27.10.2021

Non-obvious dental diseases

The main problem is that you can not know anything about a cyst or granuloma for many years, and it’s good if one of these neoplasms detected during the examination, and not after exacerbation and breakthrough.

Neoplasms in the gum

Often, such neoplasms as a cyst and a granuloma of a tooth are detected by chance – during an examination of another tooth or in a preventive panoramic picture. Such formations must be removed, otherwise very unpleasant consequences can occur. A cyst is a vial filled with fluid that can transform into pus. At best, this pus will break its way out in the form of a fistula; at worst, blood will fall.

If we talk about granulomas, it should be noted that, as a rule, it arises as a result of poor-quality treatment of tooth canals, develops at the tip of the root and then gradually grows. Granuloma brushes replace bone tissue, which can lead to weakening of the ligamentous apparatus of the tooth. And if the neoplasms are located on the upper jaw, then to their penetration into the maxillary sinuses. The unpredictable behavior of cysts and granulomas makes you closely monitor them and get rid of them as soon as possible – this is a constant source of infection that weakens the immune system.

Caries

Poor oral hygiene creates a favorable environment for bacteria that soften enamel and destroy hard tooth tissues. In this case, caries can occur on any surface of the tooth, and not just on chewing. The development of caries on contact surfaces is especially dangerous – plaque accumulates there, which makes it difficult to make out a small spot. The same problem applies to fissure caries.

On the one hand, this is the chewing surface of the tooth, which is visible better than others, on the other, the shapes of the fissures, that is, the grooves on the tooth, differ: the bottom of the open fissure is visible well, and the bottom of the closed is not. She – fissure – forms a kind of bottleneck, on the bottom of which plaque and particles of food can fall, and it is almost impossible to clean them from there. It is there that caries develops, which may be invisible.

Dangerous fissure caries basal. It often arises from periodontal disease, and often in patients who come to the reception, this caries is in a very neglected state, which can lead to tooth loss.

Periodontitis

The disease of the ligament-holding apparatus of the tooth of an inflammatory nature, or periodontitis, is a big problem of the present. In our country, the incidence of periodontitis in the adult and elderly population reaches 90%. To the end, the causes of this disease are unclear.

Genetic, hormonal conditions of the disease are called, illiterate crowns, malocclusion are also referred to the reasons. This disease is difficult to detect at an early stage. As a rule, they come to the doctor with obvious symptoms: bleeding, pain in the gums, bad breath, exposure of the roots of the teeth – all this signals a far from the initial stage of the disease.

Bruxism

Increased nervous stress and stress have a bad effect on the human body, including teeth. Involuntary compression of the jaws, grinding of teeth characterizes a disease such as bruxism. The danger of this disease is that it manifests itself at night, in a dream, and a person, especially if he lives alone, may not be aware of the problem.

Bruxism accelerates the abrasion of teeth, leads to loosening, gum disease, hearing impairment. Depending on the severity of the disease, the disease is treated with night drops, which prevent jaw clenching and muscle relaxation. Soothing therapy is sometimes required. In addition, it is recommended to consult a neurologist.

Bruxism can be suspected by some indirect signs. If you complain of poor sleep, your head hurts in the morning, and you also feel pain in the temporomandibular joint, chewing muscles, face asymmetry, frequent dizziness, and you hear tinnitus, most likely this is bruxism. In this case, I recommend to see a doctor immediately.

Enamel “pearls”

Not always all tissues and organs of a person are formed correctly – sometimes failures occur. So, small growths can form on the teeth – enamel “pearls”, or drops. They can appear anywhere, most often in the pulp chamber or at the roots of the teeth. If they do not cause discomfort, they are not affected. If they formed on the roots of the teeth, they interfere with good oral hygiene and can provoke tooth decay or even periodontitis.

If enamel “pearls” interfere and bother, a specialist cleans them, and then conducts reminalizing therapy. The same thing happens if these “pearls” are located on the front teeth. They spoil the aesthetics of the dentition, and therefore get rid of them.

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