The main purpose of toys is to develop certain skills, abilities or acquisition of knowledge in a child in a game form. Today, educational toys are very popular. Well-known manufacturers offer many educational options for every taste. But their purchase is not always rational, because developing toys with their own hands is not difficult to do. Making them does not take much time and does not require costs.
What are educational toys?
The theme of developing toys that can be made independently is at the peak of popularity today. Therefore, information about them abound. If desired, you can easily perform various children’s rugs, special books, cubes that develop fine motor skills, animal figures and much more.
Toys for the development of skills are divided into those that the baby can play on their own, and those that require the obligatory presence of an adult. Help is not required when the child learns simple models for the development of fine motor skills. But it is better to study letters, counts, sides, body parts, figures together with mom.
Materials for the manufacture
To create educational toys at home, you will need a variety of materials, which, as a rule, are always at hand. These are shreds of fabric, ribbon, snake-zippers, buttons of various shapes and sizes, furniture accessories, foil, bags, old unnecessary things.
From ordinary and colored paper, you can make geometric shapes, lacing games, inserts for sorters, etc. The remnants of multi-colored corrugated paper will also be useful.
The tree makes wonderful toys for the development of the child, for example, sorters. With their help, a baby at the age of 1-2 years old studies shapes, shapes of objects, colors. Therefore, wooden blocks, boards will become indispensable assistants in the manufacture of toys for the baby.
From pieces of plain and colored cardboard, you can make a designer. To do this, cut out various shapes from it and show the baby which pictures can be folded. To make a developmental toy, it is not necessary to buy cardboard. Available options are quite suitable – cardboard from boxes on which pages from bright magazines are pasted.
The remnants of colored yarn will become the best assistants to mother in the manufacture of developing beads, rug, ball or soft cube. Not only different colors are welcome, but also the different thickness and texture of the yarn.
Old socks will get a second life in new toys for the baby. From them you can make a soft caterpillar, with different fillers for each link, or a toy from a sock on your hand with a funny face.
For people with creative thinking, making a lot of pom-pom toys is a trifle. They make cute bunnies, frogs, pigs, chickens, snowmen. You can list endlessly. The main thing is to allow yourself to fantasize.
The remains of the fabric, which can be found in stocks at any needlewoman, will become an indispensable material for tailoring educational toys. Shreds of fleece, felt, knitwear, silk, calico are suitable. The combination of material of different textures in such toys is welcome.
Let us consider in more detail what can be made from all this wealth.
It is not at all difficult to do on your own. To sew this toy, you need to stock up on a strip of soft fabric measuring 20 × 6 cm, a piece of elastic, a small plastic container, some kind of rattling filler and colored shreds for decoration of the toy.
First make the foundation. To do this, sew a strip, turn it inside out and insert an elastic band into it. The base should not squeeze the baby’s handle. Then any filler is poured into the plastic container so that the rattle makes a sound. After that, a tightly closed container, sheathed with a soft cloth and decorated with additional decorative elements. This part is attached to the base.
For babies, special beads will be relevant, with the help of which tactile skills are formed and unobtrusive study of flowers takes place.
To do this, you need beads of different sizes and kapron thread. Beads are tied with multi-colored yarn or sheathed with shreds of fabric of different colors and textures. After that they are strung on a thread and the ends are fastened tightly. A child can examine them, study individual beads, touch them with pens.
Such a pillow is not difficult to sew on your own. It is useful for a baby from 3 months to 3 years. To make a tactile pillow you will need some fabric, buttons, lacing, Velcro and other elements. The main condition is that you need to carefully attach all the elements on the surface of the pillow so that they do not come off if the baby pulls them in his mouth.
The easiest way to sew a pillowcase on a finished pillow. On it you can sew figures from fabric, buttons, zippers, ropes and other elements.
It can be made in different sizes and colors. This toy is very useful for the baby. It helps to develop fine motor skills, study colors and shapes, get acquainted with different textures.
There are many ideas for a soft book. It all depends on the mother’s imagination. You can watch ready-made toys or workshops on the Internet. For example, the pages of a book can be made in different colors, the pictures in it can be connected with Velcro or buttons, and laces and snakes can be added. In the book you can place a soft puzzle, numbers, animal figures.
Developing board or stand
Such a stand is able to free up some free time for mom, while the baby will actively study the world and improve its skills. You can buy a ready-made version. But it is absolutely not difficult and not costly to do it yourself. At the same time, a homemade board will be of no less interest to the peanut than bought in a store.
At home, you need to attach a non-working socket, a switch, handles, a door chain, a disk from a telephone to a regular board. It can be any items that are interesting to the baby.
If children do developmental rugs with their own hands, they will become real helpers for mothers. Such a rug will take the baby for a while and free it for mom. He develops imagination, speech, hand motility and crumb fantasy.
It’s not difficult to sew a children’s developing rug with your own hands. To do this, you need fabric for the base, material for the top layer and decoration, additional accessories. As a base, foam rubber, dense fabric, synthetic winterizer are suitable. Fabrics for a rug should be natural, bright, but not neon colors.
Helps to develop fine motor skills and imagination of the child. This toy is suitable for toddlers of a very young age. You can make it from colorful shreds. It is good if the fabric will have a different texture. For example, one face of a cube can be made of chintz, the second – from denim, on the third you can sew ribbons, ropes, buttons. The developing cube needs to be filled with synthetic winterizer or cotton wool.
Crayons will be attracted by multicolored figures made of fabric or felt. To make the toy more interesting, it can be performed as a noisy, rustle, rattle. For example, it could be a butterfly figurine. Make it very simple. You need to draw a butterfly on paper, transfer the pattern to felt, cut out the figure. You can sew two sides and fill the butterfly with a rustling (plastic bag), rattling (salt or grits) filler. You can attach a bell to the finished figure, then the toy will ring, or sew buttons, ribbons.
What are they developing?
Such toys are actively:
- develop the baby’s vision and hearing (for example, a rattle bracelet for the smallest), tactile sensations (slingobus or pillow with buttons);
- acquaint the child with color, size, shape (book);
- help to study the world around (animal figures);
- develop crumbs and speech (play mat).
The main requirement for children’s toys is safety. To do this, it is important to make sure that all materials are non-toxic, safe for the child. Parts of the toy must be firmly attached to it. It is necessary to examine whether the toy contains sharp parts that could injure the baby, or objects that could injure him (heck on the board, lightning).
What skills can children develop at different ages with toys?
The choice of a developmental toy depends on the age of the baby and its features.
Up to a year
During this period, the baby develops grasping reflexes, coordination of movements, fine motor skills, speech and motor activity. Up to six months, bright rattles, beads, soft balls, cubes, rugs are relevant. For children over 6 months old, sorters, nesting dolls, soft books, soft puzzles are suitable.
In this period of life, the baby can play on its own. Of interest are toys that can be disassembled and assembled. For example, a pyramid or sorter. They help develop logical thinking, motor skills, and mindfulness. By two years, the kid may be interested in plot games.
At this age, the child’s fine motor skills are improved, movements become coordinated. Story games interest him more. During such a game, the speech, imagination, skills and knowledge of the baby are improved.
Finger figures, numbers, letters, watches, books, board games are relevant.
Consider the simplest way to make a toy – a tactile sock track. She will surely be to the taste of the baby. To make it, you need to cook a long bright sock, a thick strong thread and various fillers (acorns, rice, buckwheat, salt, synthetic winterizer, etc.), buttons for the eyes.
First, one filler should be poured into the sock, the resulting ball should be tied with a thread, then several times further in the same order. The end of the caterpillar must be tightly tied with a thread. Sew buttons to the head. The tactile caterpillar is ready in 5 minutes!
DIY toys are easy to make. You can see the finished samples in the store or at workshops on the Internet. For this you will need inexpensive materials at hand, basic skills, mother’s patience and love.