07.02.2023

Benefits and harms of tanning, the rules of Solarium

Tanned skin emphasizes the beauty of the wholesome person. And in the 21st century a nice tan can be purchased regardless of the time of year and the weather – if the sun does not spoil attention, it will replace the Solarium. But visit it you must understanding how to tan to the desired skin color is not turned into trouble on the part of health.

The benefits and dangers of Solarium

It seemed that the effect of ultraviolet radiation (thanks to him tanning “paint” our skin) studied in full. But among experts are ongoing battles about how harmful tanning bed. Some dermatologists suggest uncompromising to run away from him, and cosmetologists say that the Solarium is not more harmful than the effects of natural light. “Okeydoke” offers to stick to the Golden middle. And put forward arguments.

Cons of tanning compared to natural sun:

  • cabin-sunroom provoke from 19 to 76 deaths per year from skin melanoma. These figures were announced by Dr. Pascal Empereur-Bissonnet in the pages of the Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire, No. 18-19/2012;
  • artificially configured lamp that even with the most careful adjustment will not be able to reproduce the ultraviolet radiation in the form in which we accept it in natural conditions;
  • closed space “capsule” where the person is during the session – as a consequence difficult to ensure that the humidity and air circulation, as in natural conditions.

Advantages of tanning:

  • in accordance with studies, the Solarium helps to improve mood, which may explain the psychological effect of the procedure;
  • to sunbathe, we need to be lamps much less time than under the sun – this reduces the residence time under the UV rays and reduces health risks (including skin cancer).
Who can use the Solarium

There are two good reason, when the Solarium is not forbidden, and even is appropriate:

  • a chronic shortage of Sunny days (when staying in the Northern latitudes, when the gloomy weather);
  • gradual preparation of the skin for the beach (below, being the “white man”, not to scorch the abundance of the southern sun).

There are a number of clear criteria, when not prohibited Solarium:

  • no diagnosis of any skin diseases;
  • in anamnesis (life history) were not observed common serious diseases;
  • undiagnosed neoplasm;
  • acute illness, which was observed completely cured (influenza, acute mastitis);
  • exacerbation of a chronic disease cropped (exacerbation of chronic appendicitis, exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis).

If all points are relevant and you can go to the Solarium, while not forgetting to observe the rules of his visit (about them – below).

In other cases, a Solarium, it is better to postpone or completely abandon it.

Contraindications to the use of the Solarium

They are divided into:

  • absolute uncompromising when the Solarium is forbidden to visit because of the threat to the strategically important work of organs and systems;
  • relative – when available, the Solarium is not prohibited, but not recommended, because it can cause deterioration of health, or requires special care and observation.

Absolute contraindications to the use of the Solarium:

  • any tumors – benign and malignant, local (atheroma) and generalized (sarcoma with invasion of adjacent organs or spreading of malignant metastasized throughout the body); the warning goes for tumors of not only skin but also other organs and tissues is osteoma (tumor of bone origin), fibroids (tumors of muscle tissue), lymphomas (tumors of lymphoid tissue), mastitis (tumors of mammary glands in women), and so on;
  • transferred in the last 6 months, severe systemic illness (especially of the cardiovascular system) myocardial infarction, meningitis, necrotizing pancreatitis);
  • severe chronic disease with complications (diabetes, ischemic heart disease with heart failure hypertensive heart disease with severe hypertensive crisis, thyrotoxicosis);
  • generalized (widespread) diseases of the skin (in addition to the neoplasms mentioned above) – dermatitis (infectious inflammation of the skin – staph, strep) and dermatitis (non-inflammatory changes in one or more layers of the skin – psoriasis, atopic dermatitis);
  • pregnancy, irrespective of the period of fetal development;
  • breast-feeding;
  • monthly;
  • antibiotics;
  • rehabilitation activities – even after a disease has passed a certain period of time, with Solarium better to wait in case the doctor prescribed rehabilitation activities associated with one or another chronic disease (regular massage in severe osteoarthritis, Spa treatment after suffering a gastritis or stomach ulcer).

Relative contraindications:

  • the early period after suffering (albeit cured) acute diseases (acute gastritis, flu, acute mastitis) – moving diseases such Solarium is better to visit only after the complex rehabilitation;
  • the early period after suffering a surgical intervention (acute appendicitis, hernia, gallbladder removal, suturing of perforated ulcers of the stomach);
  • breast hormonal in nature, which occurs only during menstruation.

Separate relative contraindication to the use of the Solarium is enhanced pigmentation is more intense than in normal “brushing” the natural pigment of certain areas of the skin. It is the boundary condition of the skin, which is not considered a disease, but in which skin is prone to cancer.

Hyperpigmentation can manifest in the form:

  • the so-called moles (small pigment spots, with a clear round and not exceeding 0.5 cm in diameter);
  • extensive pigmentation of irregular shape and arbitrary size (more than 0.5 cm in diameter).

In the presence of such pigmentation can visit the Solarium, if the risk zone to seal the stickers. They give free, in beauty salons where there is a Solarium. Another thing, if this area is extensive, and aesthetic effect from the sun remains questionable, as there will be “dyed” with UV all skin – areas of sun will alternate with white spots due to the fact that the fragments of skin were closed from the effects of ultraviolet rays.

The exact percentage of clients who are ill due to the abuse of a Solarium, unknown, since there is no established cooperation between beauty and clinical institutions. But the risks with too much fascination with Solarium famous:

  • the provocation of cancer;
  • if after suffering a serious illness not sustained a pause, and the patient immediately went to the Solarium – possible deterioration of the General condition and recurrence (return) of some of the symptoms of the disease;
  • the Solarium during exacerbation of chronic diseases can provoke not only the deterioration of the General condition, but also cause complications;
  • ultraviolet radiation can cause pregnancy disorders and changes in the composition and quantity of milk per lactation period;
  • even 1-2-3-one-time use of the Solarium during menstruation can increase their duration, cause pain and affect the regularity in the future;
  • UV exposure during antibiotics may affect their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (respectively the movement in the bloodstream and the effects on the body).
The rules of Solarium

To for a nice tan not to pay for illnesses, you should follow the recommendations of the beauticians about visiting tanning salons. Different beauty equipment for artificial tanning may differ technical characteristics.

But the rules when they visit the same:

  • tanning in a Solarium on a temporary growing need to start with a 3-4-5 minutes per session, and if healthy, but photosensitive (sensitive to different kinds of rays) the skin – even 1-2 minutes. During each session we recommend that you add one minute to the time of ignition;
  • sun creams that are offered in beauty salons are optional – they do not play any role to protect the skin and health in General, their role is assistance in acquiring an even tan you need intensity;
  • if a woman visits the Solarium immediately after the menses, and in the mammary glands is still observed hormone-dependent tyazhistosti typical for the period of menstruation – during the tanning session, the mammary glands should be fully cover with a piece of natural fabric.

Mode of going to the Solarium, which has given a beautiful tan, but who would not endanger the health of the individual. So a very average recommendations for the duration of the visit to the Solarium is 10 visits with the following regularity:

  • in the first half of the course – within a day or two (if the skin is dark – a pause lasting two days can not do one day break sufficient);
  • secondly – every day.

Support sessions are conducted every 10 days, a total of no more than 6-8. At support sessions, thanks to which the skin will “hold” acquired the sun long enough, it is recommended to sunbathe in the Solarium for a few minutes less in comparison with the session, which was the last part of the course. For sensitive skin support sessions should last no longer than 5-6 minutes. The following course is recommended not earlier than in six months.

The distinctive smell of leather (like a slightly charred animal hair) after the tanning session in the Solarium should not cause panic. In this case, you need to:

  • to reduce the duration by 1-2 minutes;
  • not to increase the time, at least 2-3 follow-up sessions.
Age limit for the Solarium

Under natural conditions, the children take in the sun and sunbathe, almost from one year of age. But in the Solarium (contrary to the thought that, say, the ultraviolet radiation there is in nature the same) they are allowed to tan, not earlier than 16 years of age. Allowed courses in the amount of 6-7 sessions, starting from 1 minute and ending with a 4-5-minute long stay at “capsule” in the Solarium for 1 session.

Some beauticians reduce this level to 12 years of age – but in that case, if the parents are in a hot country: the sun will help the skin to tan slightly, the child will not burn under the scorching tropical sun. The closer to the equator the country is family friendly – especially appropriate participation in the Solarium. Allowed to undergo tanning in the amount of 5-6 sessions, starting from 1 minute and ending with the 3-4 minute duration of the stay in the Solarium. But if there is a possibility of strict control over how to tan a child in real – Solarium to cancel. Also shouldn’t lead to the Solarium of the child, which lowered production of vitamin D – there are more effective methods.

With age, the skin loses its elasticity, is age-related dehydration (loss of water). Melanin (skin pigment) is produced in increased amounts, but the substance elastane and collagens, which provide durability dermal matrix begins to produce fewer and decay all the more intense.

These changes begin to take effect after 40-45 years – at this age using a tanning bed should be carefully because the ultraviolet light may act ruthlessly for the few protected skin. At a minimum, it will accelerate its aging, as a maximum – can provoke oncological processes. 1 course is recommended to take 7-8 tanning sessions.

Rules dispensing artificial ultraviolet radiation are the following:

  • start with 1 minute of ignition;
  • add 1 minute to the duration of the stay each following session, and after one session – that is, the maximum time in the tanning bed can be up to 5 minutes;
  • go to the Solarium no more than a day.
  • Starting from the age of 50, the Solarium should be avoided.
The combination of natural tan acquired under the lamps

Go to the Solarium and after returning from sea in order to align the sun with irregularities. Cosmetologists say that in this case, the residence time in the Solarium should not exceed 10 minutes for 1 session. Some experts authorize, and 15-minute stay under the lamps, arguing that the skin has adapted to the action of ultraviolet light and tanned already.

General advice on Solarium

The following tips regarding a visit to the Solarium are universal and depend neither on age and or gender:

  • need to sunbathe, removing clothing and jewelry;
  • you must cover your hair with a disposable hood, and his eyes hide behind sunglasses;
  • you can not sunbathe on an empty stomach or after you overeat;
  • sunbathing is possible only when the skin is clean and dry;
  • women need to stick the sticky protective circle on the areola of the breast;
  • eat and drink during operation of the machine is not recommended;
  • after the session do not bathe or shower for 3 hours – color may appear within 1 hour after the session, if it is premature to wet skin – it does not “locks”. Subjected to irradiation and the desired result;
  • you cannot combine the Solarium beauty treatments, which are characterized by a deep study of the skin – in particular, with peeling. The combined effect of glycolic acid which is used in the peeling, and radiation can cause severe skin irritation. After peeling sunbathing is possible not earlier than in 3-4 days.

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