29.10.2020

Diarrhea in a child, what to do

Diarrhea can also be a consequence of the introduction of new products into the diet of the child and a change in the usual menu, in this case, changing the diet can help solve the problem.

Often with diarrhea, parents ask themselves the question: what is to feed the child in this condition? The menu during diarrhea depends on the reasons that caused this condition, on the patient’s age and the duration of the disease.

With mild diarrhea, if the child is active, eats and drinks normally, he has no other symptoms, do not worry. Unusual stools usually normalize within a few days, and children are completely restored at home, resting and consuming a lot of fluids. A child with mild diarrhea that is not accompanied by dehydration or nausea can continue to be fed on common foods, including breast milk or formula. Pediatricians recommend at this time not to load the baby with food, give him smaller portions, but more often than usual, until the chair is restored.

Also, if the child is still eating, it is necessary to exclude products that can cause increased secretion (spicy, bitter, salty, meat, including broths and spices), cause fermentation processes (baking, dairy products and fruits).

Food for a sick baby should be steamed, with enough salt. It is desirable to give porridges wiped and boiled in water. Fruit can be recommended non-sour apples without peel and exclude berries. Bakery products are recommended in the form of crackers, crackers and yesterday’s bread.

Sudden diarrhea and changes in appetite in young children can cause panic in their parents.

Sometimes the cause of diarrhea can be:

  • antibiotics
  • eating too much fruit
  • food irritation (dysbacteriosis),
  • disease (including ARVI),
  • infection (e.g., dysentery).

Some pediatricians advise to pay attention to the combination of products bananas – rice – toast. Bananas contain potassium, which is an important electrolyte. Rice and rice water have an astringent effect. These products are recommended to be consumed in small quantities daily until normal appetite and stool are restored to the baby.

Liquid

During diarrhea, which is accompanied by nausea, vomiting and loss of fluid, all strength must be thrown at the warning of dehydration. Dehydration can be a serious danger to babies. Lost fluid must be replaced by any available method. It is important to remember that with prolonged diarrhea and dehydration all organs are affected, including the kidneys and liver.

Most children can cope with dehydration by drinking drinking water or special saline solutions with electrolytes, others may require intravenous fluids.

To restore the liquid, you can give the child popsicles that will not cause nausea and vomiting, while partially restore the level of the liquid.

Many of the “clear liquids” used by parents or recommended by doctors in the past, modern pediatricians do not recommend using: ginger tea, fruit decoctions, tea with lemon and jam, fruit juice, gelatin desserts, chicken broth, carbonated drinks and drinks for athletes with electrolytes, as they contain sugar and can increase diarrhea.

In children, it is impossible to restore the level of the liquid only with pure water, because it does not contain sodium, potassium salts, or important minerals. It is recommended to use special solutions for oral rehydration, which are sold in pharmacies.

When to call a doctor
  • if the child is less active than usual
  • there are traces of blood or mucus in the stool
  • upset stool lasts more than three days and is accompanied by vomiting, fever
  • there are spastic abdominal pains
  • the child has signs of exsiccosis.

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