17.05.2021

How to avoid problems with malocclusion in children

Your kid wrong? Don’t worry, it’s fixable! Of course, the mother is difficult to determine at a glance if jaw have her baby. This should solve pediatric dentist or orthodontist.

Ask the kid to smile widely, and look carefully at his teeth. Normally milk bite upper teeth slightly (not more than one-third) shall overlap the bottom. By 5 years the child between the teeth should appear in the spaces – so there is a preparation for the change of teeth.

Problems with the bite today found in 8 out of 10 preschoolers. Show the child the orthodontist to determine the cause of dental disorders and to develop tactics to eliminate them. After all, orthodontic disorders affect not only the appearance but also the health of the child, affect speech and mental development.

Genes disappoint

A third of all cases of malocclusion associated with poor heredity. If the parents it is far from ideal, the baby can be transferred the same features of the structure of the face. For example, overly large teeth with small jaws will certainly be fighting with each other, and the dentition is bent. Their density facilitates the development of caries, which causes gum disease.

A short frenulum (the transverse crease of the mucous membrane between the lip and gum) will delay the forming jaw forward, stretching the front incisors. Because of this, between them there will be ugly gap that will prevent the child clearly pronouncing hissing and the whistling sounds. Here without the help of a specialist can not do: it is necessary to cut the bridle, and everything will be back to normal. Many other dental disorders can also be prevented if the time to pay attention to them.

Charged with nipple

If the child is constantly sucking a pacifier, if he had to part with her until 12 months, when milk teeth already cut, there is a risk of formation of malocclusion in which the upper and lower incisors are not closed. It’s not just ugly: the gap between the cutters to prevent a proper bite and chew, and subsequently can form and speech disorders. Too hard (without producing the air valve at the base) or too much of a pacifier disrupts the development of the jaws. Now they are produced in three sizes for children up to 4 months up to 1,5 years. But the last is better not to use!

However, there is a prophylactic nipple-the bit with the angled top that prevents the underdevelopment of the upper jaw, which is increasingly found in iskusstvennomu. To capture such a dummy, the baby has to work hard to push forward the lower jaw. And babies who have it is well developed, more suitable nipple-cherry.

Bad habits

A child sucking his thumb or lower lip, bites her cheek, his tongue, biting his teeth. Many kids do this, when focused at some thing, upset, go to sleep, and some involuntary thumb sucking and lip in my sleep, causing irreparable damage to the bite.

Show the child neurologist. And be sure to orthodontist. It used to be that it makes no sense to consult with that specialist for permanent teeth, but now views have changed. So you do not resort to costly and complicated orthodontic treatment, consult an orthodontist has before school age.

Too lazy to chew

If the child refuses solid food, and requires only rubbed (this particularly inclined boys), the development and dentition, and the entire facial skeleton is disturbed, because there is no necessary to develop the load. In addition to malocclusion mess on the plate turns into mush in your mouth – the baby does not pronounce the consonants. Gently but persistently encourage your baby to chew by offering him an Apple, a carrot, and instead of cutlets and meatballs – sliced meat.

Breathing problems

Because of frequent colds, enlarged adenoids, or a constantly congested nose baby all the time, breathes through the mouth, and especially the snoring in his sleep? That’s too bad – disrupts the development of the lower and upper jaw, tapering to a narrow point, which means, not all permanent teeth have enough space in the row. Show baby to the ENT doctor, and again the orthodontist. Ideally it needs to examine each kid in 2-3 years in order to detect abnormalities in dentoalveolar and facial growth and development. These deviations appear when facial injuries or with early removal of baby teeth. The absence of a tooth will change the position of the adjacent teeth. They will begin to shift to the side of the removed tooth.

As you can see, the causes of orthodontic problems, more than enough, and to identify their need as early as possible.

How can we help?

Malocclusion is best to identify as early as possible – up to 6 years. And for the first time seem ortoton better 2 years. The doctor will recommend to do with the baby special exercises for the maxillofacial muscles and breathing exercises to teach the child to breathe through the nose and mouth.

To normalize the bite and to wean the baby suck the finger and the sponge to bite his cheek and tongue to help special vestibular plate, designed for children 2 to 4 years – toddlers are willing to agree to such a change.

When do milk teeth start falling out, being replaced by a permanent, indispensable correction – elastic preortodontic trainers who help the permanent teeth to erupt correctly, while the lower jaw catch up in growth top. It only needs to be worn for 1 hour a day and wear at night to bite gradually improved.

A proper bite is important, not only for beauty but also very important for the health of your child. Children with jagged teeth more often caries, periodontal disease and temporomandibular joints, and eventually even problems with digestion. Therefore, it is desirable to show the baby to a pediatric dentist or orthodontist as soon as possible.

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