An alternative to the expensive and not too informative colonoscopy, cat scan, a barium enema. It is more simple, economical and effective method to learn about the following issues in the body: the presence or absence of different kinds of entities, including morphological changes, the size of the lumen, the length and character of the folds; to assess motor skills.
A similar survey has minimal radioactive exposure of humans. The procedure involves the preparation and introduction into the intestine of a solution of sulfate salts of barium.
Barium enema bowel recommended for people with certain characteristics:
- Felt pain and discomfort in the anus.
- Spotting, mucus and pus from the anus.
- Diarrhea with constipation for a long time.
- Ulcerative colitis and fistulae.
- Crohn’s Disease.
- There is a suspicion on the tumor.
- Impaired intestinal formation.
- And diverticulosis.
Another barium enema, assigned to the impossibility of conducting colonoscopy in cases of suspected tumor. But, as with any survey, it should be a certain way to prepare. This process is diet and cleansing.
Bowel before a barium enema should be thoroughly cleaned with the presence of small quantities of transparent mucus color. Otherwise all may be in vain, as the study is completed. When taking non-steroidal drugs against inflammation or blood thinning, be sure to notify the doctor. They are able to increase the risk of bleeding. To avoid this, you need to completely abandon them for a week or even 10 days before the survey.
To prepare for the procedure is primarily to observe uncindery diet. To do this, to eliminate from the diet foods that cause excessive flatulence and increased stool:
- Rye bread and gray.
- Any sweets, including sugar.
- Grain dishes.
- Fruits with vegetables.
- Foods cooked in a frying pan or canned food.
- Greens and mushrooms.
The basis of the diet in preparation for barium enema the colon should consist of protein products lean meat fish and eggs. Allowed to eat vegetable soup cooked on vegetables with rice, crackers, home-made wheat bread; cream of wheat, but not more than one dish per day. The day before the research of the intestine allowed to eat only liquid food in the form of vegetable broths, jellies, unsweetened fruit drinks, and weak tea. And be sure to drink plenty of water – at least 2 liters throughout the day.
Preparation of the bowel with enemas
But diet is not the preparation involves thorough cleaning of the intestine. This can be done in two ways – enema and drugstore products.
To prepare with an enema, you will need to acquire a mug Esmarch or a combination of the warmer. Heat the water to room temperature with lemon juice – it helps soften the fecal mass (1 liter of water/half lemon). Liquid filled receptacle mounted on the height of 1 meter from the procedure. Easier just to spend it lying on its side with toned knees to the head. Preferably to someone close helped, so how to put the enema difficult. Is necessary to regulate the pressure of the incoming water, strong pressure will cause pain.
Enema done the day before the barium enema bowel twice after lunch. Before the test for 4 hours is recommended to drink castor oil in the amount of one spoon or diluted in water of magnesium sulfate (25 g/0.5 cups of water).
In the evening to empty the bowel naturally and 8-9 hours to do two enemas. On the morning of the procedure is the same – to achieve a transparent wash water, indicating purity.
Review pharmacy means
1. This drug as Fortrans able to soften stool and loosen the existing stones. It generally well tolerated in all patients without suffering from pain and flatulence. The tool shown even nursing women. Contraindications treat people with heart failure, dehydration, obstruction and mucosal lesions.
Training will require approximately 4 sachets of Fortrans in the calculation of the 1 p/20 kg body weight.
The procedure is the following:
- If the barium enema will be carried out in the morning, 2 hours of the day should be lunch. And with 4-5 hours to start taking the Fortrans. To do this, the contents of the sachet diluted in 1 l of water and then use a solution within the hour. May cause feelings of nausea. To get rid of it will help the lemon, sucking on a clove after each meal the next dose.
- If the survey is scheduled for the afternoon, the floor needed doses of Fortrans need to drink prior to the procedure day around 6-7 PM. And the rest to eat the next morning – 7-9 hours.
Do not forget to follow the above recommendations for diet.
2. The following drug – Lavacol, specially designed to prepare a person to different kinds of research. To prepare a solution Lavacolla, you need to dissolve 1 sachet of powder in a glass of water. Lavacol need to drink for 20 hours before the scheduled procedure. Effective bowel cleansing is sufficient 3 liters consumed every 20 minutes in the glass.
Lavacol contraindicated in the presence of stenosis of the stomach, obstruction and intestinal perforation, ulcers erosion in the gastrointestinal tract, violations of renal activity, dehydration and toxic expansion of a thick intestine.
3. Great laxative, manufactured in liquid form, is Duphalac. Prepare it as follows:
- The whole bottle is diluted in 2 or 3 liters of water.
- The resulting mixture is used within 2 to 3 hours gradually.
It turns out about every 20 minutes glass of Duphalac. The cleansing process will start after a couple of hours after starting. The most comfortable and gentle way to cleanse the bowel before a barium enema is considered taking Duphalac.
4. Cleansing castor oil. Calculate the dosage of castor oil according to this scheme:
- Per 1 kg of body weight is taken 1 g of the product – measured amount is heated in a water bath.
- Squeeze the juice of one lemon in a separate container so that it turned over 2 times castor oil.
- Castor oil consumed in one gulp and immediately washed down with lemon juice.
After this procedure, you must not drink or eat. It is important to respect this condition in order to achieve maximum effect. To begin the meal will only be 12 hours later, start it better with yogurt or Apple.
The effects of barium enema
Do not be afraid of appearing in the subsequent 3 days after the barium enema is whitish impurities is an indication of injected material in the study. Cheerleaders have these symptoms:
- Ongoing abdominal pain.
- Discharge from the anus blood.
- Appeared weakness with dizziness.
These symptoms – the reason to go to the doctor.
Barium enema will not be assigned when the presence of the following diseases or symptoms:
- 1. Diarrhea acute mixed with blood.
- 2. When there is a risk of perforation of the organ.
- 3. The increase of the colon.
- 4. The rapid development of ulcerative colitis.
- 5. Tachycardia.
It is impossible to conduct a survey of women during pregnancy. There are experts that it is not necessary to subject the barium enema and nulliparous women. Relative contraindications are:
- Circulatory disorders of the intestine in the acute form.
- Suspected cystic pneumatosis.
- Acute pathological processes in the colon.
Although the procedure of barium enema can not be called pleasant, yet it allows you to accurately diagnose and improve the health by removing the body of toxins.