28.01.2021

Eye drops, against allergies

These drops contain anti-edema drugs (phenylephrine, naphazoline, tetrahydrozolin) and / or antihistamines (pheniramine or antazolin). Among them: Nafkon-A, Vizin, Opkon-A.

Other eye drops that contain anti-inflammatory agents, for example, Ketorolac (Akular), or corticosteroid eye drops (lottoprednol) also relieve swelling and irritation. There are also over-the-counter eye drops that help with allergies and hay fever.

Antihistamine eye drops, for example, azelastine, ketotifen, or olopatadin (Patanol) relieve symptoms such as itchy eyes and excessive tearing.

  • How do eye drops against allergies:  relieve inflammation, prevent the development of histamine. As a result, symptoms such as itching, swelling of the eyes, and excessive tearing are reduced.
  • Who should not use these drugs:
    • those who are allergic to this drug or its components
    • those who suffer from an infectious eye disease.
  • Method of application:  tilt the head back, with the index finger move the lower eyelid. With your other hand, gently press on the bottle, so that the required number of drops falls into the eye.
  • Interaction with other drugs and products: the  simultaneous use of corticosteroid eye drops and eye drops against allergies increases the risk of infection.
  • Side effects:
    • Allergy eye drops can cause a temporary burning sensation. If the burning does not go away, consult a doctor.
    • People who wear soft contact lenses should wear lenses only 10 minutes after using the drops.
    • Avoid contamination of the tip of the vial and the solution itself.
    • Corticosteroid eye drops can increase pressure on the eye, therefore, people suffering from cataracts or glaucoma, should be careful when using drops.
Leukotriene inhibitors

Montelukast (Singulyar) is an inhibitor of leukotriene, which relieves the symptoms of seasonal allergies and hay fever in adults and children over 2 years old.

  • How leukotriene inhibitors work:  leukotrienes – chemicals that cause inflammation during an allergic reaction. Leukotriene inhibitors reduce inflammation by blocking the action of leukotrienes.
  • Who should not use these drugs:
    • those who are allergic to leukotriene inhibitors
    • to those who suffer from Felling disease, because chewable tablets contain aspartame, a component of phenylalanine.
  • Method of application:  prescription leukotriene inhibitors are available in the form of tablets, chewable tablets, oral granules. The granules can be taken separately, can also be mixed with the products of the consistency of a casserole or apple sauce. This medication is taken 1 time per day.
  • Interaction with other drugs and products:  not detected.
  • Side Effects:  Leukotriene inhibitors are generally well tolerated by the body. Possible side effects are similar to placebo side effects: headache, pain in the ears and throat, infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

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