Midokalm in the form of tablets or injections, the choice of drug

What form should be used, it is recommended to ask the attending physician who has prescribed this drug. Both forms are effective, have much in common. For the treatment of children under 18 years of age, it is worth choosing Medocalm in tablets. Acute conditions should be stopped by injection. As a maintenance therapy, capsules are more suitable. For people who have lactose deficiency, it is better to use Midokalm in the form of injections.

With increased muscle tone, provoked by neurological diseases, doctors prescribe muscle relaxants. These funds include Midokalm. The drug is available in two forms: tablets and injections. Many patients have a question, which type of medicine is better to choose. It is important to make the right decision. The result of therapy, the timing of recovery depends on this. It is necessary to consider both forms of Midokalm and compare them with each other.

Medokalm tablets

It looks like tablets coated with a film sheath. The therapeutic effect is achieved due to the substance – tolperisone hydrochloride. In each tablet, such an element may be contained in a concentration of 50 or 150 mg. Additionally, the medicine contains titanium and silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, citric and stearic acid, microcrystalline cellulose, talc, hypromellose, macrogol 6000, and corn starch. The tablets are white. They have a biconvex shape. On one side is engraved “50” (“150”), which corresponds to the dosage.

Medokalm tablets

Refers to the pharmacological group of central muscle relaxants. It has a local anesthetic, membrane stabilizing effect. It is used for such diagnoses:

  • Raynaud’s disease.
  • Acrocyanosis.
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans.
  • Diabetic angiopathy
  • Spondylarthrosis.
  • Lumbar and cervical syndromes.
  • Little’s disease.
  • Intermittent angioneurotic dysbasia.
  • Diffuse scleroderma.
  • Arthrosis
  • Spondylosis

The drug is prohibited in such conditions:

  1. Intolerance to the composition.
  2. Myasthenia gravis
  3. Pregnancy.
  4. Age to three years.
  5. Breast-feeding.

If you ignore contraindications, then the development of such side effects is possible:

  • Headache.
  • Allergy (pruritus, urticaria, erythema, bronchospasm, Quincke edema, anaphylaxis).
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Discomfort in the epigastric zone.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Hypotension.

Take the pill orally with meals. Divide the product into parts, grind into powder is not worth it. Swallow the tablet whole with 50-80 ml of water. The dose is selected individually. It depends on the age, severity of the pathology. Children 3-6 years old are usually given 5 mg / kg, 7-14 – 2-4 mg / kg. The daily dose is divided into three doses. Adults and adolescents should take 50 mg of tolperisone hydrochloride 2-3 times a day. Gradually, the dosage is increased three times.

Midokalm injections

Available in the form of a solution intended for injection. The liquid is transparent, has a greenish tint and a specific smell. Designed for intravenous and intramuscular injection. Packed in ampoules.

Ampoules Midokalm

The active substance is tolperisone hydrochloride. It is contained in a concentration of 100 mg. The therapeutic effect is also achieved due to lidocaine hydrochloride. This component is present in an amount of 2.5 mg. Additionally, the preparation contains purified water, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, methyl parahydroxybenzoate.

Tolperisone hydrochloride has muscle relaxant properties. The drug is used in the treatment of such pathologies:

  • Thromboangiitis obliterans.
  • Diffuse scleroderma.
  • Raynaud’s disease.
  • Obliterating atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetic angiopathy
  • Little’s disease.
  • Arthrosis of the joints.
  • Encephalomyelitis.
  • Spondylarthrosis.
  • Cervical syndrome.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Vascular innervation disorders.

You can not undergo therapy with this medication in such cases:

  1. Age to 18 years.
  2. Intolerance to the composition.
  3. Pregnancy.
  4. Severe forms of myasthenia gravis.
  5. Breast-feeding.
  6. Hepatic and renal failure (relative contraindication).

Ignoring these prohibitions may result in the development of the following side effects:

  • Allergy.
  • Headache.
  • Hypotension.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Discomfort in the abdomen.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Dizziness.

Intramuscularly, the solution is administered twice a day, and intravenously – once a day. The optimal dosage is selected by the doctor individually. As a rule, the daily dose is equal to one ampoule.

Comparison: general points

Midokalm injections and tablets have the following features in common:

  • Produced by one pharmaceutical company.
  • Contain the same active substance.
  • They are used for the same pathologies.
  • They have the same contraindications and side effects.
  • They are effective.
  • Have positive reviews from patients and doctors.
Comparison: Differences

They have these forms and certain differences. They are as follows:

  1. Different composition of auxiliary components.
  2. Injections additionally contain lidocaine.
  3. Injections help faster, less often cause side effects.
  4. Tablets can be given to children, injections are given only to adults.

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