List of doctor professions


An allergist  is an allergy specialist. They are referred to it for autoimmune diseases, allergic manifestations, and often “caught” colds and infections.

An anesthesiologist  is a specialist who understands the means and methods of providing anesthesia for acute pain syndromes, shock conditions, injuries, surgical interventions.

Vertebrologist  – this doctor specializes in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and spine.

A gastroenterologist  is a doctor who treats disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. He is treated with abdominal pain, digestive problems and stool, with any problems associated with nutrition and diets, including overweight. A dietitian also specializes in diets .

A hematologist  is a doctor who studies blood, blood-forming organs and treats blood diseases.

A gerontologist  is a doctor who studies various (biological, social and psychological) aspects of a person’s aging process, the causes of aging and the means of rejuvenation – the fight against aging.

A gynecologist is a “female” doctor who can help with diseases characteristic only of the female body (diseases of the female genital organs, cycle disorders) and diseases of the female reproductive system (hormone deficiency, infertility, contraception, pregnancy). In the hospital there are obstetrician-gynecologists who take birth.

Dermatologist and dermatovenerologist  are specialists in skin and venereological problems. These include chronic skin diseases, changed moles, any rash, itching, changes in the color and structure of the skin, in general, with everything that affects your body surface. Separately, doctors of  dermato-cosmetologists are distinguished .

An immunologist  is a specialist who works on the immune system. Often, the doctor combines the specialization of an allergist-immunologist.

An infectious  disease specialist is a doctor specializing in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases (including HIV infection).

Cardiologist  – a doctor who deals with the heart and blood vessels. It is worth visiting for chest pains, shortness of breath, palpitations or slow heartbeats, headaches with temperature changes, a feeling of lack of air.

Speech therapist  – diagnosis of speech development, prevention and correction of sound pronunciation, general underdevelopment of speech, writing and reading disorders, normalization of the pace and rhythm of speech, elimination of voice disorders.

A mammologist  is a specialist in diseases of the mammary glands, he is consulted for chest pains, as well as for any detected seals, neoplasms, discharge from the nipples, and so on.

Neurologist, neurologist  – a specialist in diseases of the nervous system, from headaches to the treatment of neurosis, pain of a nervous origin, inflammation of various nerves and other “nervous” pathologies.

A  neonatologist treats newborns, their body differs not only from the adult, but also from the body of older children. A pediatrician is involved in older children.

Nephrologist  is a doctor specializing in the treatment of kidney disease. Very often its functions are performed by a urologist in the absence of the need for a staff nephrologist.

An oncologist  is a doctor involved in the diagnosis of various neoplasms and the treatment of cancers.

An osteopath  is a doctor of alternative medicine, considering as a cause of disease a violation of structural and anatomical relations between various organs and parts of the body. Osteopathy is somewhat similar to manual therapy, the osteopath doctor works exclusively with his hands and finds even small changes in the condition of fascia, muscles, joints, bones and determines their effect on other organs of the body. Most often deals with diseases of the spine, joints, nervous system. Another area of ​​manual medicine is cranioposturology. A cranioposturologist is a doctor using the cranio-balance method (building the correct position of the skull bones).

Otorhinolaryngologist  – it is also called “ear-throat-nose” or ENT, a doctor who treats diseases of the ears, nose and throat, eliminates foreign bodies from the bottom (especially in children).

Ophthalmologist  (optometrist) – a doctor who deals with the organs of vision, studies the structure, work and diseases of the eye, methods of treatment and prevention of eye diseases.

A parasitologist  is an infectious disease doctor specializing in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of parasitic diseases caused by protozoa, helminths (worms), and insects.

The pediatrician  is a pediatrician. The pediatrician treats all children, except newborns, under the age of 14-16 years.

A podologist is a doctor (or more often a medical professional with a secondary specialized education), is engaged in  issues. This is a specialist in the foot, in his charge work with deformed nail plates of the foot,  ingrown nails, fungal lesions of the nails, corns, calluses, flat feet, sweating feet.

A psychotherapist  is a specialist doctor who treats mental, emotional and nervous disorders through verbal exposure to a patient using various psychotherapeutic techniques and techniques.

A proctologist  is a doctor who specializes in bowel diseases. He is also often called a “male” doctor, as among other things, he is involved in the treatment of prostatitis in men.

A pulmonologist  is a specialist who deals with respiratory diseases (treats bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, tuberculosis).

A rabbiologist  is a  doctor involved in the study, control and prevention of rabies.

A rehabilitation   specialist is a specialist whose field of activity includes rehabilitation treatment, correction of organs and the body, after illnesses, injuries, complications, burns, as well as work with people with disabilities and survivors of the war. He develops a separate treatment plan for each patient, combining various psychological methods with medical treatment.

Resuscitator  – is engaged in maintaining and restoring vital functions of the body for life-threatening diseases (engaged in resuscitation, who has studied resuscitation). Often, a resuscitator does the work of an anesthetist and vice versa.

A rheumatologist  is a specialist in the treatment of diseases of an inflammatory and dystrophic nature, in which connective tissues and joints are affected.

Somnologist – a  specialist in the field of medicine and neurobiology, is engaged in research and sleep disorders, their treatment and impact on human health.

A dentist  is a doctor who studies and treats teeth, the norm and developmental pathology, and studies methods for the prevention of various diseases of the oral cavity and jaw. and border areas of the face and neck.

An audiologist  is a defectologist who deals with deafness or hearing impairment. Diagnosis of diseases, treatment of hearing impairment, as well as the selection of hearing aids and their adjustment.

The therapist  is a first-aid specialist who diagnoses the disease and sends for further examination to narrow-profile specialists.

A traumatologist  is a doctor who should be consulted for any injuries: cuts, injuries, fractures, etc. An orthopedic traumatologist treats the musculoskeletal system, and a traumatologist-resuscitator is involved in rehabilitation after injuries.

Trichologist  – treats diseases of the hair and scalp. Trichology studies the hair and scalp, structure, growth phases of normal (unchanged) hair.

Urologist and urologist-andrologist  – he is often called the “male doctor”, but this is not entirely true. The urologist is a specialist in the problems of the genitourinary system, but the andrologist deals with disorders of the sexual functions in men, hormonal dysfunctions of the male reproductive sphere, and sexually transmitted diseases.

A phlebologist  is a doctor who treats diseases of the veins, in particular, varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.

Phonopedist (phoniatrist)  is a defectologist who is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of voice disorders. The phoniatrist makes the diagnosis and carries out the treatment, and the phonologist puts the voice, helps with the help of special exercises to develop the neuromuscular apparatus of the larynx and to master proper breathing.

A TB  specialist is a specialist in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Very often there is no separate TB office, so you should contact a pulmonologist.

Surgeon  – treats various diseases that require physical surgery.

Endocrinologist  – a specialist in hormones, metabolism. It will help in case of violations of the thyroid gland, other glands, adrenal glands, ovaries, pituitary gland and hypothalamus, hormonal infertility. On issues of female hormones, a gynecologist-endocrinologist is more common.

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