28.11.2020

Zistan: instructions for use

Zistan is a drug of herbal raw materials, since 1943, is widely used in complex therapy of urolithiasis and urinary tract infections. The drug prevents the formation of urinary stones (calculi), removes small stones, has anti-inflammatory action. Botanicals Cystone have a complex effect on the body and contribute to the improvement of patients suffering from urolithiasis.

Pharmacological action

Complex of biologically active substances in the composition of the drug Zistan, has a diuretic, antispasmodic, italicise, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect.

Zistan regulates the crystal-colloid balance in dismetabolic nephropathy, prevents a glut of lithogenic substances, controls the absorption of diamid oxalic acid from the intestines.

Zistan slows down the process of the formation of stones by reducing the concentration in the urine of substances like oxalic acid, calcium hydroxyproline, contributing to the formation of stones. The drug increases the content of elements that slow down the formation of rocks (sodium, magnesium, potassium).

By acting on the mucin, Zistan contributes to the fragmentation of concrements, leads to a decrease in the content of them with mineral components, which facilitates their expulsion. The drug prevents the accumulation of particles around the nucleus of the stone, which prevents its further growth.

Litolitic effect of the drug is not dependent on urine pH. Stimulating diuresis and relaxing the smooth muscles of the urinary tract, Zistan promotes the excretion of crystals of oxalates, phosphates, urates and small stones from the urinary tract. Its anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic action relaxes ureteric colic and ease the symptoms of painful urination.

Zistan has bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects, more pronounced against Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonasaeruginosa, Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria. Its antimicrobial activity useful in the treatment of infections of the urinary tract.

Dosage form Cistone, description, composition and packaging of the drug

Zistan available in bottles of 100 tablets. One sealed vial together with instruction for use is placed in cardboard pack.
Round biconvex tablets of light brown color with patches of lighter and darker colors.

The contents of one tablet Properties of the plant
Flower extract of dvupolnye stebelkova 65 mg A diuretic effect.
Extract stems saxifrage tongue 49 mg Contains active components afzelechin and bergenin, tannins with antimicrobial properties. Contains bergenin – a diuretic. Its intake helps dissolve kidney stones.
Extract stems madder serdtselistny 16 mg Rubanova acid, part of the plant, dissolve oxalate stones in the urinary tract, helping them to discharge without surgery. Astringent, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect.
Extract of rhizomes membranous syt 16 mg Has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Seed extract Solomiya rough 16 mg Has strong anti-inflammatory, astringent, analgesic and diuretic effects.
The extract of the aerial parts onosma prechodovy 16 mg Shows diuretic, analgesic, soothing, antispasmodic effect. Regulates diuresis, used for painful bladder sensitivity.
The extract of the whole plant of vernonia ash 16 mg Antimicrobial, antispasmodic action.
Powder purified Shilajit 13 mg Treats disorders of the urinary tract due to the toning effect.
Powder lime silicate 16 mg Diuretic in disorders of urination (urinary retention) and other diseases of the urinary tract.
Extracts and powders are processed over the steam extract mixture of vegetable raw materials: the aerial parts fragrant Basil, seeds, broadbeans, ground burnut fruits, seeds of Mimosa pudica, the whole plant pavonia fragrant, whole plant of Equisetum, seeds of teak.

Excipients: magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, crospovidon, silicon dioxide colloidal (Aerosil).
The combined effect of components enhances the activity of the drug Zistan, which is typical of herbal medicines.

Testimony

Complex therapy of urolithiasis (oxalate, phosphate and urate stones).

Prevention of postoperative recurrence of stones.

Crystalluria.

Urinary tract infection (cystitis, pyelonephritis).

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Acute pain in the kidneys and urinary tract.
Children up to age 12 years.
You cannot use Zistan in the presence of large stones (more than 9 mm in diameter) because of the threat of disorders of urine outflow – obstruction.

Use in pregnancy and lactation

The use of the drug is not recommended during pregnancy and breastfeeding at the insufficient data on the effectiveness and safety of the drug under these conditions. If necessary, the use of the drug during lactation breastfeeding should be discontinued.

Method of application and dosing

The use of the drug Zistan recommended due to high fluid intake to 2 – 2.5 litres a day.
Inside, after eating.

Doses for adults and adolescents

In urolithiasis and crystalluria: two tablets two to three times/day for 4 to 6 months, or the period of origin of the stones or of decreasing symptoms of crystalluria.

In the treatment of urinary tract infections (cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, and other): 2 tablets 2 times/day. The duration of treatment is 2 to 3 weeks or until the normalization of clinical symptoms and laboratory tests.

The treatment time can be prolonged depending on the severity of the disease on the recommendation of a physician.

Side effects

Allergic reactions are possible.
If any of the instructions side effects worsen, or you notice any side effects not mentioned in the instructions, inform your doctor.

Overdose

To date, the cases of overdose have not been identified, therefore, overdose symptoms are not described. In order to avoid overdose, strictly follow the instructions for use. Treatment in case of accidental overdose drug Zistan symptomatic.

Special instructions

Because the therapeutic effect of the drug develops gradually Zistan, you should stop taking it with the appearance of acute pain in the kidneys and urinary tract and consult a doctor.

The use of the drug for kidney stones requires a diet with restriction in the diet of nutrients, contributing to the formation of salt crystals or stones in the urinary tract, and taking into account the peculiarities of metabolism and acid-alkaline reaction of urine.

The use of the drug in urolithiasis and crystalluria does not depend on the composition of stones and urine pH. The drug is effective in oxalate, urate, phosphate urolithiasis.

Discontinuation of the drug Zistan syndrome is missing. In elderly patients and patients with renal insufficiency correction dose is not required. Special measures in missing one or several doses of the drug are required. If the patient one or more times skips the medication should continue taking the drug as recommended in the user model, without doubling the dose.

Special precautions for disposal of unused drugs is not required.

Interaction with other drugs

The use of the drug with antibiotics enhances the effectiveness of therapy.

Zistan increases the bioavailability of norfloxacin. In a joint application with co – trimoxazole in animal experiments Zistan delayed the absorption of sulfamethoxazole, significantly increasing the bioavailability, and accelerate the absorption of trimethoprim without exerting a significant influence on its bioavailability. When using these medicines at the same time with the drug Zistan you may need to adjust their dose.

The drug does not affect the performance of potentially hazardous activities that require special attention and fast reactions (driving and other vehicles, work with moving machinery, work Manager/operator, etc.).

Zistan is available without a prescription. The manufacturer of a medicine company “Himalaya Drug Company”, India.

Analogues

Zistan refers to preparations of group of pure terpenes. Are medicines of plant origin, containing essential oil. Urolithiasis them are used for therapeutic and preventive purposes. For the treatment of terpenes prescribed if the stones have a tendency to self-discharge.

Causing an overflow of blood vessels of the kidneys, Zistan and its analogues improve renal blood circulation and promote diuresis. Medicines relieve spasm of smooth muscles of the pelvis and ureters. At the same time these drugs increase peristalsis, facilitating passage of stones.

Pure terpenes exert a bacteriostatic action on microbial flora. Some of them also increase the concentration of protective colloids in the urine that prevents the crystallization of salts in the conditions of glut of them.

Used when the stones, which can move without breaking the flow of urine, without causing expansion of the Cup-renal pelvis system of the kidney that was complicated by acute attack of pyelonephritis.

Pharmaceutical market is saturated with herbal remedies intended for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the urinary system, including cystitis, kidney stones. Analogues Cystone are Madder dye extract, Cysteinyl, Rowatinex, Olimetin, Kanefron, Urolesan, Vitalizing Extract, horsetail herb, Grass knotweed (knotweed), Enatin, Avisan, Fitolit, Neuron, Euroflux, Marlin and others.

Madder dye extract

Extract madder dye has a diuretic and antispasmodic action, promotes the loosening of urinary calculi containing phosphates of calcium and magnesium. The drug promotes the loosening of kidney stones, mainly oxalate and phosphate, caused by the process of grinding and removal of stones and sand from kidneys and urinary tract. Extract madder dye improves skin tone and increases peristaltic contraction of muscles of the renal pelvis and ureter, at the same time, reduces spasms, facilitating passage of stones from kidneys and urinary tract.

The use of the extract of madder as a lytic components allows to reduce the dose of the citrates of sodium and potassium, thereby to reduce the load on the cardiovascular system.

Medication take 2 – 3 tablets 3 – 4 times a day. The course is 20 – 30 days. If necessary, repeat after 4 to 6 weeks.
Madder stains the urine a reddish color. With a sharp staining in brown-red color, reduce the dose or temporarily stop receiving the drug.

Cysteinyl

Cysteinyl – complex preparation containing tincture of madder root, magnesium salicylate, essential oils, ethyl alcohol, olive oil. The drug has antispasmodic and mild diuretic effect, relaxes the musculature of the ureter and facilitate the passage of small stones.
Cysteinyl assign inside of 4 to 5 drops on sugar 3 times a day an hour before meals. When the attack of colic – 20 drops once.
Contraindications: glomerulonephritis, kidney stone disease with impaired renal function, peptic ulcer.

Rowatinex

Rowatinex is the founder of modern analogues. Foundation medicine is a special combination of plant terpenes anethole, borneol, camphene, pinene, Fanchon, cineol.

Medicine have diuretic, anti-inflammatory (antibacterial), antispasmodic action. It increase renal blood flow, promotes discharge of stones and their fragments, improving kidney function and increasing urine output. The drug enhances the pharmacological effect of antimicrobial agents.

The purpose Rowatinex increases the percentage of separation of the fragments of the stones after extracorporeal lithotripsy with the decline in pain intensity. The drug contributes to the reduction of leucocyturia, increase in daily diuresis and stabilization of the pH of urine.

The drug is not accompanied by the development of complications, side-effects, allowing you to take it for a long time in the complex lithokinetic therapy and metaphylaxis of recurrent stone formation.

Clinical efficacy of the drug Rowatinex for the treatment of patients with kidney stones and the ureters, can not be doubted. The preparation is successfully used in 50 countries. Range of published clinical trials of the drug provides strong evidence of the benefits of therapy Rowatinex.

The kanefron

Part of the Kanefron includes centaury, lovage and rosemary. The drug is a diuretic that reduces the permeability of capillaries of kidneys and has antispasmodic effect. Advantage drug is a combination of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, which is important in the presence of chronic inflammatory processes in the urinary tract.

The drug is used in complex therapy of the following diseases: chronic bladder infection (cystitis) and kidneys (pyelonephritis); non-communicable chronic inflammation of the kidney – glomerulonephritis, interstitial nephritis. The kanefron has a positive effect on renal function in patients with urolithiasis after surgery and extracorporeal lithotripsy.

Contraindications: gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the acute stage; children’s age (for solution – up to 1 year, for drops up to 6 years); alcoholism; lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, deficiency of sucrase/isomaltase.

Olimetin

Olimetin is a complex herbal preparation that contains essential oils. The drug promotes the discharge of small concretions, providing antispasmodic, diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
For the treatment prescribed 2 capsules 3 to 5 times a day prophylactically – 1 capsule per day for a long time.
Contraindications: violation of urination, acute and chronic glomerulonephritis, hepatitis, peptic ulcer.
Analogues Olimetin composition and mechanism of action are the imported drugs Enatin, Hrovatin, Rowachol.

Urolesan

Urolesan has antispasmodic effect, promotes discharge of stones, reduces inflammation in the urinary tract, increases bile production and delchevalerie. Apply with cholelithiasis and urolithiasis, calculous pyelonephritis and cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia.
Is the inside of 8 – 10 drops 3 times a day before meals. Course – from 5 days to 1 month. I – 20 drops per reception.
Contraindications: gastritis (except for gastritis with secretory insufficiency), gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the acute stage.

Phytolysin

Phytolysin – vegetable pasta. Consists of terpenes and other essential oils, containing flavin, Inositol, saponins, glycosides, cineole, camphene. Has antispasmodic, diuretic, bacteriostatic action. Due to the saponins on the surface tension of the protective colloids is reduced and they are emulsified, which hinders the formation of bladder sand and kidney stones. Is a good anti-vehicle in the postoperative period.

Phytolysin is available in tubes of 100 g is Taken one teaspoon of paste in half a Cup of sweet water 3 to 4 times a day after meals. Loosening of stones is slow. The drug is well tolerated and can be taken long-term.

Knotweed grass

Grass knotweed (knotweed) promotes discharge of stones urolithiasis, has a moderate anti-inflammatory effect.
Taken internally as a tincture 2 tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.

Horsetail extract

Horsetail extract dry has diuretic, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant and disinfectant action, promotes the proliferation of connective tissue, promotes tissue regeneration, stimulate the function of the adrenal cortex, have a restorative effect.

The main pharmacological action of horsetail is a diuretic activity. Also the drug has a favorable effect on calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Flavonoids contained in the leaves of horsetail have krovoostanavlivayuschee action. It is important that this process takes place according to the mechanism of strengthening of capillary walls, without affecting the osmotic parameters of blood and causing a risk of thromboembolism. Flavonoids can stop the process of hematuria caused by damage to the tissues of the calculus.

The silicon contained in large amounts in the horsetail, organic silicon acids, which are the defenders of the urine colloids. Prevents the formation of new stones that positively affect the leaching of existing stones. This feature of the organic silicon compounds can play an important role in the treatment of urolithiasis.

In inflammatory processes in the urinary tract in addition to the prescription antibiotics used a decoction of horsetail herb.
When designing the composition of the drug it is necessary to use several systems of influence:

  • citrate complex (citrate of sodium and potassium);
  • phytochemicals (extracts of madder dye and horsetail);
  • complex ions of magnesium with pyridoxine hydrochloride.

This combination will potentially be able to greatly facilitate the dissolution and discharge of small calculi, accelerate the rehabilitation of patients after the procedure, shock-wave lithotripsy, and will also be an effective tool for the preventive therapy of urolithiasis.

  • Attention! Description of the preparation is simplified and augmented version of the official instructions for use. Information about the drug provided solely for informational purposes and should not be used as a guide to self-healing.

Table 1

International nonproprietary name The trade name of the drug Price Release form Manufacturer
Zistan 347 RUB. Tablets 100 pieces</td India
Madder dye extract 90. Tablets 250 mg, 20 pieces</td Russia
Cysteinyl 210 RUB. Bottle 10ml</td Czech Republic
Rowatinex 1 349 RUB. Capsules, 50 pieces</td Ireland
The kanefron 373 RUB. Bottle 100 ml</td Germany
Urolesan 280 RUB. Bottle 25 ml</td Ukraine
Phytolysin 364 RUB. Tube 100 g</td Poland

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  1. Incredible! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

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