Symptoms of the fistula on the gums

Fistula is the result of significant inflammation, sometimes hidden. Often it is the result not cured in a timely manner, periodontal disease or insufficient quality of filling of dental root canals. Upon the occurrence of the fistula, where you need to go to the dentist.

The fistula, in fact, is a kind of channel between the surface of the gums and internal focus of infection.

Fistulas are classified by origin (congenital and acquired) and location (inner and outer),

When gingival fistula is formed fistulous course through which the abscess in the periodontium or the tissue depth of the jaw reported with the oral cavity. To detect to Detect the disease in the first place, with x-rays. In addition, the diagnosis of “odontogenic fistula,” the doctor may put after ordinary inspection.

Symptoms of the fistula on the gums

  • toothache, aggravated by touch;
  • the mobility of the adjacent tooth;
  • swelling and redness of the gum around the tooth;
  • allocation of pus from fistulous.

Gingival fistula – a typical phenomenon when treated early and has evolved into chronic periodontitis, wisdom teeth delayed eruption of, chronic periodontitis and other diseases, accompanied by latent inflammatory processes.

Also, the fistula may be a sign of inflammation of the tooth cyst. Poor treatment of caries can lead to the formation of a fistula, as in insufficiently treated carious cavity microflora continues to evolve and provoke inflammation.

More often, however, fistula on the gums appears when granulating form of periodontitis. This situation is characterized by an excessive proliferation of granulation tissue (the tissue bright red in color with a granular surface, a developing in the healing process of inflammatory foci and wounds) that can damage surrounding tissue. Thus, there is defect in the mucosa approximately at the level of the top of the tooth, forming fistulous course.

Sometimes granulation tissue create a channel in the soft tissues of the cheeks and on the skin. The exacerbation of periodontitis a complication in the form of a gingival fistula can cause fatigue, illness, hypothermia, etc.


To eliminate fistula it is necessary to remove the root cause – namely, periodontitis.

Once cured caries, the tooth is sealed, removed a cyst of the tooth – the doctor appoints drugs for additional treatment of the oral cavity from bacteria. At this time, experts also recommend to use antibacterial gels and pastes. Then prescribe antihistamines (suprastin, tavegil) and antibiotics. Salt vennochi to relieve swelling and easing inflammation in addition to the measures for the treatment of fistula.

Of course, one visit to the doctor is not enough to get rid of periodontitis complication. However, at the very least, a timely appeal to the specialist will significantly reduce the duration of treatment and faster to achieve positive results. This will help avoid removal of granulation. If to them it came, the operation is performed with a laser. Disregard for the treatment of periodontitis leads to the need to take extreme measures – the removal of the tooth and curettage of the fistulous.


Unfortunately, “grandma’s recipes” in getting rid of periodontitis is unlikely to help. However, you can use home remedies to increase the effectiveness of all procedures in the complex, along with professional treatment.

Among the most popular and effective compositions include ointment, for preparation you need:

  • two parts of calendula flowers, * shoots and flowers of yarrow,
  • one part of the grass clover,
  • dandelion root,
  • the root of sorrel garden,
  • shoots and inflorescences of tansy.

Of the above should be ground in a blender or grinder. Further to the composition is added to one part Ichthyol ointment or ointment Vishnevsky. The mass was homogeneous, add the calendula oil. Lubricate the affected area with the tool.


A preventive measure against gingival and periodontal fistula in General include: * improving the quality of individual oral hygiene;

  • timely visit to the dentist;
  • professional oral hygiene not less than once in six months;
  • healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition.

Fistula is the final link in the chain “caries-pulpitis-periodontitis”. Further, only the loss of the tooth. Not to bring up this extreme measure, do not forget to monitor the health of your teeth and mouth.

4 thoughts on “Symptoms of the fistula on the gums

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