16.04.2021

Diet for gastralgia

The diet for pain in the stomach may differ depending on the provoking cause, which can be determined by a competent specialist. So, with chronic gastritis, a mild stomach pain usually appears, which a person may not even pay attention to.

With oncological processes, a slight pain can immediately appear, which over time becomes more intense. With a performative ulcer, a pain shock occurs, the pain is so severe that it cannot be tolerated. Cramping pain can occur with inflammation of the pancreas or intestines.

To determine the cause, experts pay attention to the relationship of soreness with food intake. Typically, with gastritis, pain occurs immediately after eating or after a few minutes. In peptic ulcer disease, pain usually occurs after a few hours.

Products for pain in the stomach must be consumed fresh. Raw vegetables and fruits are better not to eat, they should be either boiled or steamed. Vegetables for soups must be grated. It is imperative to exclude foods that contain preservatives and flavor enhancers. Spicy, fried, fatty, salty, smoked, seasonings and spices are taboo.

A question about what you can eat when your stomach hurts will be answered by a gastroenterologist based on your diagnosis

Stomach pain (gastralgia) is a common complaint that patients turn to the therapist. This is due to the intense rhythm of life of modern man. Eating on the go, stressful situations, taking aggressive medications – all this negatively affects the condition of the gastric mucosa.

Just drinking painkillers with discomfort is wrong. Such drugs do not eliminate the problem, but only drown it out. Moreover, analgesics further exacerbate the pathological process. A pain outbreak can occur for a variety of reasons – from overeating or, conversely, starvation to serious diseases such as gastritis and peptic ulcer.

Most often, discomfort in the epigastric region (just below the center of the chest) appears with an exacerbation of existing chronic processes. In this case, patients are concerned about nausea, vomiting, belching, heartburn, bloating, rumbling and more.

To combat gastralgia, an integrated approach is important, which includes drug therapy, the use of alternative recipes and dietary compliance. Diet for pain in the stomach plays an important role in the treatment process. It is simply necessary for recovery.

If you do not follow the rules of proper nutrition, all treatment may be unsuccessful. In this article, we consider what you can eat with pain in the stomach. What is the best diet to use for various organ diseases?

White bread crackers are well digested and absorbed.

Rye crackers are considered low-calorie, while they well satisfy the feeling of hunger. During an exacerbation, it is better to give preference to liquid cereals, light soups on vegetable broth. Sour-milk products normalize digestion processes and help strengthen the immune system. But the main condition is that they are fat-free.

Particular attention should be paid to fruit and herbal teas. These drinks enhance the production of gastric juice and normalize digestion. Doctors often recommend that patients inject jelly and jelly into the diet. They are of great value, as they envelop the walls of the stomach.

The menu must necessarily be lean fish and meat. This is a protein food, which contains a huge amount of nutrients that are simply necessary to normalize the digestive tract.

Since shop sweets must be excluded, and many people love sweets, it will be useful to bake an apple with honey in the oven. This dish contains many vitamins, it will help strengthen the immune system and normalize the entire digestive tract.

Try to eat food at the same time, so your body will get used to a certain routine and the stomach will be ready for a new meal. In just one or two weeks you will feel a noticeable result, while you need to be patient and not expect quick changes. After the diet, you will feel cheerfulness, a surge of strength, as well as lightness in the stomach.

For pain in the stomach, you can eat lean fish and meat

Features of nutrition, depending on the cause of pain

As mentioned above, gastralgia can be the result of a variety of pathological processes, for example, gastritis, ulcers, esophagitis reflux and much more. Consider nutritional tips for a variety of digestive diseases.

Peptic ulcer

An ulcer is a chronic disease of the stomach that in most cases causes Helicobacter pylori infection. This bacterium damages the mucous membrane, forming ulcers on its surface. The pathogen can damage the stomach itself and nearby organs.

Helicobacter pylori can enter the body due to non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene. The source of infection can be saliva, water, unwashed dishes and much more. Many people are carriers of this infection. You can get infected if you just have tea at such a person at home.

A large role in the process of the onset of the disease is played by the state of the immune system. If your internal defense of the body is at the proper level, then immunity can overcome the pathogen and the disease will not occur, if resistance is weakened, then there is every chance of getting sick.

Stressful situations, smoking, alcoholism, a genetic predisposition, malnutrition, uncontrolled intake of medications – all this and much more can serve as a catalyst for the development of peptic ulcer.

The main sign of pathology is the appearance of pain in the upper abdomen, the intensity of which increases at night. Physical activity, large intervals between meals, alcohol, fatty and spicy foods – all this can increase the pain outbreak.

Food for peptic ulcer includes gentle soups based on various cereals. As the preparation of meat dishes, it is better to use chicken, turkey, veal. It is better to cook chicken eggs soft-boiled or in the form of a steam omelet. Sour berries and fruits, alcohol, muffin, soda, hard-boiled drinks, preservation, smoked meats – all this is prohibited.

Reflux esophagitis

The disease is based on damage to the esophagus due to repeated reflux of gastric contents. The pathological process can develop against the background of gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection, hernias, pregnancy, obesity, alcoholism. Taking drugs that reduce the tone of the sphincter of the esophagus increase the risk of an ailment.
Bad habits like alcoholism and smoking can also trigger the development of the disease.

On the mucous membrane of the esophagus, erosion and sores are formed. Reflux esophagitis manifests itself in the form of belching, heartburn, swallowing disorders, pain behind the sternum or in the epigastric region, a lump in the throat. Extra-esophageal symptoms may appear, for example, persistent cough and hoarseness.

The diet for this disease includes the restriction of gas-forming foods. It is imperative to avoid overeating, the last meal should be a maximum of three hours before bedtime. Spicy, cold, hot food, alcohol – all this is prohibited.

Particular attention should be paid to products that lower the tone of the lower sphincter of the esophagus and further exacerbate the process: pepper, peppermint, chocolate, coffee, onion, fatty meat, cakes, garlic. With an exacerbation of the pathological process, it is difficult for patients to swallow food, so they are recommended for two days of fasting. Then they can switch to semi-liquid food.

Onions and garlic weaken the tone of the esophagus sphincter, therefore, with reflux esophagitis their consumption is extremely important to avoid

Preference is given to mucous soups, jelly, steam omelettes, as well as dairy products. Greens are allowed to be consumed in unlimited quantities. Raw vegetables and fruits during the exacerbation period will further irritate the mucous membrane. From sour and rich first courses will have to be abandoned. Light vegetable soups without frying are allowed.

Cancer

From stomach cancer, hundreds of thousands of people die every year. The causes of the development of the disease are still not fully understood. But there are many theories and assumptions, for example, it is believed that the risks of an ailment are increased in those whose relatives have been diagnosed with cancer. According to statistics, the Japanese are leading in the incidence of gastric cancer.

Perhaps this is due to their diet. They are dominated by a lot of salty, smoked, pickled food. Experts also see a connection between the onset of cancer and bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol abuse. Helicobacter pylori infection is found in half of the removed cancers! In the early stages of the pathological process, there may not be any symptoms at all.

A neoplasm can hide behind a clinic of gastritis, ulcers. Appetite loss and epigastric pain are few who are forced to undergo a full examination and consult a gastroenterologist. Many suppress pain with painkillers. As the disease progresses, the patient notices that he no longer enjoys his favorite food, he loses weight, there is an unreasonable weakness, a decrease in working capacity.

The presence of carcinogens in food affects the development of stomach cancer, therefore, such patients should have exclusively healthy food on the table

Many familiar and favorite foods with stomach cancer are strictly prohibited. Servings should be minimal. Try to keep the intervals between meals approximately the same. Chew foods carefully to reduce digestive stress and better absorption of nutrients.

It is better to eat fresh dishes, if possible, cook them immediately before meals. Salt intake should be drastically limited. Also follows the amount of fat, their total volume should not exceed the third part of the diet. In the first three days after surgery, hunger and a large amount of fluid are indicated. Thanks to this, the internal joints will heal faster.

All nutrients will enter the body parenterally, that is, through droppers. On the fourth day, low-fat broths with grated vegetables or cereals are introduced. About a week later, it is allowed to consume vegetables and cereals in a puree state.

When chemotherapy is also important to follow a diet. Patients are recommended to consume dairy products, as they contain a large amount of nutrients that can restore a weakened body. Low-fat meats will enrich the body with protein, iron and B vitamins.

Seafood is crucial for a cancer patient. They include omega-3 fatty acids, which are detrimental to atypical cells.

Gastritis

Gastritis is one of the most common ailments. In eighty percent of cases, people have at least once in their life encountered this ailment. With the inflammatory process, food begins to be digested worse, which results in a breakdown and lack of energy.

Patients complain of the appearance of such symptoms: nausea, vomiting, pain in the upper abdomen, which pass after eating, diarrhea, belching sour, heartburn. The stomach is the most vulnerable organ of the digestive tract, because it is here that the three stages of digestion of food occur: mechanical mixing, chemical breakdown and absorption of nutrients.

The diet for gastritis is selected depending on the level of acidity

With gastritis, you can eat cereals, crackers, potatoes, soups, lean fish and meat. With increased acidity, it is allowed to consume low-fat dairy products. It is good to drink milk with tea. Kefir has a high acidity, so it is better not to use it with hyperacid gastritis.

Cottage cheese is very beneficial for the stomach. From it you can make casseroles, dumplings, cheesecakes. With gastritis with low acidity, it is better not to consume whole milk, it can be added to cereals and teas. Cottage cheese, as in the first case, can be consumed only in moderation.

Intoxication

Ingestion of poor-quality foods or toxic substances can cause poisoning. Intoxication for the body is a lot of stress, for which all defense mechanisms are activated. The most common are food poisoning.

Intoxication causes not only digestive upsets, but also affects overall well-being. Most often, a person is concerned about such symptoms: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, weakness, headache, chills. With poisoning, there is no appetite, sometimes even from one thought about food, nausea intensifies.

Diet for intoxication includes fasting for 12-24 hours. At the same time, you should drink natural water as much as possible. Due to fever, diarrhea and vomiting, the body loses a large amount of fluid, so an adequate intake of plain water will help restore balance and prevent dehydration.

As a drink, mineral water without gas, rice broth, dried fruit compote, rosehip tea and more are suitable. Do not forget that water should be drunk in small portions, as a large volume of liquid can provoke vomiting. Food poisoning must be taken in a pureed or puree state.

Limit your salt intake. Too salty foods irritate the digestive tract and interfere with the restoration of the mucous membranes

Pain in the stomach is a symptom that can signal a wide variety of pathologies, including gastritis, ulcer, cancer, pancreatitis, polyposis. The diet is selected individually by a qualified specialist.

Clinical nutrition may vary depending on the diagnosis. A diet for pain in the stomach is the key to your recovery. Do not drown out the pain with analgesics, and when the first alarming symptoms appear, consult a specialist!

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