It is very important for a child to be able to join the team, obey the general rules and at the same time assert his rights. If, however, problems arise during the development of these skills, the baby cannot do without the help of adults.
Up to three years, children most often play with parents or with themselves. Even the kids sitting nearby in the sandbox act each according to their own script. They talk to each other and exchange toys, but their communication only looks like a joint action. By four years the situation is changing: most children prefer to spend time in the company of peers. But there are exceptions to this rule. The kid does not participate in collective games if he is not taken into the company, or
he himself does not want to obey the leader of the group and act according to the rules of others,
or hesitate to approach strangers when not called; or he’s bored. Many children do not play with peers because they are self-sufficient: they are often busy with their thoughts, interests and prefer to act independently.
Each situation requires trial and assistance from the parents. It is impossible to stay idle: if communication skills are not formed at this stage, it will not be easy for a child to communicate with people in the future.
If the child is not accepted either in the sandbox or in the preparatory group of the kindergarten, look for the reason in him. Observe: maybe he is too harsh, rude, stubborn or does not share toys. Talk to him and try to soften his behavior. When a conflict arises rarely or often, but always in the same company, it is a matter of the usual divergence of interests. Perhaps the crumb is simply not to the liking of the entertainments that are popular with his comrades, and he does not like to hide all the time, sculpt muffins or “play the role” of dad. It is not surprising, therefore, that he prefers to play alone. There is only one way out – to find the like-minded baby by changing the place or time of the walk.
A child will quickly learn to play with peers if he meets them in the same place, for example, on a playground or in a park. In familiar conditions, kids are more likely to make contact.
Forming communication skills, parents should take into account the capabilities of the child. Timid and shy children, when adapting in the company of peers, always need the help of adults. To unite comrades around her baby, mother has to bring unusual toys to the playground, come up with interesting games and participate in them herself.
Sometimes the baby has physical features, for example, he is full, therefore, he cannot run and jump along with everyone. In this case, parents should take care of the development of missing skills: take the baby to a sports group or pool. And it is not necessary to send him to a sports school.
A child who is having difficulty making contacts and is clearly embarrassed by unfamiliar babies also needs help. Such children often have low self-esteem, they are not confident in themselves. But the reason is not in them, but in their parents – too strict and demanding, accustomed to constantly criticize their children. A psychologist will help to correct this situation: he will tell you how to behave with a child, and teach him to praise.
If the child constantly refuses to make contact with other children, or his interaction with them is peculiar (for example, he always asks the same questions, makes obsessive movements with his hands or head, sways), consult a psychologist. This behavior indicates that the child may have psychological problems.
If your child is different from other children in terms of expression of thought, the degree of construction of the situation, you must definitely find the appropriate environment for it. according to years of age, developed children are bored of playing with their peers, and older children do not accept them in the company. During a walk, these single people prefer to play with their parents or with younger comrades, whom they like to patronize and instruct. The main thing is not to let the child play in his “elder brother”, because in life it is important to be able to be equal and obey. He can test the last two roles only in communication with his peers, so the task of adults is to come up with a game that will be interesting to both your “child prodigy” and his peers.