Big nose is a cosmetic defect in which the part of the face looks disproportionately large. A large nose can give the person many psychological experiences, causing the development of inferiority complex and insecurity.
Modern medicine allows you to adjust the size and shape of the nose, making it more aesthetically pleasing.
But in what cases do need surgery?
What a nose is considered large?
Many people, especially women, biased assessment of their own appearance. Radical surgical correction of the nose is required only in cases where it really creates a certain disharmony of the face.
Please note: the nose continues to grow until about 21 years, so to do surgery on rhinoplasty before reaching this age is not recommended!
The size and shape of your nose depends on many factors, these include the following:
- national identity;
- hereditary factor;
- migrated traumatic injuries;
- change age of character (ptosis of tissues of the nose);
- hormonal disorders;
- skin diseases.
The size of the nose are evaluated based on the so-called nasal index, representing the ratio of the length and width of the body.
These options are:
- up to 70% high and narrow nose (leporine);
- up to 85% – the average, the most common size of the nose (mazarine);
- up to 100% – low and wide nose (amerine);
- more than 100% – big nose, large size (hyperkalaemia).
Important! In addition to the nasal index, it is necessary also to pay attention to the overall proportionality of the face. For example, on the face of a man with large facial features, big nose may look very harmoniously, and even attractive!
When do you need surgery?
Surgical intervention aimed at correcting the size and shape of the nose is called rhinoplasty. According to statistics, this operation is considered the most common and popular in the field of plastic surgery. Especially often resorted to rhinoplasty of the fair sex.
Big nose is not some kind of pathology and does not pose a threat to human health, so the main indication for rhinoplasty is dissatisfaction with the human dimensions of the nose, it is disproportionate.
Important! Doctors don’t recommend to hurry with the nose surgery because, according to research, a large nose prevents penetration into the human body dust, allergens and disease-causing pathogens!
Before surgical intervention it is necessary to consult a plastic surgeon, conducting a General medical examination aimed at identifying possible contraindications for surgery!
We do not recommend rhinoplasty?
Surgical correction of a large nose will not be performed in patients with the following contraindications:
- diabetes mellitus;
- herpes occurring in the active form;
- atrophic rhinitis;
- reduced blood clotting (thrombocytopenia);
- renal disease;
- skin diseases, suppurative lesions, localized in the area of the intended surgery;
- irregularities in the cardiovascular system;
- venereal disease;
- infectious processes in acute form;
- malignant neoplasms;
- irregularities in functioning of the Central nervous system;
- the period of acute disease in the chronic stage.
Rhinoplasty is contraindicated in women who are expecting a baby into the world, and nursing mothers! Can’t do the surgery and the fair sex during menstruation, as it is fraught with risk of development of bleeding and a prolonged recovery period!
How to prepare?
Preparations for the rhinoplasty begins with a visit to a plastic surgeon. With the help of special computer equipment specialist simulates the shape and size of the nose, which will resulting surgery and coordinates them with the patient.
Next, the patient is assigned to the following diagnostic tests:
After the examination the doctor will determine the most optimal and safe for a particular patient a way of plastic surgery. The period of preparation for the surgical intervention is about 2 weeks.
At this time the patient is required to strictly adhere to the following recommendations of the experts:
- to refrain from using anticoagulants and drugs that affect blood pressure;
- do not smoke;
- do not drink alcoholic beverages;
- to unsubscribe from sunbathing and Solarium.
Please note: the day before the operation the patient should keep a diet, eat sparingly, in small portions, preferring light foods (vegetables, fruits, dairy products).
The last meal should be no later than 8 hours before the surgery. To drink the day of surgery also can not!
How is rhinoplasty surgery?
Rhinoplasty is performed solely under the effect of anesthesia, therefore, unpleasant, painful sensations the patient is experiencing.
Surgical intervention can be performed by open method (on the nose) and closed (through the nostrils of the patient). The first version of the operation is considered more complex and traumatic, and is therefore recommended only when pronounced nasal deformation with concomitant curvature.
Surgery is performed in several stages:
- the application of surgical incisions;
- the necessary correction;
- the suturing.
As a rule, the duration of the surgery for nose correction is about 1.5-2 hours.
Rehabilitation after rhinoplasty
The duration of the recovery period after undergoing a rhinoplasty is approximately 2 weeks.
Important! The first two days after surgery, the patient should be kept in the clinic under the supervision of a qualified professional!
In the nasal passages of the patient are inserted fixing swabs, and nose superimposed plaster bandage, which is removed after approximately 1.5 weeks. All these measures can cause a lot of discomfort and hinder the breathing process!
In addition, in the first days after surgery the patient may experience the following unpleasant symptoms:
As a rule, these symptoms go away on their own within a week. To eliminate pain you can use painkillers. In order to prevent the development of infectious complications, patients are often prescribed a course antibioticbuy therapy.
In the first few days of the postoperative period the patient must comply with bed rest and to follow the advice of experts:
- sleep with your head elevated;
- to eat only liquid food at room temperature;
- several times throughout the day to clear the nasal passages with a special antiseptic solutions;
- to massage the nose to reduce swelling;
- to do furatsilinovoy lotion on the nasal wings.
Possible complications after rhinoplasty
Surgery for the correction of the dimensions of the nose can cause a highly undesirable development of the following complications:
- allergic reactions;
- toxic shock;
- violation of olfactory function;
- atrophic lesions of the nasal cartilage;
- tissue necrosis;
- infectious processes;
- the formation of calluses;
- curvature and deformation of the nose.
Please note: according to statistics, the postoperative complications are observed in only 10% of patients undergoing rhinoplasty!
When such manifestations need to urgently seek medical advice! In some cases, you may need to re-rhinoplasty.
Important! Significantly reduce the risk of development of characteristic complications will help conscientious preparation for rhinoplasty and compliance with the recommendations of experts during the recovery period!
How to speed up recovery and avoid complications?
To speed up the recovery process after rhinoplasty and to prevent complications, patients need to adhere to the following recommendations of the experts:
- to refrain from Smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages (at least during the month);
- to avoid excessive physical exertion;
- to refuse to visit the baths, saunas, Solarium and swimming pools;
- not to use cosmetics;
- to avoid overheating and overcooling of the body.
Special attention should be paid to nutrition. To eat in the postoperative period frequently and in small portions, preferring light and soft foods, preferably boiled or steamed. It is important to observe the drinking regime, drinking at least 2 liters of fluid throughout the day! To avoid eating sugar, salt, sweets, fried, fatty and spicy meals, coffee and carbonated beverages.
Subject to the above recommendations, a couple of weeks later the person comes back to normal and can get back to work!
The plastic surgeon will make your nose elegant, neat and appropriate proportions of other facial features!