Elkar drug that can be administered to both adults and children. However, most often it is used in pediatric practice. It is suitable, in particular, for infants, and even newborns. Therefore, parents should know what kind of medicine what a good thing for infants, and when it is applied.
The description of the drug
Elkar belongs to the class of funds to improve metabolism. It consists of L-carnitine (l-carnitine or just carnitine), the particular substance which is the body of all people, contributing to improved energy metabolism in the tissues. Interestingly, for the first time carnitine was discovered by scientists in the meat, hence its name, from the Latin word carnes – “meat.”
Carnitine has many functions, but chief among them is to help transport fatty acids into cells so they supplied the tissues with energy. Sometimes carnitine is a vitamin, but it is not true, because vitamins are only those substances that are not produced in the human body and must enter it from the outside, for example, with food. And carnitine in normal conditions in a healthy human body should be worked out independently. However, the impact it has on the body and on its physical and chemical properties of carnitine are close to the b vitamins Like b vitamins, carnitine is highly soluble in water. That is why the main dosage form of drugs with carnitine is the solution.
Carnitine also sometimes mistakenly called amino acid, although it is the amino acids is not true. In this case it is synthesized from two amino acids – methionine and lysine. This process begins in the womb. The fetus fatty acids are the only source of energy in the tissues, so carnitine for the embryo is vital.
However, in young infants or in the body may not have enough carnitine. The causes may be different – birth trauma, prematurity, complications during pregnancy. For example, at birth the infant may occur asphyxia, in which the child can not breathe in the first seconds or minutes after birth. This causes damage to tissues of the nervous system.
Also the mother can be observed deviations from the normal course of pregnancy, such as:
- hypertonicity of the uterus,
- oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios,
- low placentation,
- detachment of the placenta.
All of these disorders usually have a negative impact on the health of the newborn baby.
According to statistics, are born completely healthy only 30% of infants. The rest may experience a variety of problems that can be expressed in a slow weight gain, unstable nervous system, weak immune system. This leads to the fact that the child is not breastfeeding, grows poorly, often sick, not sleeping and crying all the time. There are problems with its physiological and psychological development. In such cases, the doctor may prescribe good thing for babies.
The drug helps:
- to restore the level of metabolism in the body of the child;
- to stabilize the normal weight gain;
- to restore the sucking reflex in case of its violation;
- to balance energy, lipid and protein metabolism in the body of a baby;
- to improve the functioning of the nervous system of the child;
- to improve the enzymatic activity and the secretion of gastric juice;
- to improve digestion;
- remove toxins from the liver;
- to ensure the rapid development of the body premature babies.
In adults and children carnitine also improves physical endurance, reduces excess fat mass. The latter effect is achieved by the increased protein synthesis and fat breakdown. Carnitine contributes to economical use of glycogen, thereby increasing its reserves in the liver and other tissues, participates in the binding and removal of toxins, lowers “bad” cholesterol, improves the cardiovascular system, promotes the synthesis of red blood cells.
In addition, Elkar helps improve metabolism, disturbed as a result of surgical operations, serious illnesses, hyperthyroidism.
Indications for use of the drug Elkar for infants:
- abnormally low weight at birth,
- low tone muscle
- birth trauma ,
- consequences of oxygen starvation,
- weakened by the sucking reflex,
- slow growth and weight gain,
- lag in mental and nervous development.
Adults and children carnitine may also be administered in other violations:
- anorexia nervosa,
- encephalopathy (within the complex therapy),
- chronic pancreatitis,
- chronic gastritis,
- hyperthyroidism in the form of light,
- high physical or mental stress,
- skin diseases (seborrhea, seborrheic eczema, lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, systemic sclerosis),
- the loss of blood,
- a poor appetite.
Skin diseases Elkar is administered in the framework of complex therapy, as a General tonic
The drug can be assigned to a newborn, the first day of their life. For newborns who experience birth trauma or oxygen starvation, it’s still recommended to wait a bit. Therefore, children are given the drug only on the fifth day of their life.
It must be remembered that a good thing for infants is a drug that can be used only with permission of a doctor. The healthy baby excess carnitine is not completely necessary, moreover, it could even harm his health.
Good thing comes in the form of a solution for intake. The solution is dispensed in vials-droppers fitted with a measuring spoon and Cup. It should be borne in mind that there are two versions of the solution – with 20% and 30% concentration of carnitine. Good thing for infants is a solution of 20%, as only it can be used for the treatment of children up to 3 years. For treatment of children older than 3 years you can use both solution – 20% and 30%. However, the dosage in both cases, of course, will differ.
There is also a solution of carnitine for intramuscular or intravenous injection in ampoules of 5 ml. But it is used only in a hospital.
In what dosage you need to give good thing for babies? If you take the 20% solution, usual dosage is the age of a year and 4-10 drops. At the age of 1-2 years the child is given 14 drops. The number of doses per day – 2-3. However, your doctor may prescribe the child medication and the dosage.
Good thing for infants, it is recommended to give the child half an hour before meals.
The duration of treatment also is determined by your doctor. It can range from 15 to 40 days.
The drug little side effects – it is part of it carnitine is a natural body compound. However, this does not mean that good thing for babies is a completely safe drug. Here it should be noted that the gastrointestinal tract of a baby is not always able to properly absorb incoming matter. The result good thing for babies can lead to digestive disorders in some kids. Also, if the dose is exceeded, it can lead to allergic reactions and an unpleasant smell of urine of the child.