What can be done at home to help a patient with an ankle dislocation? Firstly, it is necessary to completely immobilize the leg. The next stage of first aid that can be done at home is ice-making.
And without fail, the victim must be taken to the hospital or to call an ambulance.
After the doctor establishes the diagnosis, he prescribes the correct medication and rehabilitation in a hospital or at home:
- If inpatient treatment is prescribed, then a plaster or a special dressing is applied to the injured limb. Be sure to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, the use of crutches is prescribed so that when walking there is no way to lean on a sore leg.
- When there is an easier stage of the problem, the traumatologist prescribes treatment that is carried out at home. In this case, the symptoms are removed by applying ice to the sore spot for up to 10 minutes, taking pills such as Ibuprofen, and also rest.
Treatment of the first degree of ankle dislocation must adhere to such a scheme:
- Immediately after the injury, you need to do lotions with cold. This is a great and easiest way to relieve pain and swelling. You can use special cooling bags from a pharmacy for these purposes.
- A damaged joint is immobilized with a tight bandage from an elastic bandage.
- The load on the sore foot should be minimal.
- On the 3-4th day of injury, it is recommended to make baths, use ointments with a warming effect. It is necessary to include paraffin applications and massage in the treatment.
Such treatment should last at least 2 weeks. And only after this time it is possible to give minor loads to the leg and remove the bandage. It is important that the pain ceases to bother.
The second and third degree of dislocation is accompanied by a serious displacement. It is required to correct the joint as soon as possible, but you cannot do this yourself. Anesthetize the injury with an injection of novocaine, which is produced every 2 days.
The treatment of the second degree of injury is the application of a plaster cast. It should be worn for at least 12 days. Physiotherapy, exercise therapy, and massage are also prescribed. The final recovery from such an injury occurs after 3 weeks.
The third degree of dislocation of the ankle should be treated as follows:
- Plaster is applied, which covers everything from the fingers to the upper part of the lower leg.
- The doctor prescribes physiotherapy exercises;
- It is necessary to take a massage course;
- It will take several thermal physiotherapeutic procedures.
With timely treatment, the patient recovers on the 30th day after the injury.
Folk remedies for dislocation of the ankle
With dislocation of the ankle joint, it is possible to use the proven recipes of alternative medicine. They will help get rid of excessive swelling, pain and bruising at the site of injury:
- Compress of 5 grams of salt and 100 grams of 9% vinegar;
- Lotions from tincture of celandine, calendula, string and tansy;
- You can make an ointment, which consists of camphor powder, ammonia, a small amount of laundry soap, oil of oil and turpentine.
Instead of receiving such an injury, it is better to prevent it. To do this, you must not overdo it with physical activity. The diet should include foods that contain a large amount of calcium. You can make up for the deficiency of this microelement by taking special vitamin supplements.
If there are problems with the feet (for example, flat feet), it is mandatory to wear special shoes with orthopedic characteristics. Only in this case can we reduce the risk of ankle dislocation.
How to recognize and cure ankle dislocation
Many people have been injured at least once in their lives as an ankle dislocation. At its core, this is a displacement of the joint, which is accompanied by a rupture of the ligaments. In case that happened partial, slight displacement, then this is another injury, which is called subluxation. It is not always accompanied by a serious rupture of ligaments.
Most often, an ankle dislocation is the result of a strong, sharp and sudden movement (jump, run). Therefore, such an injury is common among athletes. But ordinary people are prone to it. It can happen due to an awkward movement or in the fall. Whatever the history of such a dislocation, the patient needs treatment. Otherwise, it is possible to get severe inflammation in the area of injured joints.
Types of Dislocations
Medical practice identifies several options for such an injury.
- anterior dislocation of the ankle joint. Appears after the leg has been twisted to the back. Such an injury may occur as a result of an impact on the back of the lower leg;
- the posterior dislocation appears due to the fact that the foot from its back to the sole was excessively bent. Such an outcome is possible after hitting the foot in front;
- internal dislocation – occurs due to the strong tucking of the foot inward and sideways with the use of pressure;
- dislocation with a fracture of the external ankle – appears after power turning of the foot to the side and out;
- dislocation with a shift up . This is possible if you fall from a great height directly to your feet.
Different types of ankle dislocation have common symptoms:
- Pain . The first pain appears during the injury. They are also accompanied by a specific version of the crunch. After a few seconds, the pain subsides due to the fact that the pain receptors are overexcited and become insensitive. After a couple of hours, the pain symptoms will again return with greater force and will be aggravated when moving a sick joint.
- Deformation . This symptom directly depends on the type and degree of dislocation. Most often, the foot will be bent to one side or the other.
- Edema . Serious symptoms of ankle dislocation are progressive edema of the lower leg, ankle, and foot. They appear instantly after an injury. In this case, hematomas are accompanied.
- The support and walking function using the affected ankle becomes unavailable. The foot seems to “freeze” in a curved position.
Diagnosis of ankle dislocation
Only the symptoms will not help establish the diagnosis of ankle dislocation .
To draw the right conclusions, doctors prescribe a radiography that will help establish:
- The presence of dislocation;
- The appearance of fractures;
- Type of injury.
Moreover, if a lateral dislocation is detected, then it is not a single injury. So, the fracture of the ankles will also be present on the picture. Anterior dislocation is a very rare diagnosis. It is not common. The posterior dislocation is combined with a fracture of the rear ankle. Subluxations in the image look like mismatches of the two articular surfaces.
Finally, a habitual dislocation is a consequence of a severe foot injury, in which a tendon rupture occurs, or an incorrectly prescribed treatment. The result is the possibility of relapses, even at the smallest loads.