According to statistics, stomatitis occurs every fifth inhabitant of Russia. Such a common disease of the oral cavity has many forms and manifestations.
Even zaedy in the region of the corners of the mouth, which probably once was, and you also are a form of stomatitis. Let’s understand what causes this disease and how to fight it.
In Greek “stomatitis” means mouth. In medicine this word indicates a group of diseases of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. Although they are not contagious, however, almost everyone one way or another had to deal with any form of stomatitis. Interestingly, the likelihood of disease increases if one day you have already moved it.
Medicine today has no special tests to detect disease, so the doctor is forced to diagnose visually. To help him can only your medical records. An additional difficulty in diagnosis is that thrush can be a symptom of other more serious diseases.
CAUSES OF STOMATITIS
The mechanism of occurrence of stomatitis, alas, not yet one hundred percent, and the source of the disease can be anything. For example, microorganisms, stimulating the infection and affecting the mucous membrane of the mouth; disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system; the overall decrease in immunity; metabolic disorders; vitamin deficiency; malignant tumors; microtrauma of the oral mucosa; genetic predisposition, etc.
In addition, local factors can also increase the risk of stomatitis. Simple rules of oral hygiene, caries, defective dental work, alcohol consumption and Smoking, allergic to certain foods – all of which can play not in your favor. Even the use of tooth paste containing sodium lauryl sulfate, according to research, can cause the stomatitis and aggravation.
THE SYMPTOMS OF STOMATITIS
The first symptom is a slight reddening of the mucosa of the plots.
Further, these areas swell, a burning sensation.
If you do not apply at this stage to the doctor, on the area of redness causes small sores round shape white or grayish film on the top and a red halo. In addition, tissue around the sores to be completely healthy. These sores hurt, and eating them becomes difficult. They can occur under the tongue, on the inner surface of lips and cheeks. Typically, mild forms of stomatitis characterized by the presence of one single sores.
In more severe forms of the disease, several ulcers, they are more size and depth, at times merged into one. This increases the temperature, inflamed lymph nodes. Against the background of General body deterioration can take place headaches, loss of appetite and constipation.
In the acute phase stomatitis is accompanied by a sharp pain in the oral cavity, preventing to speak and to eat. In the language appears plaque, after ingestion can be vomiting, excessive salivation.
This species is the most common. The oral mucosa becomes erythematous, edematous, may be covered with yellow or white coating. Increased salivation, often there is bleeding gums and bad breath. Causes of stomatitis can be local factors such as plaque, the presence of caries, oral candidiasis, failure to comply with hygienic rules. Gastrointestinal disease and parasites can also trigger the development of catarrhal stomatitis.
This is a more severe form of the disease than the previous one and can develop its advanced stage.
Often the disease progresses in those who suffer from stomach ulcers or chronic enteritis. At risk include owners of diseases of the cardiovascular system, blood. Poisoning and infectious diseases increase the risk of developing ulcerative stomatitis.
Symptoms: affected the entire thickness of the mucosa, the temperature may rise to 37.5, all accompanied by headache, weakness, inflammation of the lymph nodes. To eat uncomfortable because of the pain.
To aphthous stomatitis lead to gastrointestinal disease, allergies, rheumatism, viral infections and genetic predisposition. The disease occurs in severe form.
In the mouth there are so-called aphthae – sores whitish color with a diameter of 3-5 mm with a narrow red border. Observed deterioration of health, growth temperature, and pain in ulcers.
Aphthous stomatitis occurs in both acute and in the chronic form.
This disease is fungal in nature, is characteristic of elderly people and children. Typically, this stomatitis is progressing on the background of low immunity, and prolonged treatment with powerful antibiotics.
Oral thrush is characterized by the following symptoms: burning sensation in the mouth and throat; white patches in the mouth and on the tongue; redness and mucosal bleeding; unpleasant taste in the mouth, or even loss of taste.
Describe the kind of stomatitis is considered to be contagious, can be transmitted both household and sexually.
HERPETIC (HERPETIC) STOMATITIS
It occurs both in children and adults. It is the herpes simplex virus. The disease can be acute or chronic.
In the mild form of the disease the mucous membrane appear small vesicles, resembling the aphthae.
Severe rashes are multiple. Mucosa becomes inflamed, swells. Increases salivation. In addition to General malaise, toxicity, fever, swollen lymph nodes. During the meal felt a burning sensation and pain.
HOW TO TREAT STOMATITIS?
The treatment process of any form of stomatitis, it makes sense to start with a professional hygienic cleaning, removal of Tartar and plaque. It is also necessary to cure tooth decay, if any.
Next, the mucous membrane treated with antiseptics. During the day you can rinse your mouth with warm solution of calendula, chamomile. Catarrhal stomatitis due to such measures it may take after 5-10 days. If he moved in or aphthous ulcers, the local treatment will have to add the total. Contact the clinic for the additional antiseptic procedures.
In the case of herpes stomatitis shows antiviral therapy. Oral thrush is treated with application of antifungal drugs.
If the stomatitis is caused by any other disease (for example, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract), during treatment it is strongly recommended diet with restriction of coarse, sour, hot, cold and spicy food.
TREATMENT OF STOMATITIS AT HOME
For the treatment of stomatitis at home, primarily use these or other infusions and decoctions with anti-inflammatory, immune stimulating and antiseptic effects. Most available options are calendula and chamomile.
Effectively just rinsing the oral cavity with the decoction, but also welcome them inside. For this fit the hips. It contains large amounts of vitamins, strengthen the immune system, helps in destruction of harmful microorganisms. But do not forget that herpes and oral thrush folk remedies do not cure, because these diseases, fungi are not amenable to influence of the above-described compositions.
PREVENTION OF STOMATITIS
Preventive measures against the disease include regular hygiene visit the hygienist at least every six months, and periodic checkups at the dentist for tooth decay and other diseases.
Be careful if you wear braces or dentures, as it increases the risk of injury of the oral mucosa.
With the mind to your diet. Avoid corrosive effect on the mucous products: salty, spicy, spicy. Tomato and orange juices with high acidity, can also be very useful in the predisposition for stomatitis.
If once you have suffered the disease, possible relapses in periods of a General weakening of immunity. Described above preventative measures will help to avoid recurrence of the disease.