Jaw pathology or curvature of the teeth can occur at any age, until the formation of the dental-maxillary system is completed (this occurs after the eruption of the “wisdom teeth”). To prevent or identify a problem, you need to regularly visit the dentist. A good doctor will notice abnormalities and refer to an orthodontist.
On the consultation to the orthodontist, you can take the child yourself. For the first time it is recommended to do it when the baby is two years old. After examination, the specialist will determine if there is a pathology or prerequisites for its appearance and, depending on this, will give recommendations.
If there are prerequisites, it is necessary to work with what they are connected with. For example, if a baby constantly sucks a finger or bites its nails – wean it from a habit. If enlarged adenoids interfere with the baby’s nose breathing, consult with an otolaryngologist and solve the problem. With individual teeth that have small curvatures, special exercises can cope.
If there are problems with the bite or teeth , it is recommended to start solving them as soon as possible. The sooner you do it, the easier it will be to achieve positive results. Today, straightening teeth is carried out using braces or plates.
Braces are usually installed for children over twelve, although in some cases they can be installed from six to seven years old. These devices are attached to the teeth and are worn constantly. There are many types of braces: metal, ceramic, fully transparent, etc.
If a child has crooked teeth, the doctor may recommend wearing special plates . They are used for younger children (from about seven years old). Devices are made individually and firmly mounted on the teeth. Their main advantage is that they are easily removed and worn. In addition, the plates do not cause discomfort and invisible to others.
So that in the future your baby can flash a “Hollywood smile”, pay attention to your teeth from an early age.
How even the child will have teeth depends on the bite. Still often there are pathologies of individual teeth.
Bite in children
The bite is considered correct when the upper jaw overlaps the lower jaw. But all newborns are born with a feature in which the lower jaw is slightly pushed forward.
This is necessary so that the baby can comfortably grab the nipple and eat. Gradually the lower jaw becomes in place and the bite is formed: first milky, then replaceable, and behind it a permanent one. How it will be correct is influenced by many factors.
Abnormal bite in children can develop due to:
- Hereditary factors .
- Nutrition Features . If the baby does not eat hard food, his teeth and jaws do not get enough load.
- Chronic nasopharyngeal diseases that interfere with normal nasal breathing. For example, the formation of an abnormal bite causes adenoids.
- Speech therapy pathologies , for example, anatomically large language.
- The type of feeding . In infants who are breastfed for a long time, the correct bite is formed better.
- Bad habits . Since in small children the bones are soft and pliable, the habits of biting nails, fingers, sucking the nipple for a long time or eating from a bottle after a year can lead to bite pathologies.
Pathology of individual teeth
The rudiments of milk teeth are formed in the first months of pregnancy. During this period, their state is influenced by the future mother’s lifestyle and dietary habits.
When children begin to grow the first teeth, they, as a rule, are even and close to each other. As the baby grows, its jaw grows, because of this, the teeth often move apart and uniform gaps form between them. Such intervals should not cause concern to parents. Attention should be paid only to uneven gaps, which indicate an asymmetric development of the jaw plates.
Sometimes there are crooked milk teeth in children. You should not close your eyes for their presence and hope that they will even out with age. Take the child to a dentist’s consultation. This will prevent serious consequences, such as the abnormal development of primordia of permanent teeth.
Unfortunately, even with the right bite and good milk teeth, some of the permanent teeth can grow crooked. Most of the teeth, especially the front, erupt unevenly. This feature is considered normal. Gradually, going outside, the teeth unfold. Thanks to the growing jaws, the space for them becomes more and they are straightened.
However, sometimes the jaw does not grow as fast as the teeth that do not grow with the child, and erupt in such a size that will remain all my life. Then the teeth lack space and they twist or crawl over each other (sometimes lining up in two rows). Also, a tooth may grow crookedly in a child due to late removal of a baby tooth.