22.06.2021

Infant mortality and morbidity infectious diseases

According to who, in 2013, the global recorded 145 700 measles deaths and 400 cases per day.

Children is one of the most vulnerable groups at risk of infectious diseases.

This “banal” whooping cough is extremely dangerous for children under 2 years – according to who, in 2008, 195 000 children died from this disease. In developing countries, the average mortality rate among infants under one year old is about 4%. Or rubella, which, despite the ease of occurrence of the disease in pregnant women can lead to serious consequences, causing fetal death or congenital defects known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).

Of course, some infectious diseases treatable. For example, tuberculosis, which can be cured in most cases, provided adequate security and receive effective drugs. However, in unvaccinated individuals, not only the disease is difficult, but the treatment lasts a long time, and the risk of complications is extremely high. While vaccination provides protection against the development of dangerous complications such as tuberculous meningitis and disseminated TB in infants and young children.

At the same time, some diseases cannot be cured in principle. For example, there is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented through vaccination.

Maybe today not all remember how dangerous polio, and in fact in one case out of 200 in this disease leads to irreversible paralysis. But such an ordinary disease like mumps (epidemic parotitis) may cause the development of deafness and infertility (mainly in boys). So even those diseases, which seem to be “normal and nothing to worry about”, can lead to serious consequences, to correct which already is not possible. And the person receives a disability or significantly impairs their quality of life. But to prevent such consequences through vaccination.

Vaccination aimed at the prevention of epidemics, reduction of mortality and prevention of complications and disability due to diseases.

It is estimated that through immunization for all age groups of the population annually prevents 2.5 million deaths. Despite this unprecedented achievement, around 1.5 million children still die from diseases preventable with vaccines. This represents almost 20% of the total mortality among children under five years, reaching at present about 6.5 million cases per year (nearly 19,000 children die every day and almost 800 every hour).

THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN THE WORLD

KOLO 64% OF DEATHS OF CHILDREN IN THE WORLD ARE DUE TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES

According to data for 2013, the highest number of infant deaths in Russia – 44,5 10 thousand is caused by separate conditions arising in the perinatal period. 17.3 per 10 thousand babies die because of congenital anomalies and 4.2 – from external causes. Infectious diseases cause of death of children under 1 year 2.9 cases per 10 thousand children.

INFANT MORTALITY IN RUSSIA BY MAIN CATEGORIES OF CAUSE

Infectious diseases and parasitic disease in 2013 claimed 549 (3.5 per cent) lives of children under one year of age

DEATHS UNDER 1 YEAR, BY MAIN CATEGORIES OF CAUSES OF DEATH IN RUSSIA

Unfortunately, the increase in the number of cases of disease in a number of infectious diseases caused by too many not very well imagine the consequences of vaccine refusal. For example, many parents are not serious about the disease of measles, considering it a “normal” childhood disease, while measles is an extremely dangerous disease and is one of the main causes of death among young children.

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