The most important thing in the treatment of diathesis is to identify the source of the allergy and prevent it from entering the body.
An allergen can enter the body:
- with food and drink – food;
- through the respiratory tract – respiratory tract;
- contact with skin – contact path.
To identify which allergen has caused diathesis, it is necessary to exercise a lot of patience. It is recommended to exclude from the menu products that are likely sources of allergies. These can be citrus fruits, chocolate, strawberries, red and exotic fruits or vegetables, nuts, melons, apricots, peaches, sweets, semolina, eggs, sour cream, milk and broths. Eliminating possible allergens, you should enter the products in the diet and monitor the reaction of the baby. In case of a sudden exacerbation of diathesis, one should remember that a child or a nursing mother had eaten the day before. By memorizing and analyzing, it is possible to identify a product that leads to an allergic reaction.
Since allergic diathesis in children can occur during external contact with the allergen, it is necessary to use special children’s remedies: soap, shampoo and powder. Use baby powder to wash clothes, bed linen, and things the baby contacts. Chlorine is a strong allergen, so it is better to use filtered or boiled water for bathing and rinsing.
Anti-inflammatory, antihistamine and glucocorticosteroid preparations are used to reduce itching and relieve symptoms. In order not to aggravate the situation and not harm the health of the baby, the choice of diathesis remedies must be entrusted to a doctor who will select them individually, taking into account the type and characteristics of external manifestations.
What is diathesis?
Diathesis is not a disease – the term refers to the body’s susceptibility to certain diseases.
Predispositions or inclinations are different, of which they distinguish 3 main ones:
- neuro-arthritic diathesis – a tendency to inflammation of the joints, hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, excessive nervous excitability and obesity;
- lymphatic-hypoplastic diathesis – susceptibility to infectious and allergic diseases, lymph node pathology, dysfunction of the thymus gland;
- exudative-catarrhal or allergic diathesis – a tendency to inflammatory and allergic diseases.
The most common is the latter type of diathesis. It manifests as allergic dermatitis. This phenomenon occurs so often that its doctors identify with the term “diathesis”. About him and will be discussed further.
Signs of diathesis in children may be different. It manifests itself in the form of reddening of certain skin areas, small or large spots, dryness and flaking of the skin, cracks and sores.
More often, rough reddish spots appear on the cheeks and near the eyes, a rash occurs on the folds of the limbs, under the arms, on the sides and abdomen, but can be observed all over the body, including the scalp. It can grow and become wet, crack thicken and inflame.
The rash is accompanied by itching and does not go away for a long time.
Causes of diathesis
Diathesis in the infant, or rather allergic dermatitis, causes the body’s contact with the substance that is the source of the allergic reaction, the allergen. The tendency of small children to such a phenomenon is explained by the immaturity of their internal organs and systems.
The heredity and environmental factors can become a trigger for the development of diathesis: the way the mother behaved or fed during pregnancy, the characteristics of care, housing conditions and ecology.
Often the diathesis in children causes overeating. Food that enters the stomach is processed by enzymes, but if its volume does not match the amount of enzymes, it does not break down. The remains of food linger in the intestines and begin to rot, and the decay products enter the blood.
Part of the substance neutralizes the liver, but in children it is an immature organ, and its activity is individual. For this reason, allergic dermatitis does not occur in all children, but goes away with age.