03.12.2021

Hypersensitivity of the teeth

According to statistics, tooth sensitivity is a very common phenomenon. Everyone sometimes had to experience this discomfort. Moreover, about 30% of patients suffer from this constantly. Sometimes this indicates the presence of serious dental problems.

WHAT IS HYPERSENSITIVITY OF TEETH

High sensitivity (also known under the name of hypersensitivity) involves the occurrence of unpleasant and sometimes very painful sensations during:

  • the use of sweet, sour, spicy foods;
  • just chewing;
  • the effects of low and high temperatures – both during the meal, from food and inhalation of air through the mouth.

The most frequent causes of hypersensitivity include caries, the presence of carious cavities, exposure of roots and necks of the teeth, damaged enamel. Wedge-shaped defects, demineralization of certain areas of the tooth and pathological dental abrasion can also be a source of hypersensitivity.

Often high sensitivity manifests itself during the consumption of beverages and foods with high acidity – for example, orange juice or soda. The fact is that the acid makes the enamel more porous.

GIPERSTESIA AFTER DENTAL TREATMENT

Sometimes a patient experiences high tooth sensitivity after dental work. This happens in particular after the whitening procedure due to the use of a special gel. To minimize unpleasant consequences in such a situation, we recommend you to use a special mouthwash, pastes and gels to reduce the sensitivity. Consult your physician to select the optimal variant of such funds. In addition, you can contact the clinic for the remineralizing therapy.

Sensitivity can lead and micropeplinae pulp that sometimes occurs after dental treatment.

Periodontal disease also can cause giperstesia, and then the solution becomes conducting professional hygiene procedures – in particular, the removal of sub – and supragingival deposits and further fluoridation of the teeth.

Finally, the cause of hypersensitivity may be bruxism (involuntary teeth grinding), leading to abrasion of the enamel and dental tissues.

HOW TO REDUCE TOOTH SENSITIVITY?

First, you should contact your dentist and determine what caused giperstesia. As a rule, to get rid of the increased sensitivity helps the elimination of its main causes (caries, periodontal disease, wedge-shaped defects) and the subsequent remineralization of the enamel. But often the discomfort experienced and the people who have no dental disease. Alas, it is the physiological norm for them. However, to date, been sufficiently developed drugs that help reduce sensitivity. They recommend the dentist. To improve effect help vitamin complexes.

When giperstesia caused by bruxism, you should contact gnatology, even if you use a special mouth guard.

USEFUL TIPS TO COMBAT GIPERSTESIA

Of course, when the first discomfort related giperstesia, you should immediately contact a specialist. However, there are prevention methods that you can adopt right now.

Pick the best toothbrush and don’t neglect the rules of proper brushing. The movements should be sweeping in the direction from the gums to the cutting edges of the teeth. Excessive pressure of the brush on the teeth is undesirable.

If hypersensitivity is not recommended to use abrasive and whitening toothpastes. There are options for sensitive teeth – it is better to prefer them.

Possibly reduce the consumption of beverages with high acidity, which we have already mentioned above. Avoid sudden temperature changes – for example, it is not necessary to rinse mouth with ice water immediately after hot coffee.

Visit your dentist regularly, including for conducting of professional hygiene and remineralization therapy.

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