cough are more complex and affects the process of innervation. This files most often diagnosed dorsal hernia of intervertebral discs in the cervical spine. Here come the radicular nerves that are responsible for innervation of the tissues of the throat and larynx. If they infringed on the background of protrusion of the intervertebral disc, the process is broken. There is a reflex irritation and the cough reflex. There is stiffness, neck pain, worse after prolonged static load.
May be accompanying headache, dizziness of orthostatic character (when dizzy with a sharp rise from a sitting position). Need advice neurologist, and imaging the cervical spine. Similarly, this method can manifest the neurosis of pharynx. Distinguishing feature – a bronchiodialator, mucolytic and antitussive drugs do not help to eliminate dry cough. And gargling and drink warm water do not remove the feeling of dryness and sore throat.
How to treat?
How to identify a particular disease, have talked. And now about how to treat the disease with the aim of eliminating sore throat and a dry cough that persist for a long time. First and foremost is to eliminate chronic bacterial and viral forms of upper respiratory tract infections. It is necessary to visit an otolaryngologist and the therapist, to make fluorography and to obtain a complete blood count. In cases of difficult diagnosis may be shown holding a bronchoscopy.
Then you want to consult a neurologist who will rule out lesions of the spine and Central nervous system. After identifying the cause of the symptom is assigned etiotropic treatment that are aimed at its elimination. When bacterial colonization and carriage of antibiotic therapy based on the results of bachanalia on the sensitivity of microflora to antibiotics. Virus carriers treated with immunomodulating and antiviral drugs. Allergy is assigned to the correction of the immune status and antihistamines.
Only the complete elimination of the causes will help to cure sore throat and dry cough, without any of these methods, symptomatic treatment will be absolutely useless.
Patients are encouraged to increase the drinking regime and drink a day at least 2 liters of clean water. From the diet should avoid fried foods, salty foods and irritating. In addition to the above abnormalities should be excluded gastritis with high acidity, accompanied by a heartburn and yeast infections.