Hormone pills for women are potent medicines. The pharmaceutical industry today has been able to synthesize all the substances that are produced by the endocrine glands. Hormonal drugs for women have found their application in obstetrics and gynecology. These drugs are used to plan pregnancy, treatment, as well as preventive measures. The scheme by which patients take these funds is a doctor. He selects the most effective drug, determines its dosage and duration of the course.
How to drink hormonal pills, the doctor will prescribe you, but self-medication can lead to disastrous consequences.
Female hormonal pills are prescribed to solve a variety of health problems.
Female sex hormones in tablets (both synthetic and natural) are divided into 4 broad groups:
- estrogens (steroidal);
- estrogens (non-steroidal);
- progesterones, progestogens, as well as analogues;
- combined hormones.
Female hormonal pills taken by the patient uncontrollably can cause serious complications in the body. As a result, these consequences will become irreversible.
In the ovarian follicles, estrogens are produced – sex hormones of a natural kind. These substances contribute to the normal functioning and development of the female body.
Estrogens affect systems and organs, therefore, after the use of estrogen-based drugs in the body, the following processes can occur:
- Proliferation of the endometrium;
- Uterine development and growth;
- Active formation of sexual characteristics of the secondary type;
- Stabilization of the general condition of the body, help to cope with disorders that have arisen due to a functional malfunction in the ovaries during menopause or radical surgical intervention in women’s health;
- Participate in the formation and maintenance of bone strength.
It is interesting that osteoporosis (brittle bones) occurs most often during menopause or during surgical intervention in the ovaries. As a result, the likelihood of pathological fractures is significantly increased.
If you take into account the effects of estrogen, then tablets can be taken in the following conditions:
- Menstrual irregularities (for example, amenorrhea) in women of childbearing age.
- Underdeveloped genitals.
- Weakly expressed secondary sexual characteristics or their complete absence.
- Disorder after ovarian surgery and menopause.
- Problems with labor
- Postponed pregnancy (over 42 weeks).
- For the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during menopause.
Synthetic female hormonal drugs are increasingly being used. Medicines of natural origin (conjugated estrogens) also do not lose their popularity.
Female sex hormones in tablets are presented on the pharmacology market with the following drugs:
When using estrogenic drugs, a woman must be constantly monitored by the attending doctor. Long-term use of such drugs can cause uterine bleeding of various types of intensity, the formation of tumors, and the growth of the endometrium.
Estrogenic drugs are prescribed in the following situations:
- the appearance of neoplasms in people under 60 years of age;
- pathological conditions of the mammary glands (various forms of mastopathy);
- inflammatory processes in the endometrium;
- menopause period.
Refers to funds that are based on conjugated estrogen. Premarin is popular among women, but it should be drunk with special care. Contraindications to taking Premarin include diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, hypertension, CNS pathology, metabolic pathology of a hereditary nature. An absolute contraindication to taking Premarin is pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The effect of the drug is significantly reduced while taking with rifampicin, butadione, barbiturates.
The medicine is prescribed to patients in the following conditions:
- Violations of the ovaries.
- Decreased bone strength (osteoporosis) during menopause;
- Unstable menstrual cycle, lack of menstruation;
- Menopausal disorders;
- Neoplasms in the prostate.
Female hormonal pills (estrogen, progesterone) can bring both benefit and harm. Much in this case depends on the correct application.
The lack of natural estrogens can be compensated with the help of the drug Estroferm, which stabilizes the ovaries and also reduces the severity of adverse symptoms during menopause. The drug is not a contraceptive, because it cannot be a protection against an unplanned pregnancy.
If the drug was not able to normalize the menstrual cycle, and the discharge continues to be irregular, additional studies should be done to establish the exact cause of the hormone imbalance in the body.
With prolonged treatment with the use of the drug Estroferm, there is a need for regular preventive examinations.
You should stop taking the medicine if:
- the functioning of the cardiovascular system worsens (blood clots appear, blood circulation stagnates, blood pressure rises);
- yellowness of sclera and skin is observed;
- vision deteriorates;
- planned surgery.
Progesterone, gestagens and their analogues
Progesterone is a hormonal substance of the corpus luteum. It stimulates the appearance of changes in the uterine mucosa, which are characteristic of the secretory phase of the monthly cycle. During pregnancy, changes the mucosa to create optimal conditions for the development of a fertilized egg. Also, progesterone significantly affects the reduction of contraction and excitability of the smooth muscle fibers of the fallopian tubes and uterus, stimulating the excretory ducts of the mammary glands during lactation.
Progesterone of synthetic origin has a similar effect. In most cases, the drug is tolerated without side effects, but sometimes there is an increase in blood pressure, as well as swelling of the legs.
If we talk about female hormonal pills that contain progesterone, then the following drugs can be called:
Progesterone and hormone analogues are used in the development of pathological processes in the liver, the appearance of neoplasms in the mammary glands and reproductive organs, when there is a risk of blood clots.
Pregnin is a hormonal drug. This drug is based on synthetic progesterone. The therapeutic and biological effect of this medicine is almost identical to that of the natural hormone produced by the corpus luteum. But there is confirmation that Pregnin has a low activity compared to natural hormone (at least 5 times).
The main feature of the drug is that it retains the therapeutic effect and activity when ingested at a high level. Pregnin is not recommended for use in the presence of a threat of miscarriage or a beginning miscarriage.
Pregnin can be prescribed in such conditions:
- Low functional activity of the corpus luteum;
- The occurrence of uterine bleeding due to abnormalities in the ovaries;
- Lack of menstruation;
- Lean menstruation, short periods;
- Pain during menstruation;
- Infertility therapy with a combination of progesterone and estrogens.
The Pregnin tablet must be placed sublingually (under the tongue) and wait until the product dissolves. The product should be absorbed in the oral cavity. This allows you to provide a high therapeutic effect compared with swallowing and absorption through the gastrointestinal mucosa.
Some hormonal drugs for women can be purchased without a prescription. At the same time, such preparations should not be used without prior consultation with a specialist.
The gestagen drug is Norkolut. It is based on norestirsterone, has a high activity when taken orally. For each patient, the dosage of the drug is selected individually. This allows you to make the treatment highly effective, as well as to avoid side effects.
So, when should Norkolut be used:
- Premenstrual disorders;
- An irregular menstrual cycle, during which a decrease in the secretory phase is observed;
- Pain in the mammary glands;
- Endometriosis (proliferation of the uterine mucosa);
- Irregular and heavy periods;
- Menopausal bleeding from the internal genital organs;
- Benign lesions in the uterus.
As for the side effects, when using the drug the following conditions can be observed: headache, rash, nausea, weight gain, itching, increased fatigue, and also swelling of the mammary glands.
Before you start treatment using Norkolut, you should undergo an examination. This is important for the complete exclusion of malignant tumors in the genitals or chest.
He is rightfully recognized as one of the most popular contraceptives of today recognized Postinor, which is based on progesterone of synthetic origin. Clinical studies of Postinor made it possible to establish that the drug protects against unplanned pregnancy by 85%.
Take Postinor should be according to the instructions. Its effectiveness depends on how quickly the drug was taken after intimacy.
If Postinor is taken within a few hours after sexual intercourse, then protection against pregnancy is 95%, which indicates a high level of drug effectiveness. When taking Postinor after 2-3 days, the effectiveness is reduced to 60%. If you took the drug according to the instructions, then it will not have any negative effect on blood coagulation and metabolism.
Reception Postinor contraindicated:
- Children under 16 years old.
- For those who have pathological processes in the liver, severe organ failure.
- Hereditary serious diseases (lactose intolerance).
- High sensitivity to the main component of the drug.
Postinor exerts an effect before implantation (implantation) of a fetal egg into the uterus, but after that the agent loses its effectiveness.
Combined hormonal drugs
Scientists were able to use progestins and estrogens (as well as drugs with a similar spectrum of action) to create hormonal combined drugs that are used to eliminate disorders during menopause and, if necessary, treat cancer. Basically, such hormonal drugs for women are used not only in medical, but also in preventive measures. But it is worth remembering that hormonal drugs have side effects on the body.
The use of hormonal drugs (contraceptives are also included in this list) should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor.
In pharmacies, you can purchase the following combined hormonal pills for women, created on the basis of progesterone, estrogen and analogues of these substances:
Belongs to the group of combined contraceptive hormonal drugs that provide protection against unwanted pregnancy. Ovidon is released without a prescription, but nevertheless, the opinion of the gynecologist should be taken into account. A specialist will give advice on the proper use and dosage of hormonal tablets.
Ovidon is used not only as a contraceptive, but also to eliminate menstrual irregularities and relieve painful symptoms.
At the beginning of taking the remedy, nausea, headaches, vomiting, weight fluctuations, increased fatigue, skin rashes, spotting from the genitals may appear. Pills are stopped when pregnancy occurs, the appearance of venous thrombosis, poor blood circulation, decreased vision, and any exacerbation of chronic diseases. Caution should be taken in women over 35 years of age.
This drug is also included in the group of combination agents. Pregestrol consists of two active ingredients – ethinyl estradiol and rotten. These same substances are part of foreign analogues of the drug – Lutestrol and Klimovan.
Pregestrol has proven itself to solve problems during menopause. The tool normalizes the hormonal balance of estrogen and progestogen.
Also, the drug is used to eliminate anovulation (when in the second phase of the cycle a mature egg does not exit the ovary). Treatment should be prescribed by a doctor after studying the individual picture of the disease. The number and duration of therapeutic measures depends on the woman’s health status and the effectiveness of previous courses of treatment.
Adverse reactions when taking this hormonal drug may be increased fatigue and mood swings. Prolonged treatment with Pregestrol can cause the development of male secondary sexual characteristics (androgenic activity).
If you observe unusual conditions, side symptoms and signs, you should consult a doctor. Pregestrol is not used after gynecological operations to eliminate neoplasms.