This can happen in adolescents, because at a young age, the reproductive system is just beginning to work and develops its rhythm. In this case, there is nothing to worry about – within 1-2 years, the cycle usually becomes regular. At 12-18 years old, there may occasionally be failures in the cycle even after a longer period of time.
Constantly – this means more than 2 times a year. Single changes in the menstrual cycle should not cause concern, especially if you visit the gynecologist regularly and he does not detect pathologies
Signs of a malfunction in the menstrual cycle are:
- Constant change in the length of the menstrual cycle.
- Abundant menstruation.
- The absence of menstruation.
After 35 years in the period of premenopause, such phenomena are common. Must visit a gynecologist.
In some menstruation, they begin to walk regularly only after the first birth. In the postpartum period, menstruation is also irregular, if you do not feed, then usually everything stabilizes 10 weeks after birth. If there is lactation, then at this time there may not be any periods. And this is the reason why a woman can unknowingly miss a pregnancy. Breastfeeding? Conduct pregnancy tests and protect yourself with the barrier method (blocking the penetration of sperm into the cervix).
The first thing to do in a situation of delayed menstruation is to exclude pregnancy. Buy a few tests at the pharmacy. If doubts remain, it is worth starting with determining the level of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). This hormone rises the very first after fertilization, so this diagnosis is more accurate. The analysis can be done even without a gynecologist, simply by contacting any private laboratory.
There are many reasons why the menstrual cycle may be disturbed. Lifestyle is far from the last in the list of reasons. There are many ways to deal with irregular periods – both in traditional and traditional medicine. But before taking any measures, you should learn more about the very concept of menstrual irregularities. The fact is that the body of each woman is individual, so the length of the menstrual cycle can vary widely.
What is an irregular menstrual cycle?
Failures in the cycle occur when its frequency and duration are violated. That is, in one month critical days can go with a frequency of 28 days, in another – with a frequency of 32 days, etc. In women with an irregular cycle, one cannot predict how long menstruation will last.
Such failures are almost always a sign of trouble. And also this condition makes it very difficult to diagnose pregnancy early. The normal menstrual cycle in women has a duration of 21-34 days. It is dangerous if menstruation is not more than 60-70 days. The duration of bleeding should be 3-7 days. Too plentiful or meager discharge is a sign of trouble, therefore, with the first symptoms, you must consult a doctor.
Causes of irregular periods
Among the most dangerous diseases that are manifested by a malfunction of the ovulatory-menstrual cycle, there are benign and malignant tumors and ovarian cysts, endometriosis.
An irregular cycle can be caused by:
- In adolescence, this is possible in the first year after the menarche (first menstrual bleeding);
- The effect of radiation;
- Genetic factors (if the mother has problems with the cycle, the daughter may also suffer from this);
- Climate change;
- Low body weight;
- Physical stress (for example, you abruptly resumed training after a break);
- The effects of drugs on the body;
- The installation of an intrauterine non-hormonal spiral, perceived by the body as a foreign body that must be pushed out;
- A change in sexual life towards a decrease or increase in sexual activity;
- Bad habits, including the use of large quantities of strong tea and coffee;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Tumors and brain injuries affecting the pituitary gland;
- Vascular impairment;
- Autoimmune diseases (arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.).
Among the drugs that affect the nature of menstruation, there are antidepressants and hormonal contraceptives. The latter, if improperly selected, cause serious damage to the female reproductive sphere.
The delay is caused by remedies for gastritis and ulcers, so you can not really worry if you take them. But if you suspect you are pregnant, do the test.
Another reason for the delay is abortion, miscarriage. To restore the cycle in such cases, the doctor may prescribe a specific hormonal treatment.
Why does the cycle go wrong after a summer vacation?
In the summer it’s so nice to be in unfamiliar places, change your lifestyle to a more active one. But flights, unfamiliar food, great physical exertion can cause a menstrual cycle to fail. As a rule, this phenomenon is temporary, and menstruation after a while (several months) occurs regularly. No action needed. If the ovulatory-menstrual cycle has not recovered in 2 months, you will have to remember the phone of your gynecologist.
Holiday recommendations are very simple:
- Eat the usual food.
- Loads to increase only gradually.
- Do not overheat in the sun, especially in the presence of benign neoplasms like cysts, endometriosis.
Attention! Delayed menstruation after a vacation is normal only if there is little bleeding between cycles. Be sure to pay attention to this. Spotting in the middle of the cycle can be signs of endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, fibroids, and even the threat of abortion, which you may not even know about.
How is a shot cycle treated?
Usually, after consulting a gynecologist, examining in a chair, ultrasound of the pelvic organs and tests for hormones, treatment with such drugs is prescribed:
- Analgesics (for severe pain).
- Antibiotics (for infections).
- Hormones (with failures in endocrinology).
- Soothing agents, adaptogens.
- Vitamins, especially vitamin E (a lot of it in various oils and sprouted grains).
In addition, traditional medicine and herbal remedies can be prescribed. Please note that you can not take them without consulting a doctor! Phytoestrogens normalize the cycle well, but it is important that they do not conflict with estrogens that are produced by your body. Otherwise, there will be too much estrogen. And this is overweight, and problems with veins, and other troubles. But compared with hormonal drugs, when taking phytoestrogens, complications occur much less frequently.
The effect of drugs on herbs is milder, you need to take them in long courses so that the effect is really noticeable. As for homeopathic remedies, today the attitude of medicine to them is cool. They can be prescribed with other drugs, and such therapy only works if you believe in it.
Well helps infusion of water pepper and raspberry leaves. You need to take the infusion 3 times a day for a dessert spoon. It relieves pain during menstruation.
If you have chronic fatigue, you should consider taking medications that increase vitality. But only a doctor should prescribe them. Also pay attention to lifestyle: before the onset of menstruation, walk more, do not overload yourself with work. This period is conceived by nature for restoration. A woman before and during menstruation should devote more time to herself. Very useful yoga classes. They eliminate hormonal imbalance and disorders in the autonomic nervous system.
Inability to relax is a paramount problem in modern women. You can’t expect the cycle to be like a clock, if you are constantly nervous, go to bed late and eat whatever. It is imperative to focus on the plant diet, not on the animal. Maybe vegetarianism is not good, but a salad of vegetables, stewed, baked vegetables, fresh juices and smoothies should always be on the table of a woman who takes care of herself. Be sure to eat fruit in the winter, freeze the berries since the summer. Categorically you can not deprive your body of fat.
What doctors treat menstrual irregularities?
In order for menstruation to recover, you need to eliminate all pathological phenomena and exclude some undesirable factors from your life. And then you do not have to anxiously wait for the next arrival of “red days” or lie down during your period. Do not drink painkillers during their severe course. If you are very painful in the early days, there is nausea, chest pain, this means that something is wrong inside the body.
The first thing that is better to do in such a situation is to go to the gynecologist. He will oversee the entire process. Most likely, he will prescribe hormone tests at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. Blood is taken from a vein, and you can donate it in any laboratory. If the hormone balance is impaired, it is most likely that you will be prescribed to take combined oral contraceptives for 6-12 months. Menstruation will become regular and not so plentiful.
Do not forget about regular visits to the doctor after the cessation of menstruation in postmenopause. If menstruation has not been for 1-1.5 years, and then they resumed, this can not be considered the norm.
What if gynecology is okay?
Sometimes, to solve a problem, you need the help of a neurologist, psychotherapist, rheumatologist or endocrinologist. They can prescribe an MRI of the brain to find out the state of the pituitary and hypothalamus, recommend methods to deal with stressful situations, or they can be assigned a screening of systemic diseases that affect the state of the whole organism. Autoimmune systemic diseases involved in rheumatology. And with chest pain, you may need to consult a mammologist, especially if you have already been treated for mastopathy, or if your age is more than 35 years.
The thyroid gland also plays a large role in the body of a woman. If it functions poorly, there is a goiter, then menstruation will be irregular. This problem is very common in Ukraine due to iodine deficiency. Do an ultrasound of the thyroid gland, tests for TSH, T3 and T4 and refer to the endocrinologist with the results.
Another endocrinological pathology in which the cycle is violated is diabetes mellitus. In recent decades, even young nulliparous girls have been ill with them. In the initial stages, you can return to normal menstruation, observing a special diet. Special medicines and insulin are later added. Controlled diabetes allows you to bear and give birth to a healthy baby.
You have learned basic information about menstrual irregularities. With a long-existing problem without a doctor, it can not be solved. Find your gynecologist – experienced, competent, tactful, and then your reproductive health will delight you. An unacceptable negligent attitude to health and hushing up one’s condition from a doctor. To find out the real reason for the failure of the menstrual cycle can help any detail that you tell.