We all know that one of the most difficult diseases in the field of gastroenterology is liver cirrhosis. The development of liver cirrhosis and stage of the disease are symptoms and manifestations, which depend on how long the patient suffering from this disease.
Early in the development of the disease is difficult to diagnose. No special manifestations of the patient does not notice, the only solution in this situation – ultrasound examination and delivery of the General analysis of blood.
What is cirrhosis and its causes?
Cirrhosis of the liver chronic, and has its own stage of development.It is important to know what symptoms can indicate the beginning.
There is a specially developed classification system of liver cirrhosis child-Pugh. In accordance with it, the patient can determine the onset of the disease and to seek further advice to the doctor. You should not put yourself diagnosis, based on symptoms. The final decision should be taken by a doctor and only after a comprehensive examination of the whole body of the sick person.
The reasons for the development of this disease in the human body can be very different. The chronic hepatitis, which often occurs on the background of chronic alcoholism, drug addiction. Cirrhosis can also develop due to manifestations of liver failure, due to improper work of the pancreas, cholelithiasis. For example, biliardny cirrhosis of the liver occurs as a result of violations of the outflow of bile.
When the cause of the disease could not be determined, doctors are diagnosed with cryptogenic cirrhosis of the liver of the human body. If the cause of the condition was alcohol dependence, it micronodular cirrhosis of the liver. But to determine this type of disease, only by using liver biopsy.
Cardiac cirrhosis may develop on the background of constant heart failure. Unfortunately, cardiac cirrhosis of the liver is not curable. In this case, the doctors can only support the vital functions of the human body and to deal with problems of the heart.
Stages of cirrhosis of the liver man
There are some types of liver cirrhosis:
- 1st degree – offset;
- Degree 2 – subcompencirovanna;
- 3rd degree – decompensirovanna;
- 4th degree – can be fatal.
Each of these periods of development of the disease manifests itself differently. For example, portal cirrhosis of the liver, is a disease of the organ, which differs in that it has virtually no symptoms. Usually on the 1st stage of developing CKD cirrhosis of the liver. The patient does not feel any change in the body and continues to lead a normal lifestyle. Although the liver itself already occurring irreversible processes, the cells of the body start to become inflamed and die, and in their place there is connective tissue.
Those parts of the body that still work are starting to function much harder.At this stage it is difficult to identify a developing cirrhosis, this can only help the diagnosis through ultrasound of the unit and delivery of a comprehensive blood test. Although albumin for stage 1 of the disease will be normal. But, cirrhosis of 1 degree can cure and prevent further progression of the disease. It is necessary to exclude for that disease, which caused the development of cirrhosis. For example, it could be chronic hepatitis or any other disease.
Cirrhosis of 2 degrees has some symptoms but not all patients once you pay attention to these changes in your body.
For example, it may be such features as:
- the decrease in the level of health;
- frequent changes in the mood of the patient, there may be lethargy and depression.
Often the patient loses appetite and suffers from nausea, diarrhea. Especially after eating fatty foods.
In men begins to increase breast, aktiviziruyutsya hair loss. Sometimes discomfort can be felt in the right hypochondrium. This stage of the disease is manifested by frequent bleeding from the nose and gums. Any pressing on a skin bruise. The result of complete blood count will show that the albumin level is greatly reduced.
In the transition to another stage the following symptoms:
- ascites, small and quickly eliminated;
- hepatic encephalopathy;
- the overall deterioration of the body of the patient.
Portal cirrhosis of the liver is treated, the main task of the physician is to identify disease outbreak and to eliminate the cause of development of cirrhosis.
The thermal stage of the development of cirrhosis
Cirrhosis grade 3 is characterized by a thermal stage. Cirrhosis in the decompensation stage is very dangerous, it can easily develop into 4th stage, which is fatal. Also, the 3-stage cirrhosis can develop very quickly. From 1 week to several years. Therefore, it is obligatory of the patient with cirrhosis, which is the 3rd stage of development, should be under medical supervision and treatment in the clinic.
The main symptoms of thermal cirrhosis of the liver:
- yellowing of the skin;
- progressive hepatic encephalopathy;
- the ascites is still there, the volume of fluid accumulated up to 20 l;
- can be a secondary disease, as hemorrhoids, anemia;
- appears tremor, muscle atrophy;
- the decrease in body temperature;
- significant reduction in the level of albumin in the blood and protrombinovogo index.
Upon reaching degree 4 disease the person is in mortal danger. Death may occur as a result of internal bleeding, which is possible due to varicose veins internal, due to the ascites in the patient’s blood decreases the level of protein, which in turn leads to death. Can also develop venous thrombosis. In addition, severe intoxication leads to coma. From the coma patient may and do not go out.
The treatment of liver cirrhosis at this stage is rather complicated. Doctors can only support the patient, but the cure is almost impossible. The liver begins to actively die, resulting in the body dramatic changes in metabolism that affects all the other organs. The only way to save the patient is to undergo urgent liver transplantation. Until the doctors can keep the patient’s condition a medical.
At the last stage of cirrhosis symptoms of the disease remain low. The only thing you can do doctors to monitor the vital functions of the body. The patient in this condition has no control over themselves. He can’t eat, loses self-control. It is also possible to promote a state of SOPOR and coma, which eventually leads to the death of the patient. Cirrhosis of 4 degrees is instantaneous, after the patient fell into a coma, he could die at any moment.