Pathology of the nasal passages inflammatory nature often provoke excessive expansion of the internal cavities of the cells of the mucous membranes. This produces a bag or cyst of the nose, delivering a lot of trouble to the patient.
On this page you can see the typical symptoms pictures and learn about how the treatment is carried out with the help of surgery. Also describe what the consequences can be and how dangerous is the disease for human health. In any case, removal is possible only through surgery. But is it really necessary – try to understand.
First you must understand that any cyst in the nose is a pathological neoplasm, having the form of a pouch. The walls are formed by mucous cells, is formed inside a cavity filled with mucous secretions or extracellular fluid. In most cases, is the outflow of the liquid, in which the patient experiences a significant but temporary improvement in their condition after the discharge of the accumulated exudate. However, after some time the fluid has returned and begins to squeeze the surrounding tissue. So the typical symptoms of cyst in nose include pain and bloating in the localization of tumors.
The clinical picture depends on the size of the cyst, her location and the availability of the free outflow of the accumulating fluid inside it. Look at the picture the symptoms of the cyst in the nose and continue the story on the pathogenesis and symptoms:
Causes, pathogenesis and symptoms of cyst in nose (photo)
The reasons for the formation of cysts in the nose are not well understood.
Therefore, we can identify the risk factors that increase the probability of occurrence of this neoplasm:
- chronic inflammatory diseases (sinusitis, rhinitis);
- allergic reactions in the mucous membranes of the nose;
- congenital malformations of the structure of the mucous membranes;
- hereditary predisposition to this pathology;
- the habit of scratching the nasal passages and clean them with a finger;
- injuries, including after strikes in the facial area;
- carriage of pathogenic organisms.
In most cases, the pathogenesis of the formation of nasal cysts is based on the violation of the outflow produced by mucus from a special gland located deep in the mucosa moves. These glands are necessary to effectively moisturize and clean the air masses that pass through the nose into the throat and trachea. Slimy secret excels with ducts. If a duct on the background of trauma or inflammation becomes impassable, the mucus accumulates inside.
So begins a primary phase of expansion of the internal cavity. After a long stagnation begins aseptic inflammation with release of large amounts of fibrin. This substance strengthens walls of cysts growing, making them dense and impenetrable. After this phase, the spontaneous resorption of the cyst in the nose is impossible.
The clinical picture develops gradually as the growth of tumors.
The primary symptoms are nasal cysts can appear after 2 – 4 weeks:
- violation of nasal breathing with one hand partially or completely;
- pain of moderate intensity, increasing when lying on that side, where the tumor;
- the sensation of pressure;
- frequent sneezing, nasal congestion;
- periodic release of large amounts of mucous fluid with an unpleasant odor, followed by temporary relief;
- headaches, dizziness.
Sometimes a cyst in the nose with a small size is detected accidentally. For example, some patients paying attention to her during the flight. As a result of changes of atmospheric pressure there is a sharp cutting pain in the affected side of the nose. In some cases the tumor is detected only on radiographic image.
Look at the photo cyst symptoms nose – illustrates the condition when a large or medium sizes:
Of the modern methods of diagnosis the most effective CT and x-ray contrast images. Other studies generally are not required.
Treatment – removal of cysts of the nose through surgery
Treatment of cysts of the nose, conservative methods is currently impossible. All-purpose electrophoresis with lydasum, fibs and vitreous body, as well as the use of ointments with absorbable effect a positive result does not. At small sizes may be elected expectant management. But the patient is advised to monitor the hygiene of the nasal cavity, to prevent cold-related respiratory diseases.
The impressive size of the cyst nose removal is performed using surgical operation. An endoscopic intervention. External incisions are required. The surgery is performed using local anesthesia and, depending on the size of tumors takes no more than 30 minutes. The doctor under the control of the special equipment holds the resection (removal) of cysts of the nose and a full cleansing of the inner cavity. Overlap of surgical sutures catgut. This material is resorbed on their own. Removal of sutures is not required.
How dangerous is a cyst of the nose and what the consequences may be?
How dangerous is a cyst of the nose, so it’s an ongoing process of inflammation. This reduces immunity and increases the frequency of relapsing inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx. Constant purulent substrate causes irritation of the mucous membranes. As a result, may develop chronic rhinitis, adenoiditis, pharyngitis.
You must know what the consequences of the disease can be without the recommended removal of the tumor. First and foremost is the constant disruption of gas exchange. Impaired nasal breathing is a natural process of circulation is disturbed. Internal organs, including the heart and brain not getting enough oxygen. Can develop dystrophy trophic character. In the future it will require additional treatment of somatic disorders.