It is impossible to say unequivocally which of the drugs is better. It is necessary to choose individually in each individual case. Ketotifen and Suprastin have different compositions, but they are similar in mechanism of action.
Both drugs are effective for various types of allergies and are well tolerated by patients.
However, when choosing a drug you need to be guided by the following principles:
- Speed of action. With seasonal allergies, it is better to use Ketotifen. Suprastin is suitable for instant reactions: anaphylactic shock, Quincke’s edema, and others.
- Age. Both drugs are allowed for children. However, only Suprastin can be taken in children up to 6 months old.
- The nature of the disease. If the patient suffers from bronchial asthma, then Ketotifen is the best option for treatment. In the instructions for Suprastin, asthma attacks are contraindications.
Unlike Suprastin, Ketotifen has a wider spectrum of action. Also, a clear difference is the presence of several dosage forms: tablets, eye drops, syrup. However, Suprastin also has the advantage of a solution for injection, as this can help in providing emergency care for allergies.
Also, the difference in drugs is the price. The cost of Ketotifen is about 50 rubles. The price of Suprastin is slightly higher and is about 150 rubles.
The use of these two drugs is also not prohibited. However, each of them has a good antihistamine effect, which combined administration often does not make sense.
Thus, both drugs are effective against different allergic reactions. Based on the fact that they have slightly different indications for use, the choice of a specific drug should be carried out by a doctor in a particular case. The body of each patient is individual, so a visit to an allergist will be the right decision. In addition, when visiting a doctor, you can get not only the right treatment, but also find out the allergen that causes such a reaction in the body.
Allergic diseases are quite common among different age groups. It is often difficult to completely cure the disease. Therefore, to keep the disease under control, antihistamines are required. The mechanism of action of all drugs is almost the same: they block H-histamine receptors. Due to this, the manifestations of allergy are reduced. Despite the fact that recently a new generation of antihistamines has appeared, many people prefer to use proven agents. These are Ketotifen and Suprastin. Often the question arises which of the drugs is better. To give an answer, you need to consider both means in more detail.
The active substance is ketotifen. Available in the form of tablets, syrup and eye drops. The tool has an antihistamine effect.
It blocks the work of H1-histamine receptors, and also inhibits the enzyme PDE. If the drug is used for bronchial asthma, then the attacks stop quite rarely. The drug is able to prevent an attack or reduce its symptoms.
The maximum concentration of a substance in the blood is observed after 2-4 hours. Metabolized mainly in the liver.
It is mainly used for atopic bronchial asthma. Also, the indication is a seasonal allergy, the symptoms of which are rhinitis, conjunctivitis and other manifestations.
- An allergic reaction to the substances that make up the product.
- The first trimester of pregnancy.
- Lactation period.
Tablets should be used during meals, drinking plenty of water. 2 times a day, 1 tablet. If there is a pronounced sedative effect when taking, then you need to gradually increase the dosage. It starts from 0.5 mg and gradually increases over the course of 7 days.
Children aged 1-3 years should take 0.25 ml of syrup per 1 kg of weight. At the age of 3 years – 5 ml 2 times a day with meals.
Adults and children from 3 years of age are instilled with 1-2 drops in the conjunctival sac 2 times a day.
Treatment lasts 2-3 weeks. The drug should be discontinued gradually to avoid the development of a relapse of an asthmatic attack.
Active ingredient: chloropyramine. Available in the form of tablets and ampoules with a solution for injection. It has anti-allergic and antihistamine effects.
The action is to block H1-histamine receptors. It also acts on the central nervous system, capillary permeability, and smooth muscle.
Their gastrointestinal tract is well absorbed. Symptoms decrease after 15-30 minutes. The maximum effect is observed after 1 hour and lasts for 6 hours. The main part of the drug is excreted with the kidneys. In children, excretion is faster than in adults.
Indications for use are:
- Allergy triggered by insect bites.
- Serum sickness.
- Allergic rhinopathy.
- Angioneurotic edema.
- Anaphylactic type reactions.
Also, the drug is allowed to be used for swelling of the mucous membranes with otitis or sinusitis.
- An acute attack of bronchial asthma.
- Gastrointestinal ulcer.
- Treatment with MAO inhibitors.
- Acute myocardial infarction.
- Impaired kidney function.
- An allergic reaction to the components of the drug.
Tablets are taken with meals, drinking plenty of water. The daily dosage is 75-100 mg. Exceeding the dosage of 100 mg is prohibited. Treatment is considered complete when all clinical symptoms have been resolved.
Children under 6 years of age, take 0.5 tablets 2 times a day. Children over 6 years of age – 1-1.5 tablets per day.
With anaphylactic shock and other serious conditions, Suprastin treatment is started with intravenous administration. Then the drug is administered intramuscularly or taken in tablet form. The daily dose is 1-2 ml.
The average duration of therapy is 5-7 days.