It should be noted that regardless of the form of release, the drug contains the same active substance, the dosage of which is also the same.
The drug has the same indications, contraindications and side effects.
Both tablets and capsules can be taken regardless of the meal, observing only one rule: equal time between meals. That is, if the drug is prescribed by a doctor three times a day, then it should be taken every 8 hours.
- The visual difference is that Amoxicillin in tablets is a solid form of the drug. Inside the capsules is the medicine in granular form.
- When choosing a form of release, any consumer will notice a price difference. As a rule, the cost of Amoxicillin in capsule form is higher than in tablet form.
- When taking the drug in capsules, up to 80% of the active substance enters the bloodstream. This is due to the contents of the treatment capsules – gelatin. It is rapidly absorbed and begins to act. When using tablets, absorbability is approximately 60%.
What form of release to choose?
- If Amoxicillin is prescribed to a child, it is better to choose a third form of release – a suspension. However, you may encounter the fact that there will be no liquid medicine in the pharmacy. Then it is better to choose a drug in tablets. The choice is explained by the fact that often children cannot swallow the whole capsule. And shaking the powder out of it may be unjustified. The process of drug absorption occurs in the small intestine. But before that, the capsule enters the stomach. In order to protect the body from premature ingestion of pure substance into the stomach, the drug is coated with a membrane resistant to acidic conditions. Thus, the medicine fully enters the small intestine, where the medium is already alkaline. Therefore, for children it is better to purchase Amoxicillin in tablet form. Moreover, it can be evenly divided into several parts, thus adjusting the dosage.
- It is also often difficult for people aged to swallow a capsule. It’s easier for them to crush the pill to take the medicine.
- If there are no problems with the digestive tract, but there is a need for monetary savings, you can choose Amoxicillin in tablets.
- Patients with a history of gastric disease should refrain from taking pills. Since the drug in solid form begins to act already in the stomach, thereby irritating its mucous membrane.
- In cases of severe complicated bacterial infection, the advantage should be given to the capsule form. They are more efficiently and faster absorbed into the blood. Thus, the active substance very quickly “hits the target” and begins to act.
Antibiotics are a powerful weapon against bacterial infections. The most famous and best-selling antibiotic is Amoxicillin. It has become widespread among patients due to its effectiveness and low cost. This penicillin-class drug fights staphylococcus, streptococcus, klebsiella, salmonella and other bacteria and fungi. In pharmacies, you can find Amoxicillin in capsule and tablet form.
Indications for use are infectious diseases caused by bacteria:
- Lung diseases.
- Gastrointestinal infections.
- Urinary system.
- Skin infections.
- Gynecological infections.
After taking Amoxicillin is rapidly absorbed from the digestive tract and is widely distributed in the human body. The largest amount of active substance in the blood is contained in 1-2 hours after administration. It does not matter when to take the pill: before or after a meal, since the presence of food in the stomach does not reduce absorption. More than half the dose of the drug is excreted unchanged in the urine. A small amount of the drug may be found in feces.
It should be remembered that the medicine has contraindications:
- Diarrhea and vomiting.
- Infections caused by a virus.
- Penicillin allergy.
- Hay fever.
- Lymphocytic leukemia.
During pregnancy, pills are taken only if the doctor decides that the benefits of taking the medicine will be greater than the risk to the baby.
Taking Amoxicillin has adverse reactions:
- From the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, enterocolitis, changes in liver function.
- From the nervous system: depression, insomnia, overexcitation, headache, dizziness, convulsions.
- Allergic reaction: urticaria, Quincke’s edema, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, erythema. very rarely – anaphylactic shock.
- From the hemopoiesis: anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia.
- Other reactions: tachycardia, candidiasis, superinfection, interstitial nephritis.
With prolonged use of an antibiotic, antifungal drugs and probiotics should be taken at the same time.
The tablet form has a dosage of 250 and 500 mg of the active substance.
One capsule of the drug contains 250 or 500 mg of amoxicillin trihydrate. This active substance is an antibacterial drug. The principle of its action is that it acts on enzymes that are in the walls of bacteria. Thus, the walls are destroyed and microorganisms die, which leads to recovery.
A drug is prescribed for infections of the following organs:
- Genitourinary system.
- Respiratory organs.
- ENT organs.
- Skin and soft tissue.
The capsule form of the drug is rapidly absorbed. The maximum concentration is reached after 1-1.5 hours. The drug is taken orally, regardless of the time of food intake and washed down with a glass of water.
There are side effects of the medicine:
- Often: dysbiosis, vomiting, nausea.
- Rarely: dermatitis, erythema, joint pain, insomnia, anxiety, anemia, shortness of breath.
- Very rare: cramps.
- In isolated cases: anaphylactic shock, rhinitis, conjunctivitis.