People who are forced to spend extended periods lying down and also sitting, were subjected to such an unpleasant phenomenon as pressure sores.
In bedridden patients most often develop bedsores at such places as:
Bedsores are the result of prolonged contact of the skin with rough surfaces, and the pinched small blood vessels. Since this phenomenon leads to the death of soft tissues, it requires immediate medical intervention. Probably the occurrence of ulcers and the development of tissue necrosis.
Bed sores complicate the treatment of bedridden patients. But since the emergence of this phenomenon is due to the long-term presence of the body in one position, pressure sores can develop in healthy people if they are in the same position.
How to prevent the occurrence. How to treat bed sores
Why in the coccyx formed bedsores?
For the prevention and treatment of diseases of the JOINTS our constant reader uses the increasingly popular NON-surgical method of treatment is recommended by leading German and Israeli orthopedists. Thoroughly acquainted with him, we decided to offer it to your attention.
These skin lesions are formed in the region of the coccyx as a result of regular pressure, the impact on the coccyx bias power, enhanced moisture, and friction.
In most cases this phenomenon occurs in excessively thin people and the elderly.
Also causes the formation of pressure ulcers are:
- improper patient care;
- incontinence of urine and stool;
- poor nutrition of the patient.
The risk group includes people who have diseases such:
- diabetes mellitus;
- Parkinson’s disease;
In addition, pressure ulcers are more common in males.
Stages of bedsores
Experts distinguish between 4 stages of bedsores.
Each of them is characterized by certain symptoms:
- 1st stage: the area of skin is red, there is swelling. The integrity of the skin is not broken.
- Stage 2: violated the integrity of the upper layers of the skin, likely to cause blisters and ulcers.
- 3rd stage: the skin is damaged down to the muscle layer. Color bedsores from light blue to black. Probable liquid discharge from the wound.
- Stage 4: the most severe pressure lesions of the skin. Damage is possible not only on the skin of the patient. Damage to the exposed tissue of the bones and muscles. It speaks to a deeper penetration of pressure lesions.
In all cases, the affected the areas of skin hurt, itch likely. Areas of skin nearby with bed sores that are prone to redness.
Skin lesions on the buttocks is a very dangerous phenomenon. Since in this region there are very important organs of life, for example, the rectum, the pelvic organs. These organs can be affected in stage 4 of developing pressure sores.
Thus, to avoid the formation processes of necrosis in the coccyx and buttocks should be observed that the crotch was always clean in bedridden patient, as not all are in control of the processes of micturition and continence of feces. This requires the use of special means of cleansing patients, as well as baby pampers.
Prevention of the disease
In order to avoid the occurrence of bedsores, it is necessary to reduce the pressure on the coccyx and buttocks. The position occupied by the patient should be comfortable for him and not cause discomfort. Also, the patient must periodically flip to the other side or on your stomach to monitor the condition of the skin or to follow the development of already existing pressure sores.
It is also important to ensure that the patient balanced fed. The food of the patient should contain a lot of protein and carbohydrates.
The patient requires high-quality hygiene care.
When the state of the soft tissues in the region of the coccyx begins to deteriorate, the patient feels tingling, the skin loses sensitivity. Already 2 hours after onset of symptoms likely to cause bedsores.
Effective preventive means are the solutions:
- camphor alcohol;
- salicylic alcohol.
Also popular is the decoction of calendula.
What care is required for patients
Treatment of disease – this treatment not only medicines. The patient is extremely necessary proper care. First and foremost, you want to relieve the pressure surface to the place where the formed bedsores. From time to time it requires to flip. If this is not possible, it is necessary periodically to create air baths for affected sites.
Massage the skin affected by pressure sores, in any case impossible. To do massage of surrounding areas is desirable. Such massage leads to improvement of blood circulation.
It is advisable to purchase special mattresses (see photo) or rubber rings. If you buy these mattresses are not possible, then you must ensure that bed linen was always clean and the folds on it were absent.
Such measures are necessary in the treatment of bedridden patient at home and in the hospital.
How to treat bed sores with the use of medicines
The medication depends on the severity of the disease. First and foremost, you want sores regularly, up to several times a day to wash. For this purpose antiseptic medicines. Sometimes used hydrogen peroxide. For washing is often used camphor alcohol (2 and 10%). Apply another alcohol. Alcohol diluted with water. Take 2 spoon of alcohol or vodka on 0,5 l of water. With open wounds and ulcers wiping the vodka is not recommended.
In the presence of purulent wounds appoint special bandage with antiseptic. Common in bedsores antiseptic is chlorhexidine. Also prescribed ointment. Effective is the Treatment.
Effective are preparations comprising such an element as silver. In the treatment of bedsores apply ointment with silver or creams. They have an antibacterial effect and promote speedy healing. We also used other drugs with antibacterial effect. This is necessary when an infection. The use of such drugs should be discussed with a doctor.
When pressure sores are already in the 3rd or 4th stage, it is assigned to surgical intervention. Necrotic tissue removed, the ulcer crater is cleared of pus.
After the dead tissue removed, you need to treat the wounds with antiseptic agents.
- necrolytic drugs;
In addition, the specialist prescribes medicines that are taken inside. This vitamins, immunomodulators and antibiotics.
On the 4th stage pressure sores removal of dead tissue is not enough. Required autologous patches of skin. Products it used are the same as in the treatment of damage of the 3rd degree.
Also to accelerate healing is used:
- current stimulation;
- laser radiation of low intensity;
- the ultrasound treatment;
- the electroacupuncture.
Coccygeal pressure ulcers have large sizes. After the dead tissue removed, the crater of the ulcer cleared of pus, moved skin flap. As in the coccyx blood vessels grow fast enough operation in most cases is successful.
How to cure a pressure sore on the coccyx using the methods of folk medicine
At the first stage of bedsores allowed treatment of pressure ulcers through the use of traditional medicine. Also folk remedies are often used as preventive measures. However, if the situation aggravated, you are recommended immediately to consult a doctor for the purpose safe and proper treatment.
For treatment with infusions of herbs. Effective is the infusion of the calendula. For its preparation you will need 2 teaspoons of calendula. They poured 2 cups of hot water. The broth infused for 20 minutes. After straining the infusion to wipe the affected skin areas.
To prepare the broth used oak bark, birch leaves, black elderberry.
All the ingredients are taken in the amount of 2 tablespoons. They are mixed and poured boiling water (600 ml). Then this broth is infused for 3 hours. After 3 hours the broth again you want to drain and again cover with boiling water. 6 hours is necessary to steep the broth. Through this broth make lotions. This method is considered very effective.
As prevention is the body of the bedridden patient frequently rubbed with a mixture. For the preparation of such mixtures requires water, vodka and shampoo.
Effective means of flushing folk medicine calls the alcohol camphor.
Traditional methods are good as preventive measures. To treat bed sores on the tailbone at home using the methods of folk medicine is not always effective. Such treatment can have not only positive effects but also negative. With the development of the disease requires immediately consult a doctor. After all, prevention of such diseases is much easier than treatment. How to treat bedsores? The answer is simple – it is better to go to a specialist.